必修1 Unit 1-1Friendship
adj.=unhappy; feeling uncomfortable 心烦意乱的，不愉快的
He felt upset at the news.
vt.=make sb. unhappy 使……不安
What he had done upset his parents much.
The result of the first maths test may upset some of the students.
He has a stomach upset.
The bad news me.
A. nervous B. anxious C. upset D. sad
vt.=pay no attention to
Don’t ignore small mistakes. They may cause big accidents.
Alison ignored her doctor’s advice about drinking and smoking.
=knowing too little; lacking knowledge
Many people ignorant their rights.
ignorance of /about sth. n.
The workers were in complete ignorance of the management’s plans.
Always by the parents, John feels sad in the heart but he doesn’t show it.
A. ignoring B. ignored C. being ignored D. to be ignoring
adj. =not excited, worried or angry; quiet
Try to keep calm—there’s no need to panic.
She spoke in a calm voice.
v. =to make sb. quiet or calm
Look, calm down! We will find her.
We waited inside until things calmed down.
The police chief advised his men to stay and not lose tempers.
A. still B. quiet C. silent D. calm
=to put an end to an argument or disagreement
We didn’t speak to each other for years, but we’ve settled our differences now.
=to decide or arrange sth. finally
Everything’s settled. We leave on the nine o’clock flight on Friday.
=to go and live in a new place
Finally he settled in Beijing.
5. suffer=to experience sth. unplesant
Our troops suffered heavy losses.我军伤亡惨重。
suffer from sth. 遭受
Mary often suffers from headaches.
suffer for sth. 为……而遭受
He made a rash decision and now he’s suffering for it.
Our business has suffered lack of investment.
A. in B. of C. from D. on
1． add up相加
Add your scores up and we’ll see who win.
add up to 加起来 总计
These numbers add up to 100.
add to sth. 增加
What he did added to our difficulties.他的所作所为增加了我们的困难。
1). The time I spend in commuting every day _________ two and a half hours.
2). Colorful balloons can _____ the festival atmosphere.
3). To make sure the result was correct, she ________ the figures again and again.
There have been several new events to the program for 2008 Beijing Olympic Games.
A. add B. to add C. adding D. added
2. be concerned about=be worried about; be anxious for关心，挂念
The experts are concerned about the growth of the world’s population.
as/so far as sb. be concerned=in one’s opinion 就某人而言, 在某人看来
As far as I am concerned, the price of oil will continue to increase.
be concerned in…参与……
He is said to have been concerned in the crime.
be concerned with…与……有关
I was very concerned my mother’s illness.
A. about B. with C. of D. to
3. go through
He has gone through a great deal in his life.
He went through the hardest time with his wife.
Frank went through many dangers during the war.
They went through our luggage at the customs.
=refer to, go over
We spent several days going through all related reference.
Can the table go through the door?
The country has too many wars.
A. gone through with B. gone through C. gone about D. gone down
4. set down
I have the details set down here in my notes.
Why don’t you set your plan down on a paper.
Please set me down at the next corner.请在下一个拐角处让我下车。
set out 出发， 开始 set up 建立 set off 动身，出发
He was asked the facts just as he remembered them.
We at 3 o’clock this morning.
The government has a committee to inquire into the problem.
5. on purpose (by intention, deliberately) 故意
They have come here on purpose to see you．
She broke the vase on purpose．
for the purpose of 为了……目的
with the purpose of 有……的目的
6. in order to 为了(做什么)
1). He got up very early in order to / so as to catch the first bus.
2). In order to catch the first bus, he got up very early.
3). He works very hard in order to / so as to support his family.
【归纳】 in order to 意为 “为了……”，表示目的；在用法和意义上相当于so as to结构，但是in order to结构可以用于句首、句中，而so as to多用于句中。其否定式分别为：in order not to 和so as not to。
【拓展】 in order to和so as to在句中表示目的时，常可以转化成由in order that或so that引导的目的状语从句。如:
We should work hard in order to / so as to pass the exam.
→ We should work hard in order that / so that we can pass the exam.
prevent her from attending the meeting, he took away the key to their car .
A. So as to, by mistake B. In order to, on purpose
C. In order to, to her surprise D. So as to, in surprise
7.face to face 面对面地 (在句中作状语)
face-to-face a.面对面的 (作定语)
类似的还有heart to heart 坦诚地
shoulder to shoulder 肩并肩地
back to back 背对背地
She stood __________ (面对面地) with him.
We had ________________ (面对面的交谈).
That night they talked ____________ (坦诚地) with each other.
8. should have done sth本来应该做某事 (而实际上没做, 含有责备的意味)
should not have done 本来不该做某事(而实际上已做)
He looks upset. I _________________ _______________. (本不该告诉他这个坏消息）
You are late. You ________________ _________________. (本应该早五分钟来）
I told your friend how to get to the hotel, but perhaps I have driven her there.
A. could B. must C. might D. should
9. get …to do = have …do使……做……
get …doing=have …doing 使……一直做
He got/had the light burning all the night.
I got my watch lost.
He had his homework finished yesterday.
You should understand the traffic rule by now. You’ve had it often enough.
A. explaining B. to explain C. explain D. explained
a series of
no longer/ not …any longer
get along with
fall in love
get/be tired of
on purpose; no longer; hide away; set down; in order to; face to face
1. I don’t know why they had to ___________ for such a long time.
2. You make it sound as if I did it ___________!
3. I think it is ___________ a secret. It is being talked everywhere in the town.
4. Why dare you not speak to Harry ______________?
5. You needn’t __________ everything that the teacher says in class.
6. ____________ earn enough money, he often works late into the night.
1. It / This is the first / second …time that +主语+have / has done.
It / This was the first / second / third … time that + 主语+ had done.
I’m not familiar with the town. It is the first time that I ______________.
He told me it was the fourth time that he ________________________ (犯同样的错误).
—The last one pays the meal. —Agreed!
A. arrived B. arrives C. to arrive D. arriving
2. I wonder if /whether…我不知是否……
I wonder if it will rain tomorrow.
I wonder if you can help me.
I wonder who he is, where he came from and why he came.
3. She found it difficult to settle…
She 主语 found 谓语 it 形式宾语 difficult 宾补 to settle… 真正宾语
find/ make/ think/ it +宾补+to do
I find it difficult to talk with you about anything serious.
I think it necessary to tell them all about the matter.
I don’t think possible to master a foreign language without much memory work.
A. this B. that C. its D. it
It is/was + 被强调部分+that/who+其他成分
①It was at 8 o’clock _____ I went back home last night.
A. that B. when C. which D. what
②__________you missed such a fine lecture?
A. How it was that B. It was how that C. How was it that D. Was it how that
③I just wonder _______ that makes you so excited.
A. why it does B. what he does C. how it is D. what it is
It was not until she got home __ Mary realized she had lost her keys.
A. that B. when C. where D. before
（Unit 1 语法学习）预习导学
e.g. He said, “My books are better than yours.”
He said that his books were better than mine.
1. My father said, “Did you sleep well last night?”
2. He said to his sister, “Why did you buy these old books?”
3. He said, “What are you going to do tomorrow?”
4. She asked Jack, “Will you come here this afternoon?”