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高一英语上册Unit1--6语言点

来源:未知 2013-04-08 字体大小: 分享到:

  Unit 1 Good friends

  1. be loyal to 对;;忠诚

  2. It is + adj.表批评或赞扬) + of sb. to do sth. = sb. + be adj. to do sth. 某人做某事是;;

  e.g. It is kind of you to say so.= You are kind to say so.

  3. A good friend is someone who makes me happy.

  make /find +object. +adj. e.g. make our classroom clean; find it useful make sb. do sth.) = have sb. do sth. = get sb. to do sth.

  4. argue with / against sb. argue about / over / on sth. argue with sb. about / over sth.

  argue sb. into/out of +n. 说服某人做/停止做某事

  5. solve the problem 解决问题 solution 名词)

  6. especially ;尤其;特别地;,用来加强语气,常用于所强调的主语、介词短语、形容词及when引导的从句之前。

  7. give reasons for sth. 为某事给出原因

  8. so / neither / nor + 助动词 / 系动词 / 情态动词+主语+动词) 表示与前面情况相同 so+主语+助动词/系动词/情态动词 表示对前面所说情况的赞成或认同 e.g. ①I don’t like enjoy singing, nor / neither do I like computers. ②Rock music is OK, and so is skiing. ③ - He works very hard. - So he does.

  9. hate vt. 憎恶,憎恨;厌恶,很不喜欢,句型为:hate sth. / sb.;hate doing / to do sth.;hate sb. doing / to do sth.

  10. be into =be fond of 对某事有兴趣,喜欢;;

  11. surf the Internet= go on the Internet 上网

  12. all the time 一直,始终

  13. imagine doing sth. 想像做某事

  14. alone adj. 单独的,独自的只能作表语)

  adv. 单独地 e.g. ①She watches TV when she is alone. 独自一人时,她便看电视。

  ②For years Mary lived alone in New York. 玛丽孤身一人在纽约生活了好几年。

  lonely adj. 1. 孤独的,孤寂的 2. 偏僻的,人迹罕至的 既可作表语,也可作定语)

  15. play = act e.g. Tom Hanks plays a man named Chuck Noland.

  16. so...that... 如此;;以至于;;,that在此引导结果状语从句有时可能省略)

  so + adj. / adv. + that; so + adj. + an) + n + that; so few /many + 复数名词 + that; so much /little+不可数名词 + that;

  so加形容词或副词置于句首引起倒装

  区别:such + an) + adj. + n. + that; such + adj. +不可数名词/复数名词注:这里的adj.不能是many, much, few, little,如果加这些形容词,用so;that;)

  17. One day Chuck is on a flight across the Pacific Ocean when suddenly his plane crashes.

  When= at that time/at that moment)是一个并列连词的作用,表示前一个动作正在进行时突然发生此事。多用于句型:be doing;when;,be about to do ;when;,句中is on a flight等于is flying。例如:①He is about to go when the telephone rang。她正要出去这时电话铃响了。 ②I was walking on the street yesterday when I saw an old friend。昨天正在街上走着忽然碰上一个老朋友。#p#分页标题#e#

  18. a deserted island 荒岛

  19. survive: continue to live or exist 幸存;活下来

  e.g. Her parents died in the SARS epidemic, but she survived. 她的双亲在;非典;流行时去世,但是她幸存下来。

  20. all alone = all by oneself 独自地;完全靠自己;独立地

  21. hunt for 搜索;追寻;寻找

  22. make a) fire 生火

  23. in order to 为了;;

  e.g. We started early in order to arrive before dark.为了在天黑前到达,我们很早就动身了

  1) so as to;= in order to...,但前者一般不用于句首 2) 否定式在to前加not 3) 相应的目的状语从句由so that...或in order that...引导

  24. develop a friendship with sb. 与某人发展友谊

  25. even though=even if 即使

  26. treat;as; 把;;看作;;

  27. realizerealize) vt. 认识;明白;实现。

  例: ① I didn't realize this until you told me. 直到你告诉了我才认识到这一点。

  ②Finally I realized what he meant.最后我明白了他的意思。

  ③ In the end he realized his hope for being an artist. 最后他实现了当艺术家的意愿。

  28. share happiness and sorrow 同甘共苦

  share vt.& vi.分担;分享;共同具有/使用

  1)share vt. 常跟名词作宾语,构成的搭配有:share sth. with sb.与某人共享。

  例: ①They share all housework, including washing, cooking and looking after their child.他们分担所有家务,包括洗衣,做饭,看孩子。

