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高一英语必修2:The Olympic Games

来源:101教育网整理 2019-04-10 字体大小: 分享到:
book_44.745762711864px_1221537_easyicon.net.png课程信息:

   

高一

   

英语

   

人教实验版

内容标题

必修 2 Unit2 The Olympic Games

book_44.745762711864px_1221537_easyicon.net.png知识精讲:

(一)重点单词:

1. compete vi. 比赛;竞争

About 1,000 athletes competed in 20 events.

约有1,000名运动员参加了20个项目的比赛。

He is going to compete against / with his old rival in the second round.

第二回合他将与他的老对手竞争。

They two will compete for the gold medal. 他们两个人将争夺品牌。

知识拓展:

competitor n . 竞争者 competition n. 竞争;角逐

即学即用:

Many competitors compete ______ the game ______ the gold medal.

A. in; for           B. for; in            C. against; in       D. with; for

答案A

2. admit vt. &vi. 接纳;容许;允许进入;承认

Only 200 children were admitted to / into the school every year.

每年只有200名孩子被录取到这所学校来。

The little church can only admit 100 people. 这个小教堂仅能容纳100人。

Every four years athletes from all over the world are admitted as competitors

每四年来自世界各地的运动员作为选手被允许参加奥运会。

He admitted all his mistakes. 他承认了全部错误。

She admits ( to) being strict with her children.

她承认对自己的孩子很严厉。

I admitted that it was very difficult. 我承认事情很棘手。

即学即用:

Tom admitted ______ in the examination and he was not admitted _____ the school at last.

A. to cheat; to       B. cheating; to       C. to cheat; as       D. cheating; as

答案B

3. responsibility n. 责任; 职责

My husband took full responsibility for organizing the trip.

我丈夫全权负责组织这次旅行。

It is your responsibility to check that all doors and windows are locked.

查看所有的门窗是否锁好是你的责任。

Parents need to encourage a sense of responsibility in their children.

家长们必须培养孩子们的责任感。

知识拓展:

responsible adj. 负责;作为原因

Who is responsible for this mess? 谁来为这个烂摊子负责?

Cigarette smoking is responsible for about 90% of deaths from lung cancer.

因患肺癌而死亡者,约90% 是吸烟所致。

即学即用:

One should take ______for what he has done.

A. response           B. respond            C. responsibility    D. responsible

答案C

4. replace vt. 取代;代替;替换;把……放回原处

Can anything replace a mother’s love? 什么东西能取代母爱?

He replaced the book on the shelf after reading.

他看完后把书放回书架。

知识拓展:

They have replaced all the old computers with / by new ones.

他们已经把所有的旧电脑都换成新的了。

Tom has replaced John as captain of the team.

=Tom has taken the place of John as captain of the team.

= Tom has taken John’s place as captain of the team.

汤姆已取代约翰成为该队的队长。

Please take your place. = Please take your seat. 请就坐。

Jane was ill, so I went to the conference in her place/ in place of her.

即学即用:

Will someone _____the broken tire ______a new one?

A. replace; to        B. place; to           C. replace; with     D. place; with

答案C

5. charge

n. 费用;主管

There’s an admission charge of £5. 门票5英镑

Is there a charge for children or do they go free?

孩子们是收费还是免费?

知识拓展:

All goods are delivered free of charge. 一切货物免费送货。

He took charge of the farm after his father’s death. 父亲去世后他掌管了农场。

He was in charge of the shop while the manager was away.

经理不在时,他负责这个商店。

The department will be in the charge of my brother when I leave.

我离开时本部门由我的兄弟主管。

v. 收费;控告

The restaurant charged us $40 for the wine.

饭店收了我们40美元的酒水钱。

He charged me 1.50 for mending the watch.

他让我付了一元五角的修表费。

The man they arrested last night has been charged with murder.

昨晚他们逮捕的那个人被控犯有谋杀罪。

即学即用:

Mr. Smith is ___________the company. That is to say, the company is _____Mr. Smith.

A. in the charge of; in charge of        B. in charge of; in the charge of

C. in the charge of; in the charge of     D. in charge of; in charge of

答案B

6. deserve vi. & vt. 应受(报答或惩罚);值得

Jill deserves a holiday after so much work.

吉尔干这么多工作,应享受一次假期。

The question deserves your attention.这个问题值得你注意。

He has worked very hard and deserves to pass the exams.

他学习很努力,考试及格是应该的。

I think they deserve to be congratulated/ congratulating.

我想他们值得庆贺。

即学即用:

The book deserves ______ a second time.

— Sorry, I can’t follow you clearly.

— I said the article is worth ______again.

A. studying; to study              B. to be studied; to be studied 

C. studying; studying              D. studying; being studied

答案C


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