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高一英语期末复习:strike, hit, beat比较

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  strike, hit, beat

  (1) hit vt.

  ① 打;敲;击;击中;射中 He hit a ball over the fence. / The stone hit him on the head.

  ② 使……受到打击 The bad news hit every one hard.

  (2) beat vt. & vi.

  ① 连续有节奏地打;敲

  The rain heat against the window.

  ② (心)跳动 His heart had stopped beating.

  ③ (鸟翼) 扑动

  The bird beat its wings rapidly as it flew on.

  ④ 打败;打赢;取胜

  Our champion can beat all runners in the country.

  (3) strike vt. & vi.

  ① 打;敲;击;砍;打中;击中

  He struck me with his fist.

  The house was struck by lightning.

  ② 发起进攻;袭击

  He moved away as the animal struck.

  ③ 撞;触(礁)

  His head struck the table as he fell.

  ④ 擦(火柴)

  I struck a match and held it to his cigarette.

  ⑤ (某种想法) 忽然出现;忽然想起,相当于occur to。

  A happy thought struck her.

  ⑥ 给人深刻印象(常用于被动语态)

  I was struck by her beauty.

  ⑦ 罢工 They are striking for higher pay.

  ⑧ (钟)敲(响) We waited for the clock to strike six.

  3. complete, finish

  complete 可作形容词,表示“彻底的;全面的”。

  complete与finish表示“完成”时的区别。

  (1) complete 作及物动词,只接 n. 或 pron.,常用于完成预定的任务,工程建设等The railway is not completed yet.

  (2) finish vi. / vt. 指完成,结束一件事情;可接 n. 或doing。如:finish one's homework / middle school / writing the book

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