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高一英语必修1:Unit 1 Friendship

来源:101教育网整理 2019-03-29 字体大小: 分享到:

6223e345ae959ee379dc91742237c7eb.png课程信息:

   

高一

   

英语

   

人教实验版

内容标题

必修1 Unit 1-1Friendship

6223e345ae959ee379dc91742237c7eb.png知识精讲:

()重点单词.

1. upset

adj.=unhappy; feeling uncomfortable 心烦意乱的,不愉快的

He felt upset at the news.

vt.=make sb. unhappy 使……不安

他的所作所为使他父母很不高兴。

What he had done upset his parents much.

第一次数学测验的成绩可能会使部分同学很不安。

The result of the first maths test may upset some of the students.

n. 扰乱,混乱

He has a stomach upset.

典型考题

The bad news             me.

 A. nervous    B. anxious    C. upset    D. sad

2. ignore

vt.=pay no attention to

别轻视小错,它们会造成大事故。

Don’t ignore small mistakes. They may cause big accidents.

Alison ignored her doctor’s advice about drinking and smoking.

ignorant  adj.

=knowing too little; lacking knowledge

Many people ignorant their rights.

ignorance of /about sth. n.

The workers were in complete ignorance of the management’s plans.

 典型考题

Always            by the parents, John feels sad in the heart but he doesn’t show it.

   A. ignoring         B. ignored          C. being ignored         D. to be ignoring

3. calm

adj. =not excited, worried or angry; quiet

Try to keep calm—there’s no need to panic.

She spoke in a calm voice.

v. =to make sb. quiet or calm

Look, calm down! We will find her.

,镇静一点,我们会找到她的。

We waited inside until things calmed down.

我们待在室内,直到一切都恢复了平静。

 典型考题

The police chief advised his men to stay          and not lose tempers.

A. still          B. quiet         C. silent         D. calm

   4. settle

=to put an end to an argument or disagreement

We didn’t speak to each other for years, but we’ve settled our differences now.

=to decide or arrange sth. finally

Everything’s settled. We leave on the nine o’clock flight on Friday.

=to go and live in a new place

Finally he settled in Beijing.

5. suffer=to experience sth. unplesant

Our troops suffered heavy losses.我军伤亡惨重。

suffer from sth.  遭受

Mary often suffers from headaches.

suffer for sth. 为……而遭受

He made a rash decision and now he’s suffering for it.

典型考题

Our business has suffered         lack of investment.

A. in          B. of          C. from         D. on

(二)重点短语

1 add up相加

Add your scores up and we’ll see who win.

把你的得分加起来,我们就知道谁赢了。

add up to 加起来          总计

These numbers add up to 100.

这些数目合计为100

add to sth. 增加

What he did added to our difficulties.他的所作所为增加了我们的困难。

词组辨析:

1). The time I spend in commuting every day _________ two and a half hours.

2). Colorful balloons can _____ the festival atmosphere.

3). To make sure the result was correct, she ________ the figures again and again.

高考链接

There have been several new events         to the program for 2008 Beijing Olympic Games.

A. add         B. to add        C. adding          D. added

2. be concerned about=be worried about; be anxious for关心,挂念

教师们对世界人口增长非常关注。

The experts are concerned about the growth of the world’s population.

as/so far as sb. be concerned=in one’s opinion 就某人而言, 在某人看来

As far as I am concerned, the price of oil will continue to increase.

be concerned in…参与……

He is said to have been concerned in the crime.

be concerned with…与……有关

典型考题

I was very concerned          my mother’s illness.

A. about         B. with         C. of          D. to

 3. go through

=experience; suffer

他一生中经历了很多事情。

He has gone through a great deal in his life.

他陪妻子度过最艰难的时期。

He went through the hardest time with his wife.

弗兰克在战争中历尽艰险。

Frank went through many dangers during the war.

=check

They went through our luggage at the customs.

=refer to, go over

We spent several days going through all related reference.

Can the table go through the door?

 典型考题

The country has          too many wars.

A. gone through with         B. gone through        C. gone about         D. gone down

4. set down

=write down

I have the details set down here in my notes.

我已将详细内容记到了我的笔记本上。

Why don’t you set your plan down on a paper.

=put down

Please set me down at the next corner.请在下一个拐角处让我下车。

set out 出发, 开始  set up 建立    set off 动身,出发

词组辨析:

He was asked                  the facts just as he remembered them.

We               at 3 o’clock this morning.

The government has         a committee to inquire into the problem.

5. on purpose (by intention, deliberately) 故意

They have come here on purpose to see you

他们特意来看望你。

She broke the vase on purpose

她故意把花瓶打碎。

for the purpose of 为了……目的

with the purpose of 有……的目的

   6. in order to   为了(做什么)

1). He got up very early in order to / so as to catch the first bus.

