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情态动词真题点击与练习

来源:未知 2013-04-08 字体大小: 分享到:

  情态动词是高考考查的重点语法项目之一,下面就近几年来高考试题中出现的情态动词的考点进行归纳分析,以便同学们复习掌握。

  一、情态动词表推测

  1. 肯定的推测一般用must, should, maymight)或could不用can),其中,must的语气最强,译为;肯定;、;准是;、;想必是;;should的语气次之,译为;很可能;、;应该;,指按常理推测;maymight),could的语气最弱,译为;也许;、;可能;。

  ①Helen _______ go on the trip with us but she isn’t quite sure yet. 2005年安徽卷)

  A. shall B. must C. may D. can

  ②—I’ve taken someone else’s green sweater by mistake.

  —It ___ Harry’s. He always wears green. 2005年广东卷)

  A. has to be B. will be C. mustn’t be D. could be

  ③I have lost one of my gloves. I _______ it somewhere.2005年北京春季卷)

  A. must drop B. must have dropped

  C. must be dropping D. must have been dropped

  ④If I ____ plan to do anything I wanted to ,I’d like to go to Tibet and travel through as much of it as possible. 2005年湖北卷)

  A. would B. could C. had to D. ought to

  2. 否定推测分为两种情况:

  1)语气不很肯定时,常用may not, might not或could not,译为;可能不;、;也许不;。

  You might just as well tell the manufacturer that male customers ______ not like the design of the furniture. 2004年上海春季卷)

  A. must B. shall C. may D. need

  2)否定语气较强时,则用can’t,译为;根本不可能;、;想必不会;,表示惊异、怀疑的感情色彩。

  ①—Do you know where David is? I couldn’t find him anywhere.

  —Well. He ______ have gone far——his coat’s still here.2005年湖北卷)

  A. shouldn’t B. mustn’t C. can’t D. wouldn’t

  ②— Isn’t that Ann’s husband over there?

  — No, it _______ be him I’m sure he doesn’t wear glasses. 2004年全国卷Ⅰ)

  A. can’t B. must not C. won’t D. may not

  3. 疑问句中的推测,往往用can或could。

  Mr. Bush is on time for everything. How ______ it be that he was late for the opening ceremony?2001年上海春季卷)

  A. can B. should C. may D. must

  4. 对已发生事情的肯定推测常用;must, may, might等+完成式;;否定推测常用;can, could, may, might等+完成式;。

  ①I was on the highway when this car went past followed by a police car. They _______ at least 150 kilometers an hour.2005年重庆卷)

  A. should have been doing B. must have been doing

  C. could have done D. would have done

  ②He _______ have completed his work; otherwise, he wouldn’t be enjoying himself by seaside. 2005年北京卷)#p#分页标题#e#

  A. should B. must C. wouldn’t D. can’t

  ③—Tom is never late for work. Why is be absent today?

  —Something ________ to him. 2005年江西卷)

  A. must happen B. should have happened

  C. could have happened D. must have happened

  ④ My sister met him at the Grand Theatre yesterday afternoon, so he_____ have attended your lecture.2000年上海卷)

  A. couldn’t B. needn’t C. mustn’t D. shouldn’t

  二、;情态动词+完成式;

  1. ;shouldought to)+完成式;表示本应该做某事而实际上没有做。其否定式表示某种行为不该发生但却发生了。

  ①—I’ll tell Mary about her new job tomorrow.

  — You________ her last week. 2004年福建卷)

  A. ought to tell B. would have told

  C. must tell D. should have told

  ②Oh, I’m not feeling well in the stomach, I _____ so much fried chicken just now. 2002年上海春季卷)

  A. shouldn’t eat B. mustn’t have eaten

  C. shouldn’t have eaten D. mustn’t eat

  2. ;could+完成式;表示本来能够做成某事的但结果没能做成,含有遗憾的意味。

  He paid for a seat, when he ______ have entered free. 2005年山东卷)

  A. could B. would C. must D. need

  3. ;needn’t+不定式的完成式;表示本来不必做某事而实际上做了某事。例如:

  You needn’t have watered the flowers, for it is going to rain.你本不需要浇花的,因为天就要下雨了。

  — Catherine, I have cleaned the room for you.

  — Thanks. You ______ it. I could manage it myself. 2005年福建卷)

  A. needn’t do B. needn’t have done C. mustn’t do D. shouldn’t have done

  三、常见的情态动词

  1. shall用于一、三人称疑问句表示征求对方意见;用于二、三人称陈述句表示说话人给对方的命令、警告、允诺或威胁等。

  ①;The interest be divided into five parts, according to the agreement made by both sides,; declared the judge. 2004年重庆卷)

  A. may B. should C. must D. shall

  ②—Excuse me, but I want to use your computer to type a report.

