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必修1第5单元难句讲解

来源:未知 2013-04-08 字体大小: 分享到:

  1. The time when I first met Nelson Mandela was a very difficult period of my life.我初次

  遇到纳尔逊?曼德拉是在我一生的一个非常困难的时期。

  when在句子中引导的是时间定语从句。when指时间,在定语从句中做时间状语:

  1) I still remember the day when I first came to the school.

  2) The time when we got together finally came.

  2. ;my family could not continue to pay the school fees and the bus fare. 我的家人不能继续为我支付学费和公交费用。

  [词义辨析] fee and fare

  fee 职业性的咨询或服务所收)费用,报名费,会费。如doctor’s fees/a membership fee

  fare 车、船等)费用,购票所需费用。如:

  *Train fares are going up again.

  *Urban crowdedness would be greatly relieved if only the charges_____ on public transport were more reasonable. A) fees B) fares C) payments D) costs

  译文:只要公共交通的收费更合理一些,城市的拥塞情况就可大大缓解。答案是B。

  3. ;we have reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all.我们到达了一个完全没有权利的地步。

  关系副词where在本句中引导的是地点定语从句。关系副词when, where, why的含义相当于;介词+ which;结构,因此常常和;介词+ which;结构交替使用,例如:

  There are occasions when on which) one must yield.任何人都有不得不屈服的时候。

  Beijing is the place where in which) I was born. 北京是我的出生地。

  Is this the reason why for which) he refused our offer? 这就是他拒绝我们帮助他的理由吗?

  4. ;only then did we decide to answer violence with violence. 只是在那时我才决定以暴制暴。

  句首出现only then,谓语部分要部分倒装。

  1) 句首为否定或半否定的词语,如no, not, never, seldom, little, hardly, at no time, in no way, not until; 等。Never have I seen such a performance. Nowhere will you find the answer to this question. Not until the child fell asleep did the mother leave the room.

  2) 当Not until引出主从复合句,主句倒装,从句不倒装。

  3) 注意: 如否定词不在句首不倒装。I have never seen such a performance. The mother didn't leave the room until the child fell asleep.

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