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人教新课标必修五unit1重难点解析

来源:未知 2013-03-28 字体大小: 分享到:

  一、重点单词用法精解

  1. characteristic n. 特征,特性

  The chief characteristic of human being is that they can think. 人类主要的特征是他们会思考。

  2. expose vt. 暴露,揭发,曝光摄影)

  Don’t expose the baby to the burning sun. 切勿将小孩曝晒。

  注:expose sb/sth to;中的to为介词。

  3. defeat vt. & n. 击败;战胜;

  The army defeated the enemy in the end. 军队最终战胜了敌军。

  Tom suffered the defeat in the English examination. 汤姆英语考试失败了。

  辨析:win的宾语是game, prize等物不是人);beat和defeat的宾语是人;hit;打一下;; beat;连续地)打;;strike ;重击;。

  4. cure vt. & n. 治愈,治疗法

  There is no known cure for AIDS. 还无治疗艾滋病之法。

  It is possible to cure the sickness. 治愈这种疾病还是可能的。

  辨析:cure;治愈;,强调结果;treat;治疗;,强调动作过程;说cure sb of sth. 但说treat sb for sth.

  5. blame vt. 责备,归咎

  The teacher blamed me for my being late for school again. 老师因我又迟到批评了我。

  注:blame sb for sth=blame sth on sb.

  6. backward adj. & adv. 向后

  We turn backwards) then rightwards). 我们向后转然后向右转。

  搭配:a backward turn 向后转

  7. conclude vt. & vi. 结束,总结

  The teacher concluded the class by one sentence. 老师以一句话总结了这节课。

  二、重要词组句型例析

  1.in addition 此外

  In addition, the speaker gave us more information about the topic. 另外,这个演讲者就主题给了我一些信息。

  注:in addition to=besides)是短语介词,后接名词、代词和动名词。

  I visited many places in addition to the Great Wall. 我参观了许多地方,除了长城以外。

  2. apart from除;;以外except for);除;;外,还有besides)

  Apart from being short, Tom is smart. 除了个子矮了点,Tom还是挺帅气的。

  Apart from the cost, it will take a lot of time. 除了花费钱以外,它还需要不少时间。

  3. be strict with sb. 对某人严格

  Father is always strict with his sons. 父亲对子女经常要求严格。

  比较:be strict in sth. 对某事物要求严格

  Teachers are strict in students’ homework. 老师对学生的作业要求严格。

  4. lead to 导致,通向to为介词)

  Hard work leads to success. 努力通向成功。

  All roads lead to Rome. 条条道路通罗马。

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