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高二英语语法:定语从句中的五大重点讲解

来源:101教育网整理 2018-11-18 字体大小: 分享到:

       英语语法是学习中的一个重点,定语从句更是语法学习中的重点,今天101教育小编就为您讲解一下定语从句中的五大重点难点。

  1.几个特殊的先行词

  (1)way在定语从句中做状语时的三种引导方式 that / in which / 不填

  The way in which / that / 不填 he explains the sentence to us is quite simple.

  比较:The way which /that/不填 he told to us was quite simple.

  ★way在定语中作tell的宾语

  (2)先行词time

  time表示“次数”时,用关系代词that引导定语从句

  This is the first time that the president has visited the country.

  time作“一段时间” 讲时,应用关系副词when

  This was the time when there were no radios, no telephones or no TV sets

  ★此时when = during which 在..期间

  (3)先行词reason当在定语从句中作状语时,定语从句的4种引导方式 why/for which/that/不填

  This is the reason why/for which/that/不填 he can not come here.

  比较:Is this the reason that/which/不填he explained to us for his absence from the conference.

  ★reason 在定语从句中做explain的宾语

  2.介词+关系代词

  ★该结构的关系代词只有两种即 介词+which(指物) 介词+whom(指人)

  ★该结构介词的选用原则:

  (1)根据定语从句中谓语动词的习惯搭配

  This is the book on which I spent $ 8.

  This is the book for which I paid $ 8.

  (2)根据先行词的搭配习惯

  I remember the days during which I lived there.

  I remember the day on which I graduated from university.

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