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高一英语必修1:Friendship陈述句、疑问句的直接引语变

来源:101教育网整理 2019-04-09 字体大小: 分享到:

6223e345ae959ee379dc91742237c7eb.png课程信息:

   

高一

   

英语

   

人教实验版

内容标题

必修1 Unit1-2 Direct speech and Indirect   speech

6223e345ae959ee379dc91742237c7eb.png知识精讲:

引述别人的话语一般采用两种方式:一是原封不动地引用原话,把它放在括号内,这叫直接引语(Direct speech);一是用自己的话加以转述, 这叫间接引语(Indirect speech).这两种引语都是宾语从句。

观察下面的句子,注意直接引语变为间接引语后,发生了哪些变化。

1) She said to me, “I can’t finish the work today.”

She told me (that) she couldn’t finish the work that day.

2) She said to me, “Have you read this book?”

She asked me whether / if I had read that book.

3) She said to her father, “How will you come here tomorrow?”

She asked her father how he would go there the next day.

4) She said, “He left twenty minutes ago.”

She said (that) he had left twenty minutes before.

5) She said, “What are you doing now?”

She asked (me) what I was doing then.

小结归纳

通过以上例句我们可以发现,直接引语变为间接引语时,从句中的人称、时态、指示代词、时间状语、地点状语、动词等都需要进行相应的变化。我们来归纳一下以上例句中所发生的变化:

(一)陈述句直接引语变间接引语

直接引语如果是陈述句,在变为间接引语时,用连接词that引导(口语中可以省略),句中的人称、时态、指示代词、时间状语、地点状语等都要作相应改变。

1. 人称的变化。由第一、二人称变为第三人称。

e.g. She said, “ Your Pronunciation is better than mine”.

She said that my pronunciation was better than hers.

I—   he/she

me/you—him/her

my—his/her

we—they

us—them

our—their

mine—his/hers

myself—himself/herself

ours—theirs

ourselves—themselves


2. 时态的变化。

如果主句的谓语动词是一般过去时,从句的谓语动词在时态上一般都要相应地“退后一步”,即:一般现在时变为一般过去时。

时态变化

直接引语

间接引语

一般现在时一般过去时

He   said, “ I walk to school.”

He said   that he walked to school.

现在进行时过去进行时

He   said, “I am walking to school.”

He said   that he was walking to school.

现在完成时过去完成时

He   said, “I have walked to school.”

He said   that he had walked to school.

一般过去时过去完成时

He   said, “I walked to school.”

He said   that he had walked to school.

过去完成时不变

He   said, “I had walked to school.”

He said   that he had walked to school.

一般将来时过去将来时

He   said, “I will walk to school.”

He said   that he would walk to school.

 

3. 指示代词、时间状语、地点状语和动词的变化

e.g. She said, “I will come here again tonight.”

She said that she would go there again that night.


在直接引语中

在间接引语中

指示代词

This(place)  

These   (places)

 

That   (place)

Those   (places)

地点副词

here

there

动词

come

bring

go

take

时间状语

Now

Today,   tonight

This   week(month, etc.)

Yesterday

Last   week(month)

Two   days ago

Tomorrow

Next   week…

Then

That   day, that night

That   week (month, etc.)

The day   before, the previous day

The   week (month) before

Two   days before

The   next /following day

The next/following   week…

由直接引语转变为间接引语,下列情况时态不变:

1)不变的真理

The teacher said to the students, “Water freezes when the temperature falls below 0.”

The teacher told the students that water freezes when the temperature falls below 0.

2)经常的习惯:

He said to the doctor, “I smoke two packs every day.”

He told the doctor that he smokes two packs every day.

3)历史事件:

The teacher said, “World War ended in 1945.”

The teacher said that World War ended in 1945.

4)部分情态动词,must, ought to, used to, had better等:

She said to me: “You must hurry up.”

She said that I must hurry up.

 

(二)疑问句直接引语变间接引语

1、直接引语如果是一般疑问句,变为间接引语且谓语动词是saysaid时,要改为askasked原问句变成由连词ifwhether引导的宾语从句。

e.g.: The boy said, “ May I go with you?”

The boy asked me if he might go with me.

Tom asked me, “Have you seen that movie before?”

Tom asked me if I had seen that movie.

He asked, “ Are you a Party member or a League member?”

