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高一英语必修1:Travel journal

来源:101教育网整理 2019-04-10 字体大小: 分享到:

6223e345ae959ee379dc91742237c7eb.png课程信息:

   

高一

   

英语

   

人教实验版

内容标题

必修1 Unit 3 Travel journal

6223e345ae959ee379dc91742237c7eb.png知识精讲:

(一)重点单词

1. prefer: vt. 更喜欢;选择某物(而不选择其它事物)

常构成短语:prefer A to B 喜欢A甚于B

prefer to do 更喜欢做某事

prefer to do …rather than do … 宁愿……也不愿……

: I much prefer classic music to pop music.

和通俗音乐比起来我更喜欢古典音乐。

Many people who live in cities would actually prefer to live in the country.

很多生活在城市的人实际上更愿意生活在乡下。

I prefer to stay at home rather than go to the cinema with Jane.

我宁愿待在家里也不愿和简去看电影。

注意:prefer的过去式和现在分词分别为:preferred; preferring

2. persuade

1) vt.说服;劝服;

常构成短语:persuade sb. to do sth. = persuade sb. into doing sth.

说服某人做某事

persuade sb. not to do sth. = persuade sb. out of doing sth. 说服某人不做某事

例:

At last he persuaded him to give up the foolish plan.

= At last he persuaded him into giving up the foolish plan.

他终于说服他放弃了那个愚蠢的计划。

2) vt. 使某人相信;使某人信服

常构成短语:persuade sb. (of sth. ) / persuade sb. that  使某人相信

例:

We are persuaded of the justice of her case.

我们确信她对案件的审理是公正的。

How can I persuade you that I am sincere?

怎样才能使你相信我是真心实意的呢?

即学即用:

While shopping, people sometimes can’t help ______ into buying something they don’t really need.

A. to persuade     B. persuading        C. being persuaded       D. be persuaded

答案C

注意:

persuade sb. to do sth. 指成功地说服。“说而不服, 或说而无果”,不能直接用persuade, 而应用try to persuade sb. to advise sb. to do sth. , 或者用persuade的否定式。

例:

Some of us advised him to change his mind but no one could persuade him to do so.

我们很多人劝他改变主意,但没有人成功。

即学即用:

I ______ him not to smoke, but he didn’t think it necessary.

A. persuaded       B. advised         C. hoped            D. suggested

I was able at last to _______my mother to follow my advice.

A. suggest         B. advise          C. persuade        D. leave off

答案BC

3. finally adv. 最后,终于final adj. 最后的,n. (常用复数)决赛,期末考试

We waited and waited, and the rain finally arrived.

我们等啊,等啊,雨最后终于到来了。

What is the final score of the table tennis single for men?

乒乓球男单比赛的最后得分是多少?

How are you prepared for your finals?

期末考试你准备得怎样啊?

即学即用:

She put some soil in the box, then sowed the seed carefully, and covered it with more soil. _________she kept the box in the shade.

A. First                 B. Finally             C. Generally         D. Gradually

答案B

4. determine vt. 决定;确定;下决心

常构成短语:determine sth.  确定某事  determine to do sth. 决定做某事determine + clause  决定做某事  determine + 特殊疑问词+to do sth. 决定……做某事

例:

We should determine the date for the party now.

我们现在就应该定下聚会的日子。

I determined to go no farther that night.

那天晚上我决定不再向前走了。

We haven’t determined where the new school will be built.

我们尚未决定在何处建新校。

They haven’t determined when to leave the Iraq.

他们还没有决定何时离开伊拉克。

知识拓展:

(1) determined为过去分词形式的形容词,意为“坚定的,果断的”,在句中可作定语,表语。

例:

Her determined look encouraged everybody there.

她的坚定的眼神鼓舞了那里所有的人。

His voice was determined; his eyes were flashing.

他声音坚定,目光炯炯。

2determined还可以表示“决定,下决心”,后接不定式或that从句;有时也可作状语。

例:

The soldiers were determined to fight to death.

战士们决心战斗到死。

Mother is determined that I shall go to a key university.

母亲决心让我上好学校大学。

The girl left the school sadly, determined never to come back.

那女孩伤心地离开了学校,决定再也不回来了。

(3) determine to do= be determined to do =make up one’s mind to do= decide to do

例:

They determined to drive the enemy away from their country. =

They were determined to / made up their mind to / decided to drive the enemy away from their country.

他们决定把敌人赶出他们的国家。

即学即用:

He gave me a _______look and I knew we were sure to win the game.

A. determine         B. determined       C. determining      D. determination

他们下定决心大学毕业以后经商。

_____________________to go into business when they leave college.

她是一个坚定的女人,总能达到自己的目的。

She is a _____________________who always gets what she wants.

答案 B   They have made up their minds  determined woman


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