做题时, 先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后, 你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节(共5 小题;每小题1分, 学习5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题, 从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后, 你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. Where does the man say to put the book?
A. In the bookcase. B. On the floor. C. On the shelf.
2. What will the man do tonight?
A. Buy a record. B. Take a history exam. C. Watch a game.
3. Who is the boy going to meet?
A. His classmate. B. His coach. C. His basketball team.
4. What will the woman do this afternoon?
A. Take her mother to see the doctor.
B. Help the man with his math.
C. Go for a ride with her mom.
5. What does the woman think of the man?
A. He has a weak heart. B. He’s overweight. C. He drinks too much.
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题, 从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前, 你将有时间阅读各个小题, 每小题5秒钟;听完后, 各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
6. Who is the man?
A. The woman’s husband. B. The woman’s classmate. C. The woman’s boss.
7. What did the woman bring back?
A. Some documents for the company.
B. Some information about her classmates.
C. Some presents from the party.
8. Where will the speakers take a trip?
A. To a popular scenic spot. B. To a wild place. C. To a wildlife zoo.
9. What advice does the man give to the woman?
A. Do not leave garbage everywhere.
B. Stay far away from fire at night.
C. Leave some food for the animals.
10. What will the speakers do today?
A. Climb a mountain. B. Rest at home. C. Go fishing.
11. What are the speakers mainly talking about? #p#分页标题#e#
A. A painting. B. Food. C. An old man.
12. What is the small boy doing?
A. Sitting at the table. B. Sitting at the side of the table. C. Playing under the table.
13. How does the woman feel?
A. Strange. B. Interested. C. Hungry.
14. What was the main reason that the man wanted to join the army?
A. He often heard stories about the army.
B. His uncle suggested that he do so.
C. Most of his toys were tanks.
15. What did the woman and her sister use to do?
A. Visit different shops.
B. Pretend to be shopkeepers.
C. Make money by selling waste things.
16. What is the subject of the conversation?
A. Hard work and success. B. Childhood dreams. C. Unhappy memories in life.
17. In which direction has the snowy weather in Europe moved?
A. The east. B. The west. C. The north.
18. How did the snow affect farmers in Bosnia?
A. Their crops were ruined.
B. Their cows froze to death.
C. They couldn’t feed their cows
19. What did the government in Rome do?
A. It used buses to help remove snow.
B. It sent people out to help remove snow.
C. It asked people to buy snow-moving equipment.
20. What does the speaker offer at the end of the talk?
A. Advice. B. Heavy criticism. C. Appreciation.
第一节 单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分, 学习15分)
从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
21. When it comes to giving his kids the education they deserve, the 51-year-old father knows
he never _______ college without financial aid.
A. could have attended B. could attend C. had attended D. should have attended
22. Look at the trouble I am in! _______I had followed your advice.
A. Only if B. If only C. Even if D. So long as
23. Michelle Obama said, “For Barack, success isn't about how much money you make; it's about the______ you make in people's lives.”
A. sense B. judgment C. way D. difference
24. After the war, a new school building was put up ______there had once been a theatre.
A. when B. in which C. the place where D. where
25. Lawmakers have approved the measures_____ protecting the personal information of Web users.
A. to aim to B. aiming to C. aimed at D. are aimed at
26. After decades of effort, the city is still trying to _____ how to smoking in public places. #p#分页标题#e#
A. try out B. let out C. figure out D. run out
27. One of the rules is that under no circumstances _______to bring food, drink or chewing gum into the school.
A. students are allowed B. allow students
C. are students allowed D. students be allowed
28. Go and join in the party. Leave______ to me to do the washing-up.
A. it B. that C. this D. one
29. —Do you think the thief entered through the back door?
—No, if he had, I don’t believe he ______ the living-room window.
A. would break B. broke C. would have broken D. had broken
30. Nobody knows _______broke into the house last night and stole the important papers.
A. who was it that B. it was who that C. who it was that D. that it was who
31. My income is rather changeable, but I earn £73 a day ___________.
A. on the other hand B. in particular C. on the whole D. on average
32. When ______ different cultures, we often pay attention only to the differences without noticing the many similarities.
