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高一英语必修2:Cultural relics

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6223e345ae959ee379dc91742237c7eb.png课程信息:

   

高一

   

英语

   

人教实验版

内容标题

必修2 Unit 1 Cultural relics

6223e345ae959ee379dc91742237c7eb.png知识精讲:

(一)重点单词

1. survive vt. vi. “幸免,幸存” “比……活得长”。

例:

Only two passengers survived the air-crash.

这次飞机失事只有两名乘客幸免于难。

Few survived after the flood. 洪水过后极少有人生还。

She survived her husband by twenty years. 她丈夫去世后她又活了二十年。

知识拓展:

His doctor said that he had a 50-50 chance of survival.

医生说他有50% 的生存机会。

Major Hawkins was the only one survivor of the crash.

霍金斯上校是这次坠机事件中的唯一生还者。

即学即用:

After the traffic accident, no one _____except a few people who were badly injured.

A. survive             B. survived           C. was survived     D. was surviving

答案:B

2. fancy adj. 奇特的;奇异的 vt. 想象;设想;爱好

例:

I just want a basic sports coatnothing fancy.

我只想要一件简单的运动外衣——不带什么特别装饰的。

I can’t fancy him as (to be) an English teacher. 

我无法想象他教英语会是什么样子。

Fancy meeting you here!  想不到在这儿见到你了!

即学即用:

He usually appears to be honest. Who can fancy _____such a thing?

A. his do              B. his doing          C. his to do           D. doing

答案:B

3. amaze vt 使吃惊;惊讶 amazing adj. 令人吃惊的

What amazes me is that they never get tired.

让我惊奇不已的是他们从来都不会疲倦。

It’s amazing how stupid people can be.

让人吃惊的是人们竟然会如此愚笨。

知识拓展:

amazed adj. “吃惊的;惊奇的”;amazement n.

I am amazed to see you here.

在这儿看见你我感到吃惊。

I am amazed at her knowledge of French literature.

她的法国文学知识之丰富使我大为惊奇。

I am amazed that he didn’t hear me.

真奇怪,他居然没有听我说。

Much to my amazement, she liked the idea.

令我惊奇的是,她喜欢这个主意。

They were shaking their heads in amazement.

他们惊讶得直摇头。

4. remove vt. 移动;搬开;消除;搬家

Please remove your bag from the seat so that I can sit down.

请从座位上拿开你的包以便我能坐下。

When he entered the room, he removed / took off his wet clothes.

他进屋后就脱下了湿衣服。

Mother asked the boy to remove / get rid of the mud from his shoes.

母亲让那个男孩擦掉鞋子上的泥。

They have decided to remove / move to the south.

他们已经决定搬到南方去。

【易混辨析】remove move

removemove都表示“移动”。move是强调位置和姿态的改变;remove强调完全放弃原来的地方而到达新的位置,表示“迁居”时,两者均可。

What do you advise for removing ink mark from my clothes?

要去掉我衣服上的墨迹,你有什么建议?

Who moved my cheese? 谁动了我的奶酪?

We are moving/ removing from London to the country.

我们要从伦敦搬到乡下去。

即学即用:

We tried to _____his doubts and let him _______the truth.

A. remove; tell      B. remove; say      C. remove; speak   D. remove; talk

The boy was ____from school because he often played truant(逃学).

A. gone                B. removed           C. to removed       D. beat

答案:AB

5. doubt怀疑;疑惑

1vt.

He says he can cure me, but I still doubt him/ doubt what he says.

他说他能治好我的病,但我不相信。

He doubts if/ whether she will keep her word.

他不敢肯定她是否会遵守诺言。

Do you doubt that the girl will win the prize?

你怀疑那女孩会得奖吗?

I don’t doubt that Chinese food is the healthiest in the world.

我相信中国的饮食是世界上最健康的饮食。

【归纳】

doubt用作动词,后接宾语从句。在否定句和疑问句中用that 引导;在肯定句中后接由whether / if 引导的从句。

2n.

No/Without / Beyond doubt he didn’t mean to hurt you.   他肯定不是有意伤害你的。

There is no doubt that our experiment will succeed.

毫无疑问,我们的实验会成功的。

There is some doubt whether their football team will win the match.

他们的足球队会不会赢得这场比赛还不确定。

归纳:doubt用作名词,后接从句,在否定句中用that引导;在肯定句中,用whether引导,不用if。常用句型:There is no doubt that …毫无疑问……


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