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高一英语必修2:The Olympic games 被动语态

来源:101教育网整理 2019-04-10 字体大小: 分享到:

book_44.745762711864px_1221537_easyicon.net.png课程信息:

   

高一

   

英语

   

人教实验版

内容标题

必修2 Unit 2 The Olympic games   被动语态

book_44.745762711864px_1221537_easyicon.net.png知识点精讲:

1)语态分类

英语动词有两种语态,主动语态和被动语态。主动语态表示主语是动作的执行者,被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者。

They will build a new bridge over the river. (主动)

A new bridge will be built over the river. (被动)

 

(二)被动语态的构成

由助动词be + 及物动词的过去分词构成。而在汉语中常用“被”、“给”、“由”、“受”等词来表示被动。

 

(三)被动语态常见的几种时态

1. 一般现在时:am / is / are +done    

例:

Rice is grown in the south of our country. 

我国南方种植大米。

We are not allowed to enter the chemistry lab without the teacher’s permission. 

没有老师的允许我们不允许进入化学实验室。

2. 一般过去时:was / were +done  

例:

His lessons were not easily forgotten.

他的课不容易被忘记。

A tall building was put up in my hometown last year.

去年(在)我的家乡建了一座高楼。

3. 一般将来时: shall/ will be+ done

例:

Plenty of jobs will be given to college graduates.

将给大学毕业生提供大量的工作。

Hundreds of jobs will be lost if the factory closes.

如果工厂倒闭的话,将失去许多工作岗位。

4. 过去将来时:would +be+ done

例:

The project would be completed by the end of the year. 

这项工程将于年底完工。

The workers told me that the car would be mended as soon as possible.

工人们告诉我将尽快把汽车修好。

5. 现在进行时:am / is / are + being +done

例:

English lessons are being broadcasted on the radio. 

收音机上正播放英语课程。

The car is being repaired in the garage.

汽车正在修理厂进行修理。

6. 过去进行时:was / were + being + done

例:

Roads were being mended here this time last year. 

去年这个时候这儿正在修路。

A meeting was being held when I arrived there.  

我到那的时候正在开会。

7. 现在完成时:has /have been done

例:

I have been told the sports meet might be put off. 

我被告知运动会有可能要推迟

All the preparations for the task have been completed, and we're ready to start.

这项任务的所有准备工作已经完成,我们要准备开始了。

8. 过去完成时:had been done

例:

When I got to the theatre, I found the tickets had already been sold out.

当我到达电影院时,我发现所有的电影票已经卖完了。

By the end of last year, another new gymnasium had been completed in Beijing.

到去年年底,又一座新体育馆在北京落成。

9. 含有情态动词的被动语态:情态动词+ be+ done

例:

Your compositions must be handed in after class.

你们的作文下课以后必须上交。

The baby should be taken good care of by the baby-sitter.

保姆应当好好地照顾婴儿。

 

即学即用:

     1—Have you moved into the new house?

—Not yet, the rooms _____.

A. are being painted                       B. are painting  

C. are painted                            D. are being painting

2Can such a thing _____ happening again?

A. prevent from                            B. prevented from 

C. be prevented from                       D. to prevent from

3A talk on Chinese history _____ in the school hall next week.

     A. is given            B. has been given   C. will be given       D. gives

4It was reported that the murderer _______ arrested.

A. has been           B. had been           C. has           D. had

5Great changes _______ in China since the People’s Republic of China _______ in 1949.

A. have taken place; was founded                      B. has taken place; was founded

C. have been taken place; founded              D. took place; founded

6If city noises ____ from increasingpeople ____ shout to be heard even at dinner

    Aare not keptwill have to               Bare not kepthave to

    Cdo not keepwill have to                Ddo not keephave to

答案:A C C B A A

 

(四)被动语态的使用

1. 当不知道或没有必要指出动作的执行者时,常用被动语态,这时往往不用by 短语。

例:

My bike was stolen last night.

昨晚我的自行车被偷了。

2. 突出或强调动作的承受者,如果需要说出动作的执行者,用by 短语。

例:

I was given ten minutes to decide whether I should accept the offer.

给我十分钟的时间来决定我是否接受这一提议。

3. 为了更好地安排句子。

例:

The well-known person got on the bus and was immediately recognized by people.

这个名人一上公共汽车,立刻就被人们认了出来。


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