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高一英语必修1:Nelson Mandela关系副词引导的定语从句

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6223e345ae959ee379dc91742237c7eb.png课程信息:

   

高一

   

英语

   

人教实验版

内容标题

必修 1 Unit 5 Nelson Mandela关系副词引导的定语从句

6223e345ae959ee379dc91742237c7eb.png知识精讲:

(一)关系副词where引导的定语从句。

where引导的定语从句其先行词往往是表示地点的名词。

例:

China is the only country where wild pandas can be found.

中国是唯一一个能找到野生熊猫的国家。

This is the house where I lived two years ago.

这就是两年前我住的房子。

知识拓展:

1. 关系副词where引导的定语从句可以转换为介词+which引导的定语从句。

例:

The hotel where we stayed wasn’t clean.

The hotel at which we stayed wasn’t clean.

我们住的旅馆很不干净。

The house where LuXun once lived is being repaired now.

=The house in which LuXun once lived is being repaired now.

鲁迅曾经住过的那所房子现在正在修葺。

2. 若定语从句的先行词是地点,但定语从句缺主语或宾语,用whichthat引导定语从句,而不用where来引导。

例:

The library where students often study was on fire last night.

学生们经常在那学习的图书馆昨天晚上失火了。

The library, which was built in the 1930s,needs repairing.

那所建于20世纪30年代的图书馆该修葺一下了。

The library that/ which you visited yesterday was built in 1990.

你昨天参观的图书馆建于1990年。

3. 如果定语从句分别修饰point, situation, stage, conditioncase等表示抽象意义的词,常用where 引导,意思是“到了某种地步,在某种境况中”。但并非所有的情况都如此。

…until today we have reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all.直到今天我们已到了几乎没有任何权利的地步。

The country is in the situation where a war will break out at any time.

国家正处在随时有可能爆发战争的局势中。

I’ve come to the point where I can’t stand him.

我已到了无法忍受他的地步。

—Do you have anything to say for yourself?

—Yes, there’s one point that we must insist on .

—你有没有什么要说的?

—是的,有一点我们必须要坚持。

 

【典型例题】

1. It’s helpful to put children in a situation  _______ they can see themselves differently.学科网(Zxxk.Com)  

A. that            B. when             C. which           D. where学科网(Zxxk.Com)

2. Life is like a long race _____we compete with others to go beyond ourselves.

A. why            B. what             C. that              D. where

3. I have reached a point in my life          I am supposed to make decisions of my own.

A. which          B. where           C. how             D. why 

4. They will fly to Washington, ___ they plan to stay for two or three days.

A. where              B. there              C. which            D. when

答案:D D B A

 

(二)关系副词when引导的定语从句

when引导的定语从句其先行词往往是表示时间的名词。

例:

The time when I first met Nelson Mandela was a very difficult period of my life.

第一次见到纳尔逊·曼德拉的时候,是我一生中非常艰难的时期。

We will put off the outing until next week, when we won’t be so busy.

我们的外出游玩将推迟到下一周, 那时我们就不那么忙了。

知识拓展:

1. 关系副词when引导的定语从句也可以转换为介词+which引导的定语从句。

I still remember the time when (during which ) I lived in the countryside.

我还记得我住在乡下的时候。

I will never forget the days when ( on which ) we worked together.

我永远忘不了我们在一起工作的日子。

2. 若定语从句的先行词是时间,但定语从句缺主语或宾语,则用whichthat引导定语从句。

I’ll never forget the time that / which I spent on campus.

我永远不会忘记我在校园里度过的那一段时光。

I’ll never forget the time that/ which was spent with you.

我永远不会忘记我和你共度的那段时光。

 

【典型例题】

1. Because of the financial crisis, days are gone _____ local 5-star hotels charged 6,000 yuan for one night.

A. if                     B. when             C. which            D. since

2. We went through a period ___ communications were very difficult in the rural areas.

A. which               B. whose              C. in which           D. with which

答案:B C

 

(三)关系副词why 引导的定语从句。

why引导的定语从句其先行词往往是表示原因的名词,如:excuse ; explanation; reason等。

例:

The reason why he didn’t come to the party is that he didn’t want to see Jane.

他没有来参加宴会的原因是他不想见到简。

We can’t accept the excuse why you were absent.

我们无法接受你缺席的借口。

This is the explanation why they put off the meeting.

这就是他们推迟会议的解释。

知识拓展:

1. 关系副词why引导的定语从句可以转换为for +which 引导的定语从句。

This is the reason why ( = for which ) I didn’t come here.

这就是我不来这儿的原因。

2. 若定语从句的先行词是reason,但定语从句缺主语或宾语,则用whichthat引导定语从句。

The reason that/ which she gave was not true.

她给的原因不是真的。

即学即用

1) The reason ________he didn’t come was that he was ill.

2) The reason _________he explained is not true.

答案:1) why  2) that/ which


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