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高一英语语法总结:定义从句

来源:未知 2013-09-17 字体大小: 分享到:

  小编寄语:关于高一英语语法总结,英语语法是大家学习英语的时候一定会遇到的一个知识,大家必须要好好学习语法,了解语法才能够学好英语。定语从句是高考英语语法中学习的重点和难点,为帮助大家学好这部分知识点,小编为大家提供高一英语语法总结:定义从句,供大家参考。

  高一英语语法归纳总结----定语从句的归纳

  一.几个基本概念

  1.定语从句的定义:用作定语的从句叫定语从句。

  2.先行词:被定语从句所修饰的名词或代词。

  3.定语从句的位置:紧跟先行词(名词或代词)之后。

  4.引导词:引导定语从句的词(包括关系代词和关系副词)。

  ﹙1﹚关系代词:that/who/whom/which/as

  ﹙2﹚关系副词:when/where/why

  5.引导词的位置:位于定语从句之前(先行词之后)。【as除外】

  6.引导词的功能(作用):

  ﹙1﹚连接先行词和定语从句。

  ﹙2﹚在定语从句中充当一定的成分(关系代词充当主语或宾语,关系副词充当状语)。

  7.定语从句的类型:

  ﹙1﹚限定性定语从句(主句和定语从句之间无逗号)。

  ① 直接由引导词引导定语从句

  The man who you’re talking to is my friend.

  ② 由介词+关系代词(whom/which)引导

  The man to whom you’re talking is my friend.

  I need a pen with which I can write a letter.

  =I need a piece of paper on which I can write a letter.

  介词的选用可根据从句中的相关词组确定,该介词通常可以放在关系代词之前,也可放在从句之尾。例如:

  The man (who/whom/that) I talked about at the meeting is from Beijing University.

  =The man about whom I talked at the meeting is from Beijing University.

  The palace (which/that) I often pay a visit to was built in the 17th century.

  =The palace to which I often pay a visit was built in the 17th century.

  ﹙2﹚非限定性定语从句(主句和定语从句之间用逗号隔开)。

  ① 直接由引导词引导定语从句。

  ② 由介词+关系代词(whom/which)引导。

  I live in a house far away from the city, in front of which is a big tree.

  There is an apple tree standing at the gate, on which are many apples.

  This is the man to whom I gave the book.

  ③ 由“代词/名词+of+whom/which”或“of which/ whom +名词/代词”(先行词指

  人用whom,指物用which)引导。One, some, any, none, all, both, several, many, most, neither, either等词、数词、分数或百分比与of whom或of which连用。

  He has five children, two of whom are abroad. #p#分页标题#e# 1 2 下一页

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