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关系代词讲与练

来源:未知 2013-04-08 字体大小: 分享到:

  一、关系代词who, whom, whose, which, that引导定语从句的基本用法:

  1. who/whom/that

  三者都可指代人: who作主语, whom 作宾语, that既可以作主语, 又可作宾语。如:

  He is a good teacher who/that is loved by all.

  Here is the man whom) you are looking for.

  注意: ①在口语中, who 可以代替whom作宾语。②关系代词在定语从句中作宾语时, 一般可省略。

  2. whose 可修饰人,也可修饰物; 修饰物时, 可与of which换用,whose在定语从句中作定语。如:

  I saw some trees whose leaves were black with diseases.

  = I saw some trees the leaves of which were black with diseases.

  3. that/which/that/which指代物, 在定语从句中可作主语或宾语。如:

  Emei is a wonderful place which/that is worth visiting.

  The film which/that) we saw last night is wonderful.

  二、须特别注意以下几种特殊情况:

  1. 常用that 不用which的情况:

  ① 先行词为all, anything, everything, nothing, something等时。如:

  I will do all that) I can to help you.

  ② 先行词被序数词、形容词最高级或the only, the very等所修饰时。如:

  He was the only person that joined the army in his village that year.

  ③ 先行词既有人,又有物时。如:

  They talked about the people and the things that)they remembered in the school.

  ④ 当主句是以who 或which开头的疑问句时, 定语从句用that 引导, 以避免重复。如:

  Who is the boy that was here just now?

  2. 若被修饰的名词充当从句介词宾语时, 介词可提前于引导词之前,此时的引导词只能用whom 或which。如:

  The pencil with which he was writing broke.

  3. 当先行词为way时,其后的定语从句用in which或 that引导,也可不用引导词。如:

  I don’t like the way in which/that) he talks to me.

  巩固练习:

  从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  1. To tell the truth, this is the only thing _______ I have in the world.

  A. which B. that C. what D. of which

  2. Everyone was on time for the meeting but Chris, ______ is usually ten minutes late for everything.

  A. that B. which C. who D. whom

  3. George Orwell, _______ was Eric Arthur, wrote many  political novels and essays.

  A. the real name B. what his real name

  C. his real name D. whose real name

  4. It is ______ he said it that surprised me.

  A. the way B. in the way that

  C. in the way D. the way which

  5. The girl to ______ I spoke is one of my old friends.

  A. who B. whom C. that D. which

  Key: 1-5 BCDAB

  

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