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高一英语必修1:Earthquakes定语从句

来源:101教育网整理 2019-04-10 字体大小: 分享到:

(六)先行词指人时,关系代词用who,而不用that的情况。

1. 先行词是one, ones, anyone,宜用who

例:

Anyone who breaks the law should be punished.

任何触犯法律的人都应受到惩罚。

2. 先行词是those,宜用who

例:

Those who want to see the film sign up here.

想去看电影的人在这里签名。

3. 当一个句子中带有两个定语从句时,其中一个从句的关系代词用that,另一个宜用who

例:

The boy that you met at school gate yesterday morning is our monitor who studies very hard.

你昨天早上在学校门口碰见的那个男孩是我们的班长,他学习非常刻苦。

4. 在以there be 开头的句子中。

例:

There are many young men who are against the plan.

有很多年轻人反对这个计划。

即学即用:

Women _______ drink more than two cups of coffee a day have a greater chance of having heart disease than those ________ don’t.

A. who; 不填     B. 不填; who       C. who; who      D. 不填; 不填

答案:C

 

定语从句中需要特别注意的几个问题。

(一)as, which 引导的非限制性定语从句的区别

As is known to all, Edison invented the telephone.

= Edison invented the telephone, as is known to all.

正如大家都知道的那样,爱迪生发明了电话。

He turned out to be very successful, which was more than we could expect.

结果证明他很成功,这一点超出了我们的想象。

分析:as引导的定语从句,既可以放在句首,也可以放在句尾。意思是“正如……”“就像……”

which引导的定语从句,只能放在句尾,意思是“这一点……”。

即学即用:

________ has been announced, we shall have our final exams next month.

A. That                B. As                   C. It                    D. What

Li Yu chun was titled as the top thin beauty in Asia, ____ caused a lot of disagreements in the field of entertainment.

A. that            B. which          C. as                D. it

答案:BB

 

(二)who, which, that 作定语从句的主语时,其谓语取决于先行词。

例:

Those who want to go should put up your hands.

想去的请举手。

He is one of the students who have passed the exam.

他是通过考试的学生之一。

He is the only /very one of the students who has passed the exam.

他是唯一一个通过考试的学生。

即学即用:

He was the very one of the students who      praised at the class meeting.

A. was                 B. were                 C. is                     D. are

I, ____ your good friend, will try my best to help you out.   

A. who is           B. who am         C. that is            D. what is

答案:AB

 

(三)介词+关系代词引导的定语从句。

介词﹢关系代词引导的定语从句, 关键是判断介词的选择.

1. 看定语从句中动词与介词的搭配

例:

The girl for whom he had fought all his life no longer seemed important to him.

他为之而奋斗终生的女孩对他来说似乎已不再重要。

He is the man about whom we were talking just now.

他就是我们刚才谈论的那个人。

2. 根据从句中先行词与介词的习惯搭配

例:

The speed at which wild animals are being destroyed has increased.

野生动物遭破坏的速度在增加。

3. 看定语从句中形容词与介词的搭配

This is the hero of whom we are proud .

这就是那位我们为之自豪的英雄。

注意:

1)关系代词在定语从句中作介词宾语时,关系代词只能用which whom; 不可用that who 代替。

2)该介词通常可以放在关系代词之前,也可放在从句之尾。但有些固定的动介词组不可分割,介词不能提前. 例如:look after, look at, look for, take care of …

例:

I want to find the pen with which I wrote the letter.

Here are the picture-books which the children are looking for.

Here are the picture-books for which the children are looking.


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