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初二一轮英语:形容词副词比较级较高级使用事项

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  形容词副词比较级较高级使用注意事项

  ◇比较应在同类事物之间进行。

  误:Your English is better than me.

  正:Your English is better than mine.

  ◇比较级前可以有一个表示程度的状语,

  最常见的三大修饰词是:a little, much, even。

  以下单词也可用来修饰:any, far, still, a lot, yet, rather。

  My sister is a little taller than me.

  Their house is much larger than ours.

  另外,名词短语也可修饰比较级,说明程度。

  I’m three years older than he.

  特别提醒:very, quite, too不可修饰比较级。

  ◇避免重复使用比较级。

  误:He is more kinder to small animals than I.

  正:He is much kinder to small animals than I.

  误:He is more cleverer than his brother.

  正:He is cleverer than his brother.

  ◇比较要符合逻辑,在同一范围内比较时,避免将主语含在比较对象中,这时需使用other来排除自身。

  误:China is larger that any country in Asia.

  正:China is larger than any other country in Asia.

  误:John studies harder than any student in his class.

  正:John studies harder than any other student in his class.

  正:John studies harder than any of the other students in his class.

  正:John studies harder than anyone else in his class.

  ◇比较要遵循前后一致的原则,注意前后呼应。

  The population of Shanghai is larger than that of Beijing.

  It is easier to make a plan than to carry it out.

  ◇序数词通常只修饰较高级。

  Africa is the second largest continent.

  The Yellow River is the second longest river in China.

  This is the third most popular song of Michael Jackson.

  ◇为避免重复,我们通常用that, those, one, ones代替前面出现的名词。that代替可数名词单数和不可数名词,those代替可数名词复数。one既可指人又可指物,只能代替可数名词。

  The weather in China is different from that in America.

  The book on the table is more interesting than that(或the one)on the desk.

  ?????? A box made of steel is stronger than one made of wood.

  ?????? 误:In winter, the weather of Beijing is colder than it of Shanghai.

  正:In winter, the weather of Beijing is colder than that of Shanghai.

  ◇“否定词 + 比较级”相当于较高级。

  ----Wait until we get a satisfactory reply, will you?

  ----I couldn't agree more. The idea sounds great to me.

  Nothing is so easy as this. =Nothing is easier than this. =This is the easiest thing.

  ◇比较级前一般不加冠词。但表示两者中较突出者,且比较级后又有名词或出现了of the two,这时比较级前一定要加the。

  He is the taller of the two.

  Of the two jobs,he chose the harder.

  Which is the younger one, Lily or Lucy?

  试比较:

  Which is larger, Canada or Australia?

  Which is the larger country, Canada or Australia?

  She is taller than her two sisters.

  She is the taller of the two sisters.

  ◇不含than 的比较级前可加不定冠词修饰,构成“a/an+比较级+单数可数名词”表示 “一个更……的人/物”。

  Why don’t you use a sharper knife? 你为什么不用一把更锋利的刀呢?

  ◇比较级than 后应用人称代词的主格,但非正式语体中常用宾格。

  He is taller than I/me.


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