  2)share vi. 搭配是: share in...共享;;

  例: ②She shares in my troubles as well as my joys. 她与我同甘共苦。

  3)share n. ;一份;,;份额;

  例: ③We must do our share for

  our country. 我们必须为国家做出一份贡献。

  29. care about 关心,介意,在乎 e.g. It is important to have someone to care about.

  care for 喜欢;照顾 e.g. ①I don’t care for football. ②Would you care for a cup of tea? ③She cares for her sick mother.

  30. should have done 本该做;;而实际上没有做),常含有责备的意味。

  31. make friends with sb. 和某人交朋友

  注意friends〈复数〉)

  32. for example 介词短语,为插入语,可置于句首、句中或句末,用逗号隔开,一般只以同类人或同类事物中的;一个;为例。

  such as 列举同类人或同类事物中的几个例子,放在被列举的事物或名词之前,as不加逗号。

  33. learn a lesson from sb. 接受教训

  34. tell lies/a lie 撒谎,为固定搭配

  35. regard ;as; 把;;当作 be regarded as

  e.g. Many people keep dogs as pets because dogs are regarded as loyal friends to people.

  36. make a difference有差别;有关系

  make no difference没有差别;无关紧要 make a great difference 区别很大;有很大关系#p#分页标题#e#

  37. You guessed it!

  38. have fun玩得愉快 fun n.[U]娱乐,乐趣;玩笑,嬉戏;有趣的人或事物) for / in fun 闹着玩地,不当真地

  39. drop sb. a line给某人写短信

  40. keep...in mind 记住

  41. as short as possible 尽可能简洁

  42. laugh at / make fun of / play a joke on 取笑;嘲笑

  43. in one’s opinion 依;;看来,依;;之见

  语法:

  直接引语和间接引语1)

  当说话人引用别人的话时,可以用别人的原话,也可以用自己的话把别人意思转述出来,引用原话,称为直接引语Direct Speech),否则称为间接引语Indirect Speech)。直接引语通常用引号;;)括起来,间接引语在多数情况下都构成一个宾语从句。课本P178)

  e.g. Lao Yang said: ;I’m not free. ;直接引语)

  Lao Yang said that he wasn’t free .间接引语)

  1. 如果引用的句子原来是一个陈述句,在间接引语中我们要注意下面几点:

  1)在引语的开头用连词that,有时可以省略

  He said, ;Mother, the boy is very naughty.; He told his mother that) the boy was very naughty.

  2)根据意思改变人称

  She said to me), ;Your pronunciation is better than mine. She said that my pronunciation was better than hers.

  3)注意间接引语中的谓语动词时态的变化

  ;Frank, I came to return you the book,; Henry said. Henry told Frank that he had come to return the book.

  Kitty said, ;I’ll call again after supper.; Kitty said that she would call again after supper.

  4)根据意思将指示代词,地点及时间状语作必要的更动

  She said, ;I will come here again tonight.; She said that) she would go there again that night.

  2. 直接引语是一个疑问句变间接引语时,除了注意人称、状语等的变更和时态一致之外,还要注意:

  1)把疑问句语序变为陈述句语序,也就是说要把主语放在谓语的前面。

  He asked, ;How are you getting along?; He asked us how we were getting along.

  2)在这种引语前;that;是永远也不能用的。如果是一般疑问句、选择疑问句或反意疑问句,在引语前要用连词whether或if。

  He asked, ;Are you a Party member or a League member?; He asked me whether I was a Party member or a League member.

  ;You’ve already got well , haven’t you ?; she asked. She asked whetherif)he had already got well .

  选择疑问句不用if,只用whetherwhether;or;搭配,一般不用if)

  3)如果是特殊疑问句,仍用其疑问词作为连接词来引导从句。

  3. 在时态变化时,要注意如果直接引语是客观真理或客观事实,变为间接引语时,时态不用改变。

#p#分页标题#e#

  4. 一般在引述陈述句的间接引语时,用动词said, told;在引述疑问句时,一般用asked, said, wondered等。

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