高一期末考试1v1

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with结构分析

来源:未知 2013-04-08 字体大小: 分享到:

  With是个介词,基本的意思是;用;,但它也可以协助构成一个极为多采多姿的句型,在句子中起两种作用;副词与形容词。

  with在下列结构中起副词作用:

  1.;with+宾语+现在分词或短语;,如:

  1) This article deals with common social ills, with particular attention being paid to vandalism.

  2.;with+宾语+过去分词或短语;,如:

  2) With different techniques used, different results can be obtained.

  3) The TV mechanic entered the factory with tools carried in both hands.

  3.;with+宾语+形容词或短语;,如:

  4) With so much water vapour present in the room, some iron-made utensils have become rusty easily.

  5) Every night, Helen sleeps with all the windows open.

  4.;with+宾语+介词短语;,如:

  6) With the school badge on his shirt, he looks all the more serious.

  7) With the security guard near the gate no bad character could do any thing illegal.

  5.;with+宾语+副词虚词;,如:

  8) You cannot leave the machine there with electric power on.

  9) How can you lock the door with your guests in?

  上面五种;with;结构的副词功能,相当普遍,尤其是在科技英语中。

  接着谈;with;结构的形容词功能,有下列五种:

  一、;with+宾语+现在分词或短语;,如:

  10) The body with a constant force acting on it. moves at constant pace.

  11) Can you see the huge box with a long handle attaching to it ?

  二、;with+宾语+过去分词或短语;

  12) Throw away the container with its cover sealed.

  13) Atoms with the outer layer filled with electrons do not form compounds.

  三、;with+宾语+形容词或短语;,如:

  14) Put the documents in the filing container with all the drawers open.

  四、;with+宾语+介词短语;,如:

  15) The young lady with a red ribbon on her head is my former maths teacher.

  16) Do you know the gentleman with both hands in his pockets?

  五、;with+宾语+副词虚词,;如:

  17) Is there any water in the kettle with this cover off ?

  18) Out went the boy scouts with their uniforms on.

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