He asked me whether I was a Party member or a League member.

2、特殊疑问句

直接引语如果是特殊疑问句,变为间接引语时,用疑问词作为连接词,句子改为陈述句。

“How do you feel?” the doctor asked him.

The doctor asked him how he felt.

He said, “What are you thinking about?”

He asked me what I was thinking about.

The teacher asked, “Who is on duty today?”

The teacher asked who was on duty that day.

 

Exercise

1. Jack said to me, “You look worried today.”

Jack told me that ___ worried ___.          

A. he looks…today                          B. you look…today

C. we looked…that day              D. I looked…that day

2. We said to her, “They’re walking through the street now.”

We told her that ___ through the street ___.

A. we were walking…then               B. you are walking…now

C. they were walking…then           D. they walking…now

3. Mr. Black said, “I have walked a long way this week.”

Mr. Black said that __ a long way __. 

A. I had walked…last week           B. he had walked…that week

C. I walked…last week              D. he has walked…this week

4. The man thought, “I shall take it back tomorrow.”

The man thought that __ take it back ____.

A. I shall…tomorrow                 B. I shall…the next day

C. he should…tomorrow             D. he would …the next day

5. They said to us, “Are you afraid to leave this house ?”

They asked us ____ afraid to leave _____ house.

A. that were we…this                B. that we were…that

C. if were we …this                D. if we were…that

6. Jane said, “What did he hear about a week ago?”

Jane asked ____ about _____.                     

A. that he heard…a week ago         B. what he had heard…the week before  

C. what he had heard… a week ago    D. if he heard…the week ago

7. She asked, “Whose house will he break into next time ?”

She asked whose house ____ break into _____.

A. will he…next time               B. would he…the next time

C. he would…the next time          D. he will…next time

8. Jack said to her, “Where do you spend your holidays?”

Jack asked her where ____ holidays.    

A. she spent her     B. you spend your  C. she spend her    D. you spent your

9. Black asked me, “ Why haven’t you left here yet?”

Black asked me why ____ yet.     

A. I hadn’t left there                     B. I haven’t left here

C. hadn’t I left there                 D. haven’t I left here 

10. The teacher asked her, “Does the sun rise in the east ?”

The teacher asked her ___ the sun ___ in the east.

A. if…rise             B. if…rises           C. whether…rose   D. whether…rise

 

高考链接

1. You can only be sure of         you have at present; you can’t be sure of something    

        you might get in the future.

A. that; what       B. what; /           C. which; that      D. /; that

2. Having checked the doors were closed, and        all the lights were off, the boy opened the door to his bedroom.

A. why              B. that               C. when             D. where

3. Choosing the right dictionary depends on        you want to use it for.

A. what              B. why               C. how             D. whether

4. The seaside here draws a lot of tourists every summer. Warm sunshine and soft sands make

        it is.

A. what             B. which           C. how             D. where

5. I have learned          , no matter what happens and how bad         seems today, life goes on and it will be better tomorrow.

A. that, it            B. it, that           C. it, it               D. that, that

 

6223e345ae959ee379dc91742237c7eb.png预习导学:

(一)话题:English language and its development; different kinds of English

(二)重点词汇:base,  recognize,

(三)重点短语:because of, come up, at present, play a part in, believe it or not, be based on, the same …as…

(四)重点句型:1. Even if + clause

2. the way + 定语从句

3. Such …as

4. This is because…

 

I. 根据句意及所给单词的首字母或汉语提示,写出该单词的正确形式。

1. His work does not reach the _________ (标准).

2. Do you speak Sichuan _____ (方言)?

3. I’ve been studying ______ (西班牙语) for three months.

4. Though he is young, he can speak e_______ English.

5. L_______ always comes before thunder.

6. We can’t get there by bus, so we have to use the s_____.


II. 请用下列词组的适当形式填空。(其中有一项多余)

believe it or not; be expected to; by underground; pay attention to; play an important part; in the way

1. Some people don’t like to go to work ______________.

2. The headmaster ___________________ in the good running of a school.

3. ______________, he is really a foreigner.

4. You will ___________ work on Saturdays.

5. Please ______________ the difference between the two words.


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下一篇:高一英语必修1:English around the world

高一期末考前辅导
标签: 高一 英语 必修1 Friendship (责任编辑:)

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