必修1 Unit 4 Earthquakes
Water-pipes often burst in cold weather.
They burst the door open.
a burst of ... 一阵……
a burst of laughter /anger /applause
burst into + n. = burst out + v.-ing 突然做某事
burst into laughter/tears =burst out laughing/ crying
One minute she burst into _____ and the next burst out _____- We just couldn’t catch her mood at any moment.
A. crying, laughter B. tears, laughing
C. tears, laughter D. crying, laughing
(1) n. 毁灭，崩溃，废墟，遗迹
The war brought ruin to the country.
in ruins 破败不堪；成为废墟
The earthquake left the whole town in ruins.
I was ruined by that law case.
It poured with rain and my dress was ruined.
“After World War II, many of the cities across western European countries ________,” our guide said.
A. lied in ruin B. lied in ruins C. lay in ruins D. lying in ruins
3. injure v. 损害，伤害
Smoking will injure your health
injured adj. 受伤的；受损坏的
the injured 受伤的人；伤员
辨析：injure; hurt; wound
What he said hurt me deeply.他说的话使我非常伤心。
It hurts when I move my leg.我的腿一动就疼。
He got wounded in the fighting.他在战斗中受了伤。
He was badly injured in the accident.他在这次事故中受了重伤.
They tried to prevent their cows from ____.
A. injury B. injuring C. being injured D. hurting
(1) n. 震惊，打击，休克
They will get a shock when they get this bill.
The news of his mother’s death was a terrible shock to him.
(2) v. (使）震惊，震动
be shocked at sth. 因……而感到震惊
be shocked to do sth 对做某事感到震惊
It shocks sb. to do sth. ……使某人震惊
He was shocked by what you said.他对你说的话感到震惊。
He was shocked to know his son playing all day. 知道他的儿子整天玩耍他大为震惊。
It shocked me to see how my neighbors treated their children.
All of the people present felt ____ at the ____ news.
A. shocked; shocking B. shocking; shocked
C. shocking; shocking D. shocked; shocked
5. rescue vt.＆n. 营救,援救
come to one’s rescue前来营救某人
rescue …from 把……从……营救/解救出来
They rescued him from danger
The rescue team made ten rescues in a week.
6.bury v. 埋葬;隐藏；使沉浸（或专心于）
She buried her face in her hands and wept.
be buried in sth. / bury oneself in sth. 埋头于或专心致志于某事
In the evenings he buries himself in his books.