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2020年英语知识点之被动语态的使用情况

来源:101教育网整理 2020-02-04 字体大小: 分享到:

  如果你觉得现在走的很辛苦,那证明你在走“上坡路”,101教育初中小编整理了2020年英语知识点之被动语态的使用情况内容,以供大家参

  被动语态的使用情况

  (1)当不知道或没有必要指出动作的执行者时,这时往往不用by 短语。

  如:

  “Mr. White, the cup was broken after class. ”

  怀特先生,这只茶杯是下课后被打碎的。

  (2)突出或强调动作的承受者,如果需要说出动作的执行者,用by 短语。

  如:

  These records were made by John Denver.

  这些报道是被约翰·丹佛做的。

  被动语态中谓语动词的基本构成

  be + done

  被动语态的构成

  (1)一般现在时:am / is / are + done。

  如:

  ①People grow rice in the south of the country.

  →Rice is grown in the south of the country.

  稻米在这个国家的南部被种植。

  ②The school doesn’t allow us to enter the chemistry lab without a teacher.

  →We are not allowed to enter the chemistry lab without a teacher.

  我们不被允许在没有老师的情况下进入化学实验室。

  (2)一般过去时:was / were + done。

  如:

  ①They agreed on the building of a new car factory last month.

  →The building of a new car factory was agreed on last month.

  建立一个新的汽车工厂在上个月被一致同意。

  ②The students didn’t forget their lessons easily.

  →Their lessons were not easily forgotten.

  他们的功课没有被轻易遗忘。

  (3)一般将来时:will + be done。

  如:

  ①They will send cars abroad by sea.

  →Cars will be sent abroad by sea.

  汽车通过海路被送到国外。

  ②She will take care of theses children.

  →These children will be taken care of by her.

  那些孩子将由她照顾。

  (4)现在完成时:have / has + been + done。如:

  ①Someone has told me the sports meeting might be put off.

  →I have been told the sports meeting might be put off.

  我已经被告诉会议可能会被延迟。

  ②He has brought his book here.

  →His book has been brought here.

  他的书被带到了这里。

  (5)含有情态动词的被动语态:情态动词+ be+ done。

  如:

  ①You must hand in your compositions after class.

  →Your compositions must be handed in after class.

  你的作文必须在下课之后被上交。

  ②He can write a great many letters with the computer.

  →A great many letters can be written with the computer by him.

  很多信能够被他用计算机写。

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标签: 英语 初中 英语知识点 初中英语语法知识点 (责任编辑: make )
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