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高一英语上册重点语法解析:unit 1 school life

来源:101教育网整理 2020-09-08 字体大小: 分享到:

  牛津译林版高一英语上册第一单元课题是unit 1 school life,本课主要考察的语法是定语从句,以下是101小编从牛津译林版高一英语上册重点语法解析:unit 1 school life,一起来学习吧!

  1. 语法术语及基本概念:

  (1). 先行词: 被定语从句所修饰的那个词。

  (2). 关系代词/关系副词:用来引导定语从句的关联词。

  (3). 定语从句:一个句子用作某一名词或代词的定语时,我们称这个句子为定语从句。被定语从句所修饰的那个词叫先行词。定语从句由关系代词who, whom, whose, that, which 以及关系副词when, where, why来引导,定语从句一般位于先行词之后。

  2. 关系代词的用法:

  (1). 先行词是人,关系代词在定语从句中做主语时,用who或that来引导。 e.g. Do you know the man who / that is standing over there?

  The girl who / that took you to my place is my friend.

  (2). 先行词是人,关系代词在定语从句中做宾语时,用whom或that来引导,但通常可以省略。先行词是人,关系代词在介词后面必须用whom,而且不能省略,也不能用that。

  The boy (whom / that) we saw yesterday is Mr. Wang’s son.

  The old man with whom I often go to the films is my grandfather.

  (3). 先行词是物,关系代词在定语从句中做主语时,用which或that来引导。

  e.g. The train which / that has just left is for Guangzhou.

  The earthquake which / that happened in 1906 was the biggest in American history.

  (4). 先行词是物,关系代词在定语从句中做宾语时,用which或that来引导,但通常可以省略。

  e.g. The bird (which / that) we caught the other day flew away yesterday. The pen with which I am writing was bought in the Shopping Center.

  (4).关系代词whose的用法:

  关系代词whose 意思是“谁的”,“什么的”;它是who和which的所有格形 式,它可以用来引导定语从句,并且在定语从句中做定语,修饰从句的主语或宾语。

  e.g. This is the house whose door / the door of which / of which the door faces east.

  The relative pronouns referring to function in the clause

  who person(s) subject/object

  whom person(s) object

  that person(s)/thing(s) subject/object

  which thing(s) subject/object

  whose person(s)/thing(s)

  (of whom/which) attributive

  以上就是本次整理的高一英语上册重点语法解析:unit 1 school life的全部相关内容了,供参考,大家想了解更多高考相关知识点请关注101教育!赶快关注来学习吧!


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