2). In order to catch the first bus, he got up very early.

3). He works very hard in order to / so as to support his family.

归纳 in order to 意为为了……,表示目的;在用法和意义上相当于so as to结构,但是in order to结构可以用于句首、句中,而so as to多用于句中。其否定式分别为:in order not to so as not to

拓展 in order toso as to在句中表示目的时,常可以转化成由in order thatso that引导的目的状语从句。如:

We should work hard in order to / so as to pass the exam.

→ We should work hard in order that / so that we can pass the exam.

为了能通过考试,我们应该努力学习。

高考链接:

        prevent her from attending the meeting, he took away the key to their car      .

A. So as to, by mistake                B. In order to, on purpose  

C. In order to, to her surprise           D. So as to, in surprise

7.face to face  面对面地 (在句中作状语)

face-to-face  a.面对面的 (作定语)

    类似的还有heart to heart  坦诚地

    shoulder to shoulder 肩并肩地

    back to back    背对背地

Ex.

She stood __________ (面对面地) with him.

We had ________________ (面对面的交谈).

That night they talked ____________ (坦诚地) with each other.

8. should have done sth本来应该做某事 (而实际上没做, 含有责备的意味)

    should not have done 本来不该做某事(而实际上已做)

    He looks upset. I _________________  _______________. (本不该告诉他这个坏消息)

    You are late. You ________________ _________________.  (本应该早五分钟来)

高考链接:

I told your friend how to get to the hotel, but perhaps I              have driven her there.

A. could    B. must   C. might   D. should

9. get …to do = have …do使……做……

    get …doing=have …doing 使……一直做

He got/had the light burning all the night.

get…done=have…done 使……被……

I got my watch lost.

He had his homework finished yesterday.

  高考链接

You should understand the traffic rule by now. You’ve had it        often enough.

A. explaining   B. to explain    C. explain    D. explained

其他:

a series of

according to

at dusk

no longer/ not …any longer

pack up

get along with

fall in love

join in

get/be tired of

选用列词组的正确形式填空。

on purpose; no longer; hide away; set down; in order to; face to face

1. I don’t know why they had to ___________ for such a long time.

2. You make it sound as if I did it ___________!

3. I think it is ___________ a secret. It is being talked everywhere in the town.

4. Why dare you not speak to Harry ______________?

5. You needn’t __________ everything that the teacher says in class.

6. ____________ earn enough money, he often works late into the night.

(三)重点句型

1. It / This is the first / second …time that +主语+have / has done.

It / This was the first / second / third … time that + 主语+ had done.

意为某人第几次做某事”      

I’m not familiar with the town. It is the first time that I ______________.

He told me it was the fourth time that he ________________________ (犯同样的错误).

高考链接

The last one      pays the meal. Agreed!

A. arrived   B. arrives   C. to arrive   D. arriving

2. I wonder if /whether…我不知是否……

I wonder if it will rain tomorrow.

I wonder if you can help me.

典型例题

I wonder who he is, where he came from and why he came.

3. She found it difficult to settle…

She 主语 found 谓语 it 形式宾语  difficult 宾补  to settle… 真正宾语

find/ make/ think/ it +宾补+to do

I find it difficult to talk with you about anything serious.

I think it necessary to tell them all about the matter.

典型考题

I don’t think         possible to master a foreign language without much memory work.

A. this   B. that   C. its    D. it

4. 强调句

It is/was + 被强调部分+that/who+其他成分

①It was at 8 o’clock _____ I went back home last night.

A. that   B. when   C. which   D. what

②__________you missed such a fine lecture?

A. How it was that      B. It was how that     C. How was it that      D. Was it how that

③I just wonder _______ that makes you so excited.

A. why it does      B. what he does      C. how it is      D. what it is

高考链接

It was not until she got home __ Mary realized she had lost her keys.

    A. that     B. when     C. where     D. before

6223e345ae959ee379dc91742237c7eb.png(Unit 1 语法学习)预习导学

1. 概念:直接引语和间接引语都是宾语从句,但直接引语放在引号内,不用连接词连接,间接引语不用引号,通常用连接词连接主句。

请把下面的句子变成间接引语:

e.g. He said, “My books are better than yours.”

    He said that his books were better than mine.

请仔细学习例句,并尝试自己完成下列句子。

1. My father said, “Did you sleep well last night?”

                                                                              

2. He said to his sister, “Why did you buy these old books?”

                                                                              

3. He said, “What are you going to do tomorrow?”

                                                                               

4. She asked Jack, “Will you come here this afternoon?”

                                                                            


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