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英语考点透视与点拨

来源:未知 2013-04-08 字体大小: 分享到:

  1. Traditional diets often have too much fat and too many calories for the 21st-century person. If we want to keep up with the high pace of modern life ...

  Reading)

  [考点1] 形容词traditional在此意为;传统的, 惯例的, 习俗的;,其名词形式为tradition。

  [考例] In _____ Chinese culture, marriage decisions were often made by parents for their children.

  上海2004)

  A. traditional B. historic

  C. remote D. initial

  [点拨] 选A。句意为 ;在中国的传统文化中,子女的婚姻通常由父母决定;。historic意为;历史上著名的或重要的;;remote意为;遥远的, 偏僻的;;initial意为;最初的,开始的,第一个的;,均不合题意。

  [考点2] keep up with意为;跟上,不落后于;。

  [考例] Would you slow down a bit, please? I can’t ______ you.

  北京 2001春)

  A. keep up with B. put up with

  C. make up to D. hold on to

  [点拨] 选A。句意为 ;放慢点,好吗?我跟不上你了;。put up with意为 ;忍受,容忍;;make up to意为 ;讨好, 拍马屁, 献殷勤, 报答;;hold on to意为 ;抓住,抓牢,保持;,均不合题意。

  2. Stores offer all kinds of food and snacks and we have to make many choices.Reading)

  [考点] offer意为;备有;;出售, 出价);。

  [考例] They’ve _____ us £150,000 for the house. Shall we take it? 湖南2004)

  A. provided B. supplied

  C. shown D. offered

  [点拨] 选D。句意为;他们出价十五万英镑买这栋房子,我们接受吗?;。provide意为;提供;; supply意为 ;供应;; show意为;展示;,均与题意不符。另外, provide 和supply常用于以下结构: provide sb. with sth.=provide sth. for sb.; supply sb. with sth.=supply sth. to sb.。

  3. We should also eat carbohydrates, the main fuel for our body, which we can get from bread, rice and noodles. Reading)

  [考点] should表示;应该;,强调现在应该承担的或义务,也可以表示劝告或命令。should have done表示;本来该做某事而实际上没有做;, 其否定形式表示;本来不该做某事却做了;。

  [考例1] I often see lights in that empty house. Do you think I _____ report it to the police? NMET 2004 III)

  A. should B. may

  C. will D. can

  [点拨] 选A。;常看到那个空房子的灯亮着;是一件令人生疑的事情,所以问;我应该向警察报告吗?;。

  [考例2]

  —I’ll tell Mary about her new job

  tomorrow.

  —You ______ her last week.

  福建2004)

  A. ought to tell B. would have told

  C. must tell D. should have told

  [点拨] 选D。句意为;——明天我就告诉玛莉有关她新工作的事情。——你上星期就该告诉她;。#p#分页标题#e#

  4. We ought to learn more about our body and the fuel it needs to keep fit. Reading)

  [考点] ought to的用法和should差不多,只是语气稍重一些。其否定式为ought not tooughtn’t to)。ought to have done同should have done,意为;本应该做某事而没有做;。

  [考例1] There was a lot of fun at yesterday’s party. You ______ come, but why didn’t you? 上海1999)

  A. must have B. should

  C. need have D. ought to have

  [点拨] 选D。句意为;昨天的晚会很有趣。你本应该来,可你为什么没有来呢?;。must have done表示;过去一定做过某事;,是对过去发生情况的肯定推测,不合题意。

  [考例2] Sir, you ______ be sitting in this waiting room. It is for women and children only.

  上海1996)

  A. oughtn’t to B. can’t

  C. won’t D. needn’t

  [点拨] 选A。由;It is for women and children only;可知, 说话者是告诉那位先生;不应该;在此候车室候车。can’t表示;不可能;;needn’t表示;没有必要;。

  5. Only in that way will we be ready for the challenges and opportunities in life. Reading)

  [考点] 副词only放在句首而且强调状语时,句子的谓语动词部分要用部分倒装结构,也就是把谓语动词中的系动词、助动词或情态动词置于主语之前。助动词应根据句子的时态和人称而采用不同的形式。

  [考例] I failed in the final examination last term and only then ______ the importance of studies.

  重庆2004)

  A. I realized B. I had realized

  C. had I realized D. did I realize

  [点拨]选D。and并列的后一分句中,副词only在句首,强调作状语的副词then,所以应用部分倒装结构。then时间状语是一般过去时的标志。

  6. Fruit gives us carbohydrates, which our body and brain use for energy.Integrating Skills)

  [考点] energy意为;精力, 力气,能量;, 通常用作不可数名词。

  [考例] To regain their _____ after an exhausting game, the players lay in the grass. 上海2002)

  A. force B. energy

  C. power D. health

  [点拨] 选B。句意为;在一场筋疲力尽的比赛之后,为了恢复精力,选手们躺在草地上;。 force意为 ;力量,武力;;power意为 ;能力,力量,权力;;health意为 ;健康;,均不符合题意。

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