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高一英语阅读理解专训专练

来源:未知 2013-09-18 字体大小: 分享到:

  小编寄语:下面为大家提供高一英语阅读理解专训专练之议论文类,供大家欣赏。

  (I)

  In the world today, all of the people need recreation (消遣). We cannot work all the time if we are going to keep healthy and enjoy life.

  Everyone has his own way of relaxing. Perhaps the most popular form is to take part in sports. There are team sports, such as basketball and football; There are also individual (个人的) sports, such as swimming and running. Skating and mountain climbing are the most popular recreation for people who like to be outdoor.

  Not everyone who enjoys sports likes to take part in them. Many people like watching them on TV or listening to them on the radio. So many people like some forms of indoor recreation, such as watching TV, singing and dancing.

  It doesn’t matter whether we like indoor recreation or take part in outdoor sports. It is important for everyone to relax from time to time, and enjoy some forms of recreation.

  1.Which is the most popular form of recreation according to this text?

  A.Sports. B.Watching TV.

  C.Sleeping. D.Singing and dancing.

  2.People want to take part in sports in order to ____.

  A.keep healthy and enjoy life B.make friends

  C.find a good job D.make more money

  3.Outdoor sports include ____.

  A.watching TV B.singing and dancing

  C.listening to the radio D.skating and mountain climbing

  4.The passage mainly tells us that ____.

  A.basketball is a kind of team sport

  B.everyone who enjoys sports should take part in them

  C.different people have different ways of relaxing

  D.indoor recreation is not as important as outdoor sports

  1-4 AADC

  (II)

  Do you know of anyone who uses the truth to deceive(欺骗)? When someone tells you something that is true,but leaves out important information that should be included, he can give you a false picture.

  For example,someone might say,“I just won a hundred dollars on the lottery(彩票).It was great.I took that dollar ticket back to the store and turned it in for one hundred dollars!”

  This guy's a winner,right? Maybe,maybe not.We then discover that he bought $ 200 worth of tickets,and only one was a winner.He’s really a big loser!

  He didn’t say anything that was false,but he left out important information on purpose.That’s called a half-truth.Half truths are not technically lies,but they are just as dishonest.

  Some politicians often use this trick.Let’s say that during Governor Smith’s last term,her state lost one million jobs and gained three million jobs.Then she seeks an other term.One of her opponents(对手)says,“During Governor Smith’s term,the state lost one million jobs!” That’s true.However,an honest statement would have been,“During Governor Smith's term,the state had a net gain of two million jobs.’’

  Advertisers(广告商) will sometimes use half—truths.It’s against the law to make false statements so they try to mislead you with the truth.An advertisement might say,“Nine out of ten doctors advised their patients to take Yucky Pills to cure toothache.”It fails to mention that they only asked ten doctors and nine of them work for the Yucky Company.

  This kind of deception happens too often.It’s a sad fact of life:Lies are lies,and sometimes the truth can 1ie as well.

  1.How much did the lottery winner lose?

  A.one hundred dollars. B.Two hundred dollars.

  C.Three hundred dollars. D.Four hundred dollars.

  2.We may infer that the author believes people should

  A.buy lottery tickets if possible B.make use of half—truths

  C.be careful about what they are told D.not trust the Yucky Company

  3.What do the underlined words “net gain” in Paragraph 5 mean?

  A.final increase B.big advantage

  C.1arge share D.total number

  4.What can we know from the example of the Yucky Pill advertisement?

  A.False statements are easy to see through.

  B.Half-truths are often used to mislead people.

  C.Doctors like to act in advertisements.

  D.Advertisements are based on facts.

  5.How many examples does the writer give to show how the truth is used to deceive?

  A.One. B.Two. C.Three. D.Four.

  6.Which of the following is true according to the passage?

  A.Using half truths is against the law.

  B.Technically,half truths are in fact lies.

  C.Yucky Pills is a very good medicine for toothache.

  D.Governor Smith did a good job during her last term.

  7.Which of the following best expresses the main idea of the passage?

  A.He’s really a big loser!

  B.Sometimes the truth can lie as well.

  C.Advertisers will sometimes use half truths.

  D.It’s against the law to make false statements.

  1-5 ACABC 6-7 DB

  (III)

  We are all called upon to make a speech at some point in life, but most of us don't do a very good job. This article gives some suggestions on how to give an effective speech.

  So, you have to give a speech and you're terrified. You get nervous, you forget what you want to say, you stumble over words, you talk too long and you bore your audience. Later you think, “Thank goodness, it's over. I'm just no good at public speaking. I hope I never have to do that again.”

  Cheer up! It doesn't have to be that bad. Here are some simple steps to take the pain out of speech making. Ask yourself the purpose of your speech. What is the occasion? Why are you speaking? Then, gather as many facts as you can on your subject. Spend plenty of time doing your research. Then spend plenty of time organizing your material so that your speech is clear and easy to follow. Use as many examples as possible and use pictures, charts and graphs if they will help you make your points more clearly. Never forget your audience. Don't talk over their heads and don't talk down to them. Treat your audience with respect. They will appreciate your thoughtfulness.#p#分页标题#e#

  Just remember: Be prepared. Know your subject, your audience and the occasion. Be brief. Say what you have to say and then stop. And be yourself. Let your personality come through so that you make person-to-person contact with your audience.

