必修1 Unit 3 Travel journal
1. prefer: vt. 更喜欢；选择某物（而不选择其它事物）
常构成短语：prefer A to B 喜欢A甚于B
prefer to do 更喜欢做某事
prefer to do …rather than do … 宁愿……也不愿……
例: I much prefer classic music to pop music.
Many people who live in cities would actually prefer to live in the country.
I prefer to stay at home rather than go to the cinema with Jane.
常构成短语：persuade sb. to do sth. = persuade sb. into doing sth.
persuade sb. not to do sth. = persuade sb. out of doing sth. 说服某人不做某事
At last he persuaded him to give up the foolish plan.
= At last he persuaded him into giving up the foolish plan.
2) vt. 使某人相信；使某人信服
常构成短语：persuade sb. (of sth. ) / persuade sb. that 使某人相信
We are persuaded of the justice of her case.
How can I persuade you that I am sincere?
While shopping, people sometimes can’t help ______ into buying something they don’t really need.
A. to persuade B. persuading C. being persuaded D. be persuaded
persuade sb. to do sth. 指成功地说服。“说而不服, 或说而无果”，不能直接用persuade, 而应用try to persuade sb. to 或advise sb. to do sth. , 或者用persuade的否定式。
Some of us advised him to change his mind but no one could persuade him to do so.
① I ______ him not to smoke, but he didn’t think it necessary.
A. persuaded B. advised C. hoped D. suggested
② I was able at last to _______my mother to follow my advice.
A. suggest B. advise C. persuade D. leave off
3. finally adv. 最后，终于final adj. 最后的，n. （常用复数）决赛，期末考试
We waited and waited, and the rain finally arrived.
What is the final score of the table tennis single for men?
How are you prepared for your finals?
She put some soil in the box, then sowed the seed carefully, and covered it with more soil. _________she kept the box in the shade.
A. First B. Finally C. Generally D. Gradually
4. determine vt. 决定；确定；下决心
常构成短语：determine sth. 确定某事 determine to do sth. 决定做某事determine + clause 决定做某事 determine + 特殊疑问词+to do sth. 决定……做某事
We should determine the date for the party now.
I determined to go no farther that night.
We haven’t determined where the new school will be built.
They haven’t determined when to leave the Iraq.
Her determined look encouraged everybody there.
His voice was determined; his eyes were flashing.
The soldiers were determined to fight to death.
Mother is determined that I shall go to a key university.
The girl left the school sadly, determined never to come back.
(3) determine to do= be determined to do =make up one’s mind to do= decide to do
They determined to drive the enemy away from their country. =
They were determined to / made up their mind to / decided to drive the enemy away from their country.
① He gave me a _______look and I knew we were sure to win the game.
A. determine B. determined C. determining D. determination
_____________________to go into business when they leave college.
She is a _____________________who always gets what she wants.
答案：① B ② They have made up their minds ③ determined woman