初中试题
当前位置: 首页 > 初二> 初二英语> 初二英语知识点

初二英语一轮复习:使用宾语从句注意的四个方面

来源:101教育网整理 2018-12-17 字体大小: 分享到:

  新一轮复习备考周期正式开始,101教育为各位初二考生整理了英语复习攻略,主要包括必考点、常考知识点、复习方法、考试答题技巧等内容,帮助各位考生梳理知识脉络,理清做题思路,希望各位考生可以在考试中取得优异成绩!

  使用宾语从句需要注意的四个方面

  一、引导词的使用

  1. 当宾语从句由陈述句变化而来时,用that来引导从句,that常无具体意义,一般可省略。例如:

  Lin Tao thought(that)the TV play was very boring.

  2. 当宾语从句是由一般疑问句变化而来时,要用if或whether来引导从句。例如:

  David asked his mother if/ whether she liked the dinner last night.

  3. 当宾语从句是由特殊疑问句变化而来时,原句中的疑问词充当连接代词(如who, whose, what, which)或连接副词(如when, where, why, how),引导宾语从句。例如:

  Do you know what we can do on the island?

  I don’t know why Jane was late for school this morning.

  二、语序的陈述化

  宾语从句一般要用陈述句语序。例如:

  When did he leave? I want to know. →I want to know when he left.

  Does the shop close at six every day? Do you know? →Do you know if/ whether the shop closes at six every day?

  三、时态的呼应

  1. 如果主句是一般现在时、一般将来时或祈使句时,宾语从句可根据情况使用各种时态。例如:

  I hear she is here today(she was here yesterday/ she will be here tomorrow.)

  2. 如果主句是一般过去时,宾语从句应使用过去时态的某种形式。例如:

  He said he was watching TV(he had swept the floor/ he would play football after school)。

  3. 如宾语从句所叙述的是客观事实、自然现象或科学真理等,从句不受主句时态限制,仍用一般现在时。例如:

  Our teacher told us that light travels faster than sound.

  四、否定转移

  当主句的谓语动词为think, believe, suppose等动词,且主语为第一人称时,从句的否定要转移到主句上。例如:

  I don’t believe he is here on time, is he?

  I don’t think Tom is the best student in his class, is he?


猜你喜欢

精品学习资料

扫描二维码注册领取

精选常考文言文考点,专注提升古文修养,更多学习资料尽在101辅导APP