  If you follow these simple steps, you'll see that you don't have to be afraid of public speaking. In fact, you may find the experience so enjoyable that you volunteer to make more speeches! You're not convinced yet. Give it a try and see what happens. 1. We can conclude from Paragraph 2 that many people .

  A. talk too long in a speech

  B. are happy to give a speech

  C. are afraid of giving a speech

  D. do not prepare for a speech

  2. All of the following statements are true except that .

  A. a lecturer does not need to organize his speech

  B. few people know how to make good speeches

  C. research is important in preparing a speech

  D. there are simple steps to improve your speaking

  3. The underlined expression “talk over their heads” means “ ”.

  A. speak too loudly B. look at the ceiling

  C. look down upon them D. use difficult words and ideas

  4. The main idea of the passage is that .

  A. you can improve your speaking ability

  B. a poor speaker can never change

  C. it's easy to make a short speech

  D. it is hard to make a speech

  1-4 CADA

  (IV)

  Are you ready to do your bit to stop global warming? On Saturday, March 29, you will have a chance-to tell Toronto and the entire world that you are devoted to doing your part.

  You can do it by turning off your lights during Earth Hour, from 8 p.m. to 9 p.m. Started last year by the World Wildlife Fund in Sydney, Australia, Earth Hour this year is going international, with 17 cities signed up so far, including Toronto.

  The challenge for us Torontonians will be to show we are as devoted to fighting global warming as Sydneysiders were last year. Of course, one hour of darkness isn't going to stop global warming. But the thinking behind Earth Hour is that it gets people personally involved(加入). Besides giving people a chance to show their concerns over climate change, the goal is to get them to start changing their wasteful habits. Did you know, for example, that your electronic devices(设备) that you think you've turned off are still drawing power if you leave them plugged in?

  If you want to make a difference, sign up today and promise to turn off your lights when Earth Hour arrives on March 29. Persuade others to do their part. Start to think about changes that can be made in your home and your workplace that will cut down on waste and greenhouse gas.

  1. What can be the best title for the passage?

  A. A Chance to Help Save the Earth

  B. A Chance to Help Prevent Pollution

  C. An Hour to Fight Against Bad Habits

  D. An Hour to Keep Climate Unchanged

  2. The passage mainly calls on people of to join in the March 29th activity.

  A. Sydney B. Toronto

  C. the world D. the 17 cities

  3. The Earth Hour movement mainly aims to get people to to save our earth.

  A. sense the danger

  B. make a promise

  C. perform their duties

  D. show their value

  4. Which is implied(暗示) in the passage that should not happen in our daily life?

  1-4 ABCD

  (V)

  We live in a digital world now, and a student's technology needs have changed. For the early years, say when you are in primary school, you can get by with no technology at all. Even if you have a computer, it's a good idea to get children familiar with libraries. At this age, trips to the library are like family outings.

  As you get closer to middle school, a computer with Internet access becomes more of a necessity. Teachers will often give assignments that require a student to use the Internet for research. After a computer, technology choices for students become more difficult to make – especially when it comes to cell-phones. Kids will beg their parents for a cell-phone, especially in middle school. For many parents, it's a safety issue: They want to know that their kids can reach them quickly if necessary. For teachers, cell phones can be used to record lessons when students are absent. But many teachers dislike cell-phones. Some kids send messages or have talks in the class. Sending messages also raises the problem of cheating on exams. More and more schools are now forbidding the use of cell-phones.

  Many kids see iPods as necessary things to have. iPods are great for music, but do they do anything good for your children’s education? Maybe they do. That’s the opinion of Doug Johnson, an educator for 30 years. Johnson says that educators should accept all new forms of technology in the classroom, including iPods. “Some do more with their cell- phones than we can do with our laptops,” he jokes. “I don’t think we should be afraid. The truth is that it’s easier to change the way we teach than to change the technology habits of an entire generation.”

  1. According to author, primary school children should___.

  A. use the computer and the Internet regularly

  B. ask their parents to buy them cell-phones

  C. buy iPods to listen to music

  D. go to libraries to read more books

  2. Why do parents agree to buy their children cell-phones?

  A. They want their children to be cool.

  B. They think cell-phones be helpful to their study.

  C. They want to keep in touch with their children.

  D. They want their children to keep up to date.

  3. The following are all reasons why many teachers dislike cell-phones EXCEPT ____.

  A. cell-phones can be used to cheat on exams

  B. schoolchildren will send messages during class

  C. cell-phones can be used to record lessons

  D. schoolchildren might talk on them during class

  4. What does the underlined word “that” refers to?

  A. iPods can be used to listen to music.

  B. iPods can be helpful for children’s education.

  C. iPods can be used to play games.

  D. iPods are necessary for children’s lives.

  5. We can infer from what Doug Johnson said that _____.

  A. cell-phones are not useful to students

  B. teachers should let students use cell-phones

  C. it’s better for teachers to change their teaching methods

  D. schoolchildren should follow the trends(潮流) of fashion

  1-5 DCCBC

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