  — You ______ have my computer if you don’t take care of it. 2004年湖南卷)

  A. shan’t B. might not C. needn’t D. shouldn’t

  ③ — The room is so dirty. ______ we clean it?

  — Of course. 2003年北京春季卷)

  A. Will B. Shall C. Would D. Do

  2. must用于疑问句,表示责备、抱怨的感情色彩,意思为;偏偏,偏要;;mustn’t表示禁止,是说话人强有力的劝告。

  ①John, look at the time. _______ you play the piano at such a late hour? 2005年全国卷Ⅲ)#p#分页标题#e#

  A. Must B. Can C. May D. Need

  ②Tom, you leave all your clothes on the floor like this!2005年全国Ⅰ)

  A. wouldn’t B. mustn’t C. needn’t D. may not

  3. needn’t表示;没有必要;。

  — Lucy doesn’t mind lending you her dictionary.

  — She ______. I’ve already borrowed one. 2005年湖南卷)

  A. can’t B. mustn’t C. needn’t D. shouldn’t

  4. would表示过去反复发生的动作或某种倾向。

  When he was there, he ___ go to that coffee shop at the corner after work every day.1996年上海卷)

  A. would B. should C. had better D. might

  5. 表示经过努力而成功的某一次动作,只能用was/were able to,而不能用could。

  The fire spread through the hotel very quickly but everyone _____ get out. 1997年全国卷)

  A. had to B. would C. was able to D. could

  6. 考查情态动词用作答语的情况

  ①—Write to me when you get home.

  — _______. 2001年北京春季卷)

  A. I must B. I should C. I will D. I can

  ② — Could I call you by your first name?

  —Yes, you ______. 1998年上海卷)

  A. will B. could C. may D. might

  巩固练习:

  1. Michael ______ be a policeman, for he is much too short.

  A. needn’t B. can’t C. should D. may

  2. I told Sally how to get here, but perhaps I ____ for her.

  A. had to write it out B. must have written it out

  C. should have written it out D. ought to write it out

  3. Jack _____ yet, otherwise he would have telephoned me.

  A. mustn’t have arrived B. shouldn’t have arrived

  C. can’t have arrived D. needn’t have arrived

  4. Sir, you ______be sitting in this waiting room. It is for women and children only.

  A. mustn’t B. can’t C. won’t D. needn’t

  5. A left-luggage office is a place where bags _______ be left for a short time, especially at a railway station.

  A. should B. can C. must D. will

  6. — Is John coming by train?

  — He should, but he _____ not. He likes driving his car.

  A. must B. can C. need D. may

  7. It has been announced that candidates _______ remain in their seats until all the papers have been collected.

  A. can B. will C. may D. shall

  8. You can’t imagine that a well-behaved gentleman ______ be so rude to a lady.

  A. might B. need C. should D. would

  9. —Don’t forget to come to my birthday party tomorrow. —_______.

  A. I don’t B. I won’t C. I can’t D. I haven’t

  10. I didn’t see her in the meeting-room this morning. She____ at the meeting.#p#分页标题#e#

  A. mustn’t have spoken B. shouldn’t have spoken

  C. needn’t have spoken D. couldn’t have spoken

  例题答案

  Key: C D B B Key: C Key: C A Key:A Key: B B D A Key: D C

  Key:A Key: B Key: D A B Key: A B Key: C Key: A

  Key:C Key:C C

  练习答案与解析

  1. B 从第二个分句;他太矮了;可以推知说话者持否定态度,needn’t意思是;没有必要;,与语境不符。

  2. C 根据句意;我已经告诉她怎样到那儿,但是或许我应该给她写下来;可知,说话者含有;后悔、遗憾;的意味,应使用;情态动词+完成式;形式,;must+完成式;表示对过去的肯定推测,;should+完成式;才表示虚拟意义。

  3. C 根据第二分句;否则的话他就会给我打电话了;可知;Jack肯定还没到;,;can’t+完成式;意思是;根本不可能;。

  4. A 从第二分句可知,这是妇女和儿童专用候车室,因此你;不准;坐在这儿。mustn’t表示;禁止,不准;。

  5. B can在此表示许可。

  6. D 从后一句;他喜欢开车;可知说话者把握不大。must not不表示推测,can not的语气太绝对,意思是;根本不可能;。

  7. D shall用于第二、三人称,表示说话人给对方的命令、警告、允诺、威胁等意思。

  8. C should在此表示惊讶的感情色彩,意思是;竟然;。

  9. B 对祈使句的肯定回答用I will;否定回答用I won’t。

  10. D 根据句意;我今天上午在会议室没见到她;, 所以;她根本不可能在会上发言;。表示;根本不可能;用can’t/couldn’t have done形式。

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