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必修3Unit3 课堂导学(人教新课标)

来源:未知 2013-04-08 字体大小: 分享到:

  基础巩固

  一、词汇详解

  1.Now ladies and gentleman,you're about to hear the most incredible tale.

  女士们、先生们,你们将要听到一个最令人难以置信的故事。

  要点提示:

  be about to do sth.意思为;马上就要做某事,正要做某事;,不与表时间的副词或者其他时间状语连用,但是可以用在be about to do sth.when...结构中。

  典型例句:

  What am I to tell her when she finds out?

  一旦她发现了我该怎样对她说呢?

  Sit down everyone.The film is about to start.

  大家坐下,电影马上开始。

  相关链接:

  其他表示将来的用法以及表达方式:

  1)be going to表示现在打算在最近或者将来要做某事,这种打算往往经过事先考虑或者有迹象表明,甚至作了某种准备或者表示非常可能发生。

  Look,the clouds are gathering.It is going to rain.

  看,云正在聚集,要下雨了。

  另外,be going to表示将来,不能用在条件从句的主句中;而will则能,表示意愿。

  If it is fine,we will go fishing.正确)

  If it is fine,we are going to go fishing.错误)

  2) 在表示;带有意愿色彩的将来;时常用will。在询问对方是否愿意或者表示客气的命令时用will,多用第二人称。

  They will call you when they arrive there.

  他们到后,会给你打电话的。

  3)表示拟定或者计划中的行为或职责、义务用be to do。

  We are to meet at the school.

  我们应该在学校集合。

  4)表示即将发生用be about to,不使用表将来的时间状语。

  Be quiet,the film is about to begin.

  安静,电影马上就要开始了。

  5)表示安排或者计划好的将来的行为,可用go,come,leave,start,arrive等动词的现在进行时表示一般将来时。

  The man is coming here in ten minutes.

  那个人10分钟后要来这儿。

  应用探究

  单项填空

  1)—Look at those black clouds,It ______ soon.Let’s go to the room.

  —Sure.If only we ______ out.

  A.is raining;didn’t

  B.is to rain;won’t

  C.will rain;haven’t

  D.is going to rain;hadn’t been

  解析:天要下雨,不是有计划的,B、C两项不可用;答语的第二分句表示后悔,意思是;要是不出来该有多好;,用虚拟语气,故选D项。

  答案:D

  2)I ______ swim when I saw a sign written by the police that meant children under 18 are not allowed to swim without the adults guidance.

  A.was about to

  B.would

  C.was going to

  D.was to#p#分页标题#e#

  解析:本句的主要意思是;正当我要游泳时,我看到了;;;。B、C、D三项都表示过去将来时,但A项表示更近的将来,意思是;正要、即将;,所以选A项。

  答案:A

  3)If a man ______ get success in the future,he must devote himself to what he does.

  A.will

  B.is to

  C.is going to

  D.should

  解析:第一分句的意思是说一个人在将来要成功可能成功)的话,该如何去做。这里并不是纯粹的表示将来,而且表示一种职责可能会做到,只有B项满足这一含义。故选B项。

  答案:B

  美诗欣赏

  Beauty

  Beauty is in seen

  In the sunlight,

  The trees,the birds,

  Corn growing and people working

  Or dancing for their harvest.

  2.Good morning,sir,would you please come in?Permit me to lead the way,sir.早晨好,先生,请进。先生,请让我来带路吧。

  要点提示:

  permit v. 许可,准许;相当于allow。

  常有下列用法:permit sb.to do sth.,permit+n./pron./doing。

  典型例句:

  We don’t permit smoking in the meeting room.

  我们不允许在会议室抽烟。

  Will you permit me to buy this kind of books?

  你能允许我买这种书吗?

  相关链接:

  permit也作名词,意为;通行证、许可证;;permission许可。

  Do you pass the driving test and get a permit?

  你是否通过了驾驶测试并拿到了驾照?

  You may have my permission to the church.

  我允许你到教堂去。

  填空

  填入正确的动词形式

  1)The lake is a very dangerous for young children,of course I don’t allow anyone ______ swim).

  2) We don’t permit ______ play) basketball in the playground between six and ten in the morning.

  3)Today the patients can have the doctor’s ______ permit) to go home.

  4)Time _______ permit),we’ll go to have a picnic at the top of the hill.

  5)You can’t enter a military base without a _______ permit).

  答案:1)to swim 2)playing 3)permission 4) permitting 5)permit

  3.As a matter of fact,I landed in Britain by accident.

  实际上,我在英国上岸是偶然的。

  要点提示:

  by accident相当于 by chance,意思是;偶然、无意;。

  典型例句:

  He was fined for exceeding the speed limit by accident.

  他因无意中超速被罚款。

  相关链接:

  accident 指意外事故或者偶然发生的事件,一般指不幸的事故,特别是车祸、灾害等。

  incident 多指较小事件、小插曲或者人生中所遇到的虽然小但是有较深印象的平凡事情,也可以指外交和政治方面的重大事件。incident也可以为形容词,意思为;常见的;附带的;,后面跟介词to。#p#分页标题#e#

  event重大的、引人注目的事件。

  occurrence 表;事件;,通常指日常生活中发生的出乎意料的事情。例如:

  He told me an incident that took place on his first day.

  他告诉我他第一天所发生的事情。

  The reporters cover the events every day.

