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高一英语重点词语用法3

来源:未知 2013-04-08 字体大小: 分享到:

  1.reach 的用法

  reach [ri:tM] vt. 到达,抵达。表示到达之意的还有 arrive at in) , get to等。例如:

  ① The president reached Beijing by special plane yesterday.

  总统昨天乘专机到达北京。

  ② We reached here Thursday morning. 我们是星期四早晨到达这里的。

  ③ Dr Bethune arrived in Yanan in the spring of 1938.

  白求恩大夫于1938年春到达延安。

  ④ When did you arrive in Europe? 你何时到达欧洲?

  ⑤ She was always the first to arrive at the workshop.

  她总是第一个来到车间。

  ⑥ They arrived at the station at two o'clock. 他们两点钟来到车站。

  ⑦ We must get to the airport before 8.我们必须在八点钟前到机场。

  ⑧ When did you get home yesterday? 你昨天什么时候到家的?

  ⑨ ;When did the train arrived?; ;Half an hour ago.;

  火车何时到达的?半小时之前。

  【注意】在指到达一个洲、国家、城市等大地方时,arrive后多用in;而在指到达一个小地方时,多用at。但如将一个城市当作一个点看待,也可用at。例如:

  ① Mary arrived in Shanghai last month. 玛丽上月到达上海。

  ② We arrived at the small village in the evening. 我们傍晚到达那个小村庄。

  ③ The train arrived at Jinan at ten o' clock. 火车十点钟抵达济南站。

  2.discover 的用法

  discover [dis'k)v+] vt.

  发现已存在但并不为人所知的事,通常指地方或科学事实);知道。discover的基本用法如下:

  1)跟名词或代词:

  ①It was Madame Curie who discovered the element radium.

  是居里夫人发现了镭元素。

  ② Columbus discovered America in 1492.哥伦布于1492年发现了美洲。

  2)跟从句:

  ① It was discovered that our food was running short.

  我们发现粮食快完了。

  ② We discovered that he was an enemy spy. 我们发现他是一名敌特。

  3)跟带连接词的不定式:

  ① We never discovered how to open the box. 我们找不出打开盒子的方法。

  4)跟复合宾语:

  ① We discovered him to be an enemy spy. 我们发现他是一名敌特。

  ② We discovered them sitting around a fire talking.

  我们发现他们围坐在篝火旁谈话。

  3.both [b+uI] 的基本用法

  1)both

  用作连词。通常与and连用,构成;both;and;;形式,意为;;;和;;两者都;,使用时,both和and后面一般都跟着相同词类的词。例如:

  ① She both plays the piano and sings. both+ 动词+ and+ 动词)

  她既弹钢琴,也唱歌。

  ② She plays both the piano and the guitar.#p#分页标题#e#

  both+名词;and+名词)

  她既弹钢琴,也弹吉他。

  2)both用作代词。常位于连系动词之后,或实义动词之前;但若当动词是由几个部分组成时,both则放在第一个助动词之后。此外,它可用作主语。如:

  ①They are both absent. 同位语)他们俩都缺席。

  ②They both agree to stay. 同上)他们俩都同意留下来。

  ③We have both studied French.

  我们两个人都学习过法语。

  3)both还可作形容词。其用法和either相似,但both后面接复数名词,either后面只接单数名词。如:

  ①New cities came into being on both sides of the Great Wall.

  =New cities came into being on either side of the Great Wall.)

  长城的两边出现了崭新的城市。

  4)both的全部否定,应用neither或not;either;而both;not却是部分否定。如:

  ①Neither of them was in good health, but both worked very hard.

  =Either of them was not in good health, but both worked very hard.)

  他们俩身体都不好,但都努力地工作。 ②Both of them are not teachers. 他们俩并非都是教师。

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