A. compared B. being compared C. comparing D. having compared
33. ––– Do you think it's a good idea to make friends with your students?
–––________, I do. I think it's a great idea.
A. Generally B. Eventually C. Evidently D. Actually
34. An unhappy childhood may have some negative effects on a person’s characters; however, they are not always_________,
A. casual B. ashamed C. permanent D. unfit
35. –––I think you should phone Jenny and say sorry to her.
–––______________. It was her fault.
A. No way B. Take it easy C. It’s not up to me D. It’s OK.
第二节 完形填空(共20题;每小题1.5分, 学习30分)
阅读下面短文, 掌握其大意, 从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
When I was a little girl, I found love in a box all because of a class assignment. On a Friday night I 36 at dinner table, “My teacher said we have to bring a box, a special box, for our valentines (情人节) on Monday”.
Mother said, “We’ll see,” and she continued eating.
What did “We’ll see” mean? I had to have that box 37 my second grade Valentine’s Day would be a disaster. Maybe they didn’t love me enough to help me with my 38 .
All Saturday I waited 39 and with Sunday arriving, my concern increased, but I 40 an enquiry(询问)about the box might 41 anger or loud voice, for in my house children only asked once. More than that 42 trouble.
Late Sunday afternoon, my father called me into the kitchen. The table was covered with colorful 43 of different kinds. A (n) 44 shoebox rested on top of it. 45 flooded through me when Daddy said, “Let’s get started 46 your project.” #p#分页标题#e#
In the next hour my father 47 the shoebox into impressive valentine box. Colorful paper covered the ugly cardboard with red hearts 48 to what I considered all the right places. He sang while he worked. When he finished, he was so delighted that a 49 smile spread over his face. “What do you think of that?” he asked.
I answered him with a hug.
But inside, 50 danced all the way to my heart. It was the first time that my father devoted so much 51 to me, for his world consisted of work only.
The holiday party arrived, and my classmates put cards, and presents into the valentine boxes. Laughter filled our classroom until dismissal time 52 .
On the way home, I held out my valentine box for the world to 53 . The love that filled it meant more to me than all the valentines inside. The valentine box became a symbol of his love that 54 through decades of other Valentine’s Days. He gave me other gifts through the years, but none 55 compared with the love I felt within the limits of the old, empty shoebox.
36. A. appeared B. announced C. served D. sat
37. A. and B. however C. so D. or
38. A. design B. project C. plan D. idea
39. A. sadly B. disappointedly C. anxiously D. patiently
40. A. knew B. found C. realized D. imagined
41. A. start B. mark C. cause D. produce
42. A. took B. invited C. saved D. had
43. A. boxes B. paper C. gifts D. food
44. A. new B. big C. empty D. attractive
45. A. Relief B. Relaxation C. Cheer D. Calm
46. A. by B. at C. on D. in
47. A. folded B. changed C. packed D. pressed
48. A. attached B. joined C. linked D. connected
49. A. slight B. broad C. brief D. confident
50. A. fun B. joy C. interest D. amusement
51. A. money B. support C. time D. hope
52. A. reached B. set C. came D. spent
53. A. accept B. admire C. respect D. recognize
54. A. carried B. kept C. spread D. lasted
55. A. even B. yet C. still D. ever
第三部分：阅读理解(共15 小题, 每小题2分 , 学习30分)
阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A boy was born to a couple after eleven years of marriage. They were a loving couple and loved the boy very much. When the boy was around two years old, one morning the husband saw a medicine bottle open. He was late for work so he asked the wife to cap the bottle and keep it in the cupboard. The mother, preoccupied in the kitchen, totally forgot the matter.