  101教育小编每天采访事件。

  单项填空

  As is well known to all,head injury is ______ to the motorbike ______.So it is necessary for the motorbike driver to be careful when driving.

  A.an incident;incident

  B.accident;accident

  C.accident;incident

  D.incident;accident

  解析:在摩托车事故中,常有头部受伤的事发生。incident此处为形容词,意思为;常见的、附带的;;accident 指意外事故,一般指不幸的事故,特别是车祸、灾害等。

  答案:D

  完成句子

  A:In some big cities during cold winters,many aged people die from the polluted air by chance.

  B:In some big cities during cold winters,many aged people die from the polluted air .

  答案:by accident

  4.Now,if you’ll excuse me,I think I’ll be on my way.

  好了,如果原谅我,我想我应该上路了。

  要点提示:

  excuse v.原谅人、行为),宽恕,后面跟名词作宾语。

  excuse 常有如下用法:excuse+sb./sth.+for doing sth.或者excuse one’s doing sth.。

  excuse n.辩解,辩白,借口。后面跟介词for作后置定语。

  典型例句:

  He made a good excuse for breaking the regulations.

  他违反规定,却提出堂皇的理由辩解。

  A bad excuse is worse than no excuse.

  与其作差劲的辩解,不如不辩解。

  I will excuse your hurrying to leave the classroom.

  这次我原谅你匆忙离开教室。

  The Chinese teacher excused him for being late.=The Chinese teacher excused his being late.

  语文老师原谅他的迟到。

  Excuse me for hurting your finger by accident.

  原谅我碰巧弄伤了你的手指。

  相关链接:

  表示;对不起;的几种形式:

  Excuse me用于要走开、插话、问候或表示异议的场合;I am sorry表示自己有过失、用于道歉时,比I beg your pardon更灵活,更具有诚意;Please forgive me是书面语,很正式,一般用在对方情绪难以平息的时候。

  选择

  根据故事语境选择短语:

  Excuse me?

  I am sorry.  Pardon?

  1)An little girl comes to the city for the first time,and she loses her way to the bus station.Luckily she sees a policeman standing on the road.Then she comes near and says,;_____,can you tell me the way to the bus station,please?;

  2)In the shop,an old woman buys eggs.She asks:;What’s the price?; ;Four yuan one jin.;says the shop assistant in a low voice.;_____ Please say again,there is something with my ear;.;Four yuan one jin.;the shop assistant says in a so high voice that the other people all watch them two.#p#分页标题#e#

  3)Little Jim broke the bottle.An hour later,mother came in and asked ;Who did it?;Tom said ;_____.It is I who did it.;

  答案:1)Excuse me 2)Pardon? 3)I am sorry

  5.I earned my passage by working as an unpaid hand,which accounts for my appearance.

  我靠做义工来顶替船费,这就是我为什么衣冠不整的原因了。

  要点提示:

  account for对;;做出解释;做某事的解释;解释某事物的原因。

  典型例句:

  Please account for your own behavior.

  请你对自己的行为作出解释。

  相关链接:

  by/from all accounts 根据大家的说法

  make much/little/no account of对;;非常重视/轻视/忽视

  on account of为;;的理由,为;;的缘故

  on no account决不

  take...into account对;;加以考虑

  介词填空

  1)Recent pressure at work may account ______ his strange behavior.

  2) ______ no account must you be able to give the police an accurate description of the young fellow working in my company.

  3)The late headmaster did not take our basic needs ______ account.

  4)—What a surprise!The train was late.

  —You see,it is snowing.The train were delayed on account ______ the snow.

  答案:1)for 2)On 3)into 4)of

  6.Mr Adams,not until 2 o’clock.Promise?

  亚当斯先生,两点钟以前不要拆信,答应吗?

  要点提示:

  promise vt.允诺,承诺;预示

  典型例句:

  He has promised to behave better henceforth.

  他答应从今以后要表现得好些。

  This year promises to be another good one for harvests.

  今年看来又是一个丰收年。

  相关链接:

  promise n.诺言,预兆,预示

  注意:promise表;许诺、诺言;时,是可数名词;表;希望;预兆,预示;时,是不可数名词。promising有希望的。

  完成句子

  1)A:I made my promise that I help him no matter what happened.

  B:I ______ ______ help him ______ happened.

  2)A:They are a group of writers of promise in this area and they will go to Beijing for the further study.

  B:They are a group of ______ writers in this area and they will go to Beijing for the further study.

  答案:1)promised to;whatever

  2)promising

  7.Well,to be honest,I have none.

  哦,老实说,我一分钱都没有了。

  要点提示:

  to be honest是不定式,但是有时不定式在句子中作为独立结构出现,用来说明说话人的态度。一般来讲,人们已经把这些不定式作为固定词组、固定搭配来运用。

  典型例句:

  To be honest,Miss Wang love you all the time even if you desert her.#p#分页标题#e#

  坦白说,即使你抛弃王小姐,她仍然一直爱你。

  To be honest,he stole your book.

  老实告诉你,他偷走了你的书本。

  相关链接:

  to tell you the truth说句老实话

  To tell you the truth,I don’t think the film is good.

  说句老实话,我认为这部电影并不好。

  to be fair说句公道话

  To be fair,it is not all his fault.

  说句公道话,这不全是他的错。

  to be frank坦率地说

  To be frank,you are lying.

  坦率地说,你在说谎。

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