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高中常见英语近义词辨析

来源:未知 2013-04-08 字体大小: 分享到:

  1. imagine vt. form a picture of in the mind;think of sth.) as probable:想象;认为某事)可能发生或存在。宾语为名词、代词、动名词、从句。宾语从句为否定意义时,要用否定转移,与think, believe, suppose, expect用法相同,成为I/ We don’t imagine;,意为;我们)认为;;不;;如:We can imagine her sadness.我们可以想象她的悲伤。I didn’t imagine my) becoming a teacher in my childhood.在童年时代,我并未想象能成为一名教师。Can you imagine how much I was surprised to hear the news?你能想象我听见这个消息有多惊讶吗?I don’t imagine so. = I imagine not.我认为不是这样。

  imagine, guess, suppose

  imagine意为;想象,幻想;,指在脑海中形成一个清晰明确的印象,或认为某事物可能发生或存在;

  guess: form an opinion, give an answer, make a statement, based on supposition, not on careful thought, calculation, or definite knowledge: ;猜测,臆测;,指未知道前的猜测;

  suppose: let it be though that; take it as a fact that:认定,假定; guess; think: ;想象,推测;,意指;假定或假设中的情形;。

  2. shake, tremble

  shake: move, be moved, quickly or violently up and down, forwards and backwards: 最普通用词,可指人或物 ;摇动,发抖;。指人时常用于感情激动、寒冷、惧怕引起的身体颤动。在表示 ;因;;而颤抖;时,多用with。在表示 ;使受震撼,使信念等)动摇;,常用于be shaken by/with/at中。

  tremble: shake involuntarily with fear, anger, cold, physical weakness, etc.) 颤栗,震颤,发抖因恐惧,愤怒,寒冷,体弱等),常常与shake相互替换,但指握手,摇头或捧腹大笑时用 shake, tremble只用作不及物动词。如:The poor boy was shaking with cold.这个孩子正冻的发抖。They were badly shaken by the news.他们对这个消息大为震惊。The host shook hands with all the guests.主人跟所有的客人握手。Her voice was trembling with anger.她气的声音发抖。

  3. rise, raise

  rise vi. of the sun, moon, stars, river, price, temperature, etc.) appear above the horizon:指自然;上升;,常用于日、月、云、霞、烟、水蒸气、物价、温度、河水、潮水及人的职位等:He rose from his chair and began his speech.他从椅子上站起来开始了他的演说。Her temperature is still rising.他的体温还在上升。He has risen in rank.他已经升职了。

  raise vt. 1. lift up; move from a lower) to a higher) level; cause to rise: 外部的力量,;举起、提高;: The people’s living standard has greatly been raised.人民的生活水平已大大的提高了。 2.grow or produce crops); breed sheep, etc.); bring up a family: 饲养、种植;、养育、抚育: They can raise rice here.他们这儿能种水稻。

  4. burst into / burst out : send out suddenly; break out into; suddenly begin to ;;#p#分页标题#e#

  burst into + doing: She burst into tears. = She burst out crying.她突然哭起来了。

  burst out + n.:All of them burst into laughter = All of them burst out laughing.他们全都大笑起来了。

  5. destroy, ruin, damage

  destroy: break to pieces; make useless; put an end to: 毁灭;摧毁;毁坏;破坏。表示在肉体上、精神上或道义上彻底摧毁,使之无法复原,也可以表示对某物体进行完全的毁坏: All his hopes were destroyed.他所有的希望都毁灭了。An atom bomb would destroy a city. 一颗原子弹可以摧毁一座城市。

  ruin: sth. which has decayed, been destroyed, etc.:败坏,毁坏,崩溃的状态。 指对物体或生命彻底的破坏,但往往是非暴力的,也往往不是一次的打击结果,常指对美好的或希望中的事物的破坏: Smoking ruined his health.吸烟毁了他的健康。She ruined his prospects.她毁了他的前途。

  damage: harm or injury that causes loss of value: 损害;损毁使失去价值)。一般指对物体或生命的局部损坏:Their houses were damaged by the enemy’s shellfire.他们的房屋被敌人的炮火击毁了。

  6. hurt, wound, injure

  hurt: cause bodily injury or pain to; damage; pain a person, his feeling): 使受伤;使疼痛;伤害; 使伤心。一般用语,即可指肉体上的伤害,也可指精神上的伤害,还可用作不及物动词,意为;疼痛、惹起痛苦;: What he said hurt me deeply.他说的话使我非常伤心。

  wound: hurt or injury to the living tissue of the body, caused by cutting, shooting, tearing, etc., esp. as the result of attack: 指外伤,如枪伤、刀伤、剑伤,尤指在战争中,战斗中受伤: He got wounded in the fighting.他在战斗中受了伤。

  injure: hurt; damage, esp. for result of an accident;一般指由于意外或事故而受伤。如:He was badly injured in the accident.他在这次事故中受了重伤。Smoking will injure your health.吸烟会毁了你的健康。

  7. shock, astonish, surprise

  shock vt./n: to cause usually unpleasant or angry surprise to sb.): 震惊,打击,吃惊程度最大,后面常跟介词at/by构成词组be shocked at/by,表示;对;;吃惊;,或接不定式表示原因,也可作名词,意为;震动,打击;: He was shocked by what you said.他对你说的话感到震惊。He was shocked to know his son playing all day.他知道他的儿子整天玩大为震惊。The news gave me a great shock.这个消息给了我很大的打击。

  astonish vt./n: surprise greatly. 语气比surprise要强,含有令人难以置信: I was astonished to see him in Tibet.在西藏见到他,真感到惊异。The news astonished everyone.这个消息使每个人都很震惊。

  surprise vt./n: feeling caused by) sth. sudden or unexpected: 最普通用词,意为;使惊讶,使吃惊;,含有;意想不到;之意。如: I was surprised to see the great changes in my hometown.看到家乡的巨大变化他惊讶不已。His failure didn’t cause much surprise was not a great surprise.)他的失败未引起很大的惊奇并非很意外的事)。#p#分页标题#e#

  

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