The boy saw the bottle and playfully went to the bottle and, fascinated with its color, drank it all. It happened to be a poisonous(有毒的)medicine meant for adults in small dosages(剂量). When the child fell down, the mother hurried him to the hospital, where he died. The mother was shocked. She was terrified how to face her husband. #p#分页标题#e#
When the father came to the hospital and saw the dead child, he looked at his wife and uttered just four words. The husband just said ‘I am with you, Darling’. The husband's totally unexpected reaction is active behavior. The child is dead. He can never be brought back to life. There is no point in finding fault with the mother. Besides, if he had taken time to keep the bottle away, this would not have happened. No point in attaching blame. She had also lost her only child. What she needed at that moment was comfort and sympathy from the husband. That is what he gave her.
If everyone can look at life with this kind of viewpoint, there would be much fewer problems in the world. Take off all your envies, unforgiveness, selfishness, and fears and you will find things are actually not as difficult as you think. Sometimes we spend time asking who is responsible or whom to blame, whether in a relationship, in a job or with the people we know. By this way we miss out some warmth in human relationship.
56. The uncapped medical bottle was not put back into the cupboard because .
A. the husband was careless B. the wife ignored the matter
C. the husband was busy D. the wife wasn’t informed of the matter
57. What do we know about the bottle? .
A. It contained poison only for adults B. It was kept in the kitchen
C. It was broken by the child D. It appeared like a nice drink
58. The husband’s attitude towards his wife can be described as .
A. optimistic B. confident C. considerate D. generous
59. What did the writer intend to tell us about life? .
A. Think of nothing and life will be easy
B. It is always useless finding who is responsible
C. Let go the negative side and we can enjoy life.
D. Life should give way to responsibility
From school to band practice, the Venturi Eclectic is an Earth-friendly way to get where you want to go. This battery-powered, zero-emission (meaning it doesn't pollute the air) vehicle runs mainly on renewable energy. Solar panels on the Eclectic's roof absorb sun rays when you're driving. On windy days, you can connect a machine to the car's roof that collects energy from the wind while you're parked. The Eclectic's top speed is 28 miles an hour; the battery lasts for 31 miles before it needs to be recharged. Zipping (迅速行进) around the neighborhood has never been better.
Here's an eco-friendly way to tell time: Simply fill the Bedol Water-powered Clock's tank (箱) with water, add some lemon juice, and the clock will display the time without the need for environmentally harmful batteries. There are two sets of metal electrodes (电极) inside the water tank. Water contains ions (离子) that carry negative and positive charges. These ions complete a charge between the electrodes, creating enough energy to power the clock. Just refill the tank every few weeks, and this clock will keep on ticking. #p#分页标题#e#
You’re having a blast at your friend’s birthday party. But when it's time to bring out the cake, everyone crowds around, blocking your view. No worries. Throw the Triops into the air, and this clever camera catches the view from above. The Triops can take three pictures at once, each from different angles. You can also record sounds and command the Triops to start shooting (拍摄)whenever it hears that noise. That's one smart camera.
60. According to the passage, the Venturi Eclectic .
A. is popular with businessmen B. is suitable for a long trip
C. has only a little gas emission D. can turn wind into energy
61. What is the common characteristic of the Venturi Eclectic and the Bedol Water-powered Clock?
A. They don't need batteries. B. They can be powered by water.
C. They are difficult to operate. D. They are environmentally friendly.
62. The underlined phrase “having a blast” in the last paragraph probably means .
A. looking at a picture B. recording sounds
C. enjoying yourself D. blowing out a candle
The royal family is a part of British history and cultural identity.
Up until the 17th century, people believed that the British king or queen had a “divine(天赐的)right” to rule. This was the idea that God chose the king or queen and that he or she was therefore above the law. However, this idea was challenged during the English Civil War, when King Charles the First was put in prison and then killed in 1649.
So what role does the British royal family have today?
The Queen is head of the UK and the Commonwealth. She has important formal duties that go with her different titles. As Head of State, for example, she represents the UK on visits abroad and invites other world leaders to visit the UK;as Head of the Armed Forces in name, only she can declare when the UK is at war or when a war is over. She has to sign many government and Commonwealth documents every day.
Although the royal family does the work for the UK, there are British people called“anti-monarchists(反君主制者)”who do not believe there should be a royal family. One criticism(批评意见)is that the British people should not have to pay for the royal family with their taxes(税).
Today, the royal family works hard to be relevant(相关的)in the modern world. The Queen still gives a speech to the nation on television at Christmas, but it gets less and less formal every year;now it is even available as a podcast(播客).
In 2005, after graduating from university, Prince William spent time teaching English in Uruguay, the sort of work many ordinary young British people do in their gap years.
63. What can be concluded from the first two paragraphs?
A. The British king or queen is considered above the law.
B. The English Revolution put an end to the British royal family in 1649. #p#分页标题#e#
C. The British king or queen is no longer believed to rule by divine right.
D. The royal family didn’t play an important role in Britain in the 17 th century.
64. Which of the following is among the formal duties of the Queen?
A. Traveling around the UK.
B. Declaring when the world is at war.
C. Inviting other leaders to have dinner with her.
D. Signing Commonwealth documents every day.
65. With the example of Prince William in the last paragraph, the author intends to show that
A. Prince William is very popular in the UK
B. the royal family is trying to connect better with ordinary people
C. Prince William has made an effort to win young people’s admiration
D. many young British people do voluntary work
66. It can be inferred from the passage that ___________.
A. the royal family doesn’t have to pay taxes
B. the British people are all in favor of the royal family
C. the British people can talk to the Queen through a podcast
D. the royal family attacks republicans through media and press
One period of our lives when better results are demanded of us is, strangely enough, childhood. Despite being young we are expected to achieve good grades, stay out of trouble, make friends at school, do well on tests, perform chores (杂务)at home and so on. It’s not easy.
Likeable children enjoy many advantages, including the ability to deal more easily with stresses of growing up.In her book Understanding Child Stress, Dr. Carolyn Leonard states that children who are likeable and optimistic are able to gain support from others. This leads to focus and resilience(适应力), the ability to recover from or adjust early to life stress. Much research shows that resilience has enabled children to succeed in school, avoid drug abuse, and develop a healthy self-awareness(自我意识).
Why does a likeable child more easily handle stress and do better in his or her life? Because likeability helps create what’s known as a positive feedback loop(回馈圈). The positive feelings you want to see in other people are returned to you, creating constant encouragement and motivation to deal with the daily stress of life.
This feedback loop continues into adulthood. To return once again to the example of teaching, learning becomes easier with a likeable personality. Michael Delucchi of the University of Hawaii reviewed dozens of studies to determine if likeable teachers received good ratings because of their likeability or because they in fact taught well. Delucchi found that “Students who perceive(察觉) a teacher as likeable, in contrast to(比照) those who do not, may be more attentive to the information that the teacher delivers and they’ll work harder on assignments, and they will learn more.” #p#分页标题#e#
You may have noticed this pattern in your own life when you try to give some advice. The more positive your relationship with that person, the more he or she seems to listen, and the more you feel certain that that person has heard you and intends to act on your words.
67. The writer implies in the first paragraph that __________.
A. life is not easy for every one of us
B. children are expected much than we usually think
C. better education results in smarter children
D. to be a likable child is almost impossible
68. According to Dr. Leonard, likeable children __________.
A. will work harder on assignments and learn more
B. can deal more easily with stress independently
C. can achieve more and understand themselves better
D. are always optimistic and ready to help those in need
69. The main purpose of the studies done by Michael Delucchi is to find __________.
A. how a likeable teacher’s teaching style is formed
B. how a teacher’s likeability gains popularity
C. if a likeable teacher draws more attention
D. if a likeable teacher has a positive personality
70. The passage aims at proving that __________.
A. likeable people give better advice
B. likeable people do better in their childhood
C. social creatures enjoy more advantages
D. likeable people do better in life generally
I. 根据上下文及给出首字母或汉语意思的词填写单词。 (共10题;每小题1分, 学习10分) 注意：给出首字母的词, 需将首字母一起填写到答题卷上
1. Let’s give thanks for our soldiers _______(冒…的危险) their lives to defend the country.
2. I have seen the film star many times - she looks much older in the f________ than in her photographs.
3. Illegal hunting is threatening the s________ of the species.
4. I had to run to work this morning because I got up late. I was in a real ________ (出汗)when I arrived.
5. — When is the next train arriving? —It's ________ at 7:30.
6. It was an e________ situation, because the restaurant was too expensive for us but we didn’t want to just leave.
7. There are large ________ (数量) of rain in the area of the country every summer.
8. Several cars are available within this price ________ (范围).
9. I tried to remember her name, but my mind went b_________.
10. If you tell someone to have f______, you are encouraging them to stay confident.
根据句意选出合适的动词或词组, 用其适当的形式完成句子 (共10小题;每小题 1分, 学习10分) #p#分页标题#e#
tend; get into; appoint; glance through; result in; go up;
abuse; exchange; try out; adopt
1. The young man always enjoys ________ new ways of doing things.
2. Prices of vegetables in that area __________ 50 per cent since it was badly hit by floods.
3. Team meetings are a great chance for its members _______ their ideas on how to win games.
4. Your carelessness in driving will only ________ an regretful accident.
5. The kind granny decided to had the little boy _____ as his other family members lost their lives in the terrible earthquake.
6. She was the first woman ____________ president of that country.
7. The mayor was accused of _________ his power to offer jobs to his relatives instead of those who were qualified.
8. The medical team was kept busy _______ the wounded with the lack of doctors.
9. Don’t let children _______ bad habits which might be difficult to get rid of.
10.Every morning he usually _______the newspaper before leaving for work.
III.根据课文内容填空。(共10个空格, 每空所填词数不定;每空格1分, 学习10分)
1.The painter (并不打算) paint objects as we see them with our eyes, but instead (集中关注) certain qualities of the object, using colour, line and shape to represent them.
2. There are (各种各样的理由)why people write poetry. Some poems tell a story or describe something in a way that will (给读者留下深刻的印象).
3. First, you can ____________________ (在身体上对尼古丁有瘾)nicotine, which is one of the hundreds of chemicals in cigarettes. This means that after a while your body _________________ (习惯)having nicotine in it.
4. (另一方面), there are those, like George Hambley, who ___________________(反对这一观点), believe that we should not worry about high levels of carbon dioxide in the air.
5. Unfortunately, we cannot (把他们的家搬离岩浆流过的地方), and many houses have been covered with lava or (焚烧殆尽).
你叫李华。最近, 你们班同学就“地球一小时”(Earth Hour)活动展开了一场热烈的讨论。下表是这次讨论的结果。请你用英语给《中学英语报》主编写一封信, 介绍你们班的讨论结果并阐明你自己的观点。
60%的同学支持 40%的同学反对 你的看法
引起人们对全球气候变暖的关注 做秀, 意义不大 ……
全世界共同努力, 保护地球 给人们生活, 学习和工作带来不便
注意： 1.字数120左右 2.开头结果已给出,不计人总词数。
Dear Editor, #p#分页标题#e#
Last week our class had a heated discussion on Earth Hour. ____
1-5: BCAAB 6-10: CBBAC 11-15: ABBAB 16-20: BBCBA
21-25 ABDDC 26-30 CCACC 31-35 DCDCA
36—40 BDBCA 41—45 CBBCA 46—50 CBABB 51—55 CCBDD
第三部分：阅读理解(共15 小题，每小题2分 ，学习30分)
56-59 BDCC 60-62DDC 63-66 CDBA 67-70 BCCD
I. 填写英文单词：1. 完成给出首字母或汉语意思的词; 2. 填出所给词的正确形式。 (共10题;每小题1分，学习10分)
1. risking 2.flesh 3. opposed 4. sweat 5. due
6. embarrassing 7.quantities 8. range 9. blank 10. faith
1. trying out 2. have gone up 3. to exchange 4. result in 5. adopted
6. to be appointed 7. abusing 8. tending 9. get into 10. glances through
III. 根据课文内容填空。(共10个空格, 每空所填词数不定;每空格1分，学习10分)
1. does not attempt to, concentrates on
2. various reasons, give the reader a strong impression
3. This brings me to the real reason for my letter, became addicted to
4. On the other hand, are opposed to this view
5. move their homes out of the way, burned to the ground
One Possible Version
Last week our class had a heated discussion on Earth Hour. Different students have different opinions about this activity.
About 60% of the students are in favor of it. As we all know, global warming is a big problem in the world. Earth Hour can raise people’s awareness of global warming. Besides, turning off lights for an hour is energy-saving. Only by working together can we make our earth a better place to live in.
However, about 40% of the students say this activity is not very meaningful. They think it is only a show and that it doesn’t make much difference. What’s more, turning off lights for an hour may cause inconvenience to people’s life, work and study.
In my opinion, this activity is of great importance. But one activity alone is not enough if we want to save energy and protect our earth. Let’s act through our day-to-day habits.
W: There is no room in the bookcase or on the shelf for this book. #p#分页标题#e#
M: Just put it on the floor for now. I’ll put it away later.
W: Did you watch the Australian Open Finals?
M: I saw the women’s final but not the men’s.
W: Oh, it was so amazing! The winner was…
M: Wait! Don’t tell me! I recorded it, and I’m going to watch it tonight after my history class.
W: Will you be back in time for dinner?
M: No, mom. We’ll be studying until pretty late this evening.
W: Peter, I’m sorry to tell you that I can’t help you with your math this afternoon.
M: How come?
W: My mom is sick. I have to drive her to the hospital.
M: The doctor said if I kept smoking, I would increase my chances of having a heart attack.
W: Did he suggest losing some weight, too?
W: Hello, John. I just came back from my graduation ceremony.
M: What was it like?
W: Fantastic. We had a great graduation party.
M: Good. Now that you’re completely finished with college, you can focus on your work.
W: Right, except for one thing.
M: What do you mean?
W: I brought over some of my classmates’ resumes(简历)。 They want to join this company.
M: Great. Leave their resumes here. I will read them when I have a chance.
W: I’m looking forward to our trip to the forest.
M: Yeah, it’s really wild out there… not a single road in the area.
W: Aren’t you worried about the wild animals there?
M: Well, we do have to be mindful of the bears. Don’t leave any food out, and make sure that we have a fire going at night.
W: This is my first time sleeping out in the wild. Do you have any advice?
M: Yeah. Always leave the forest with what you came with; never leave anything behind.
W: People really shouldn’t litter, especially in nature.
M: Yeah, you are right. Say, do yu want to climb to the top of a mountain this afternoon.
W: Let’s take it easy. I don’t want to get too tired at the beginning.
M: No problem. We can stick to fishing for today.
W: Wow, that sounds great.
M: Helen, this place is unique in this district, and it’s especially famous for its snacks. I think we should try it.
W: OK. Oh,look! What’s on the wall? It’s beautiful.
M: Yeah, I noticed that painting the first time I came here with my parents. Um… an old man is sitting at the table, and on the table there are five or six bowls, and uh… there’s a small boy at the far side of the table, um, who’s standing, not sitting, but standing and looking onto the table, but we can only see half of his face, and he’s looking at the old man. The old man is holding a pair of chopsticks, and he’s helping himself to some rice in a bowl he’s holding. There is also some rice in the bowls on the table. The old man is wearing a hat, a rather large hat, a black one… I think it might be in Tibet or somewhere like that. #p#分页标题#e#
W: When you were little, what did you want to be?
M: When I was 5, I wanted to be a spaceman, mainly because most of my toys were spaceships, I think. But at around the age of 6, I decided that I wanted to join the army.
W: Why the army?
M: Well, maybe it was because my toys changed from spaceships to tanks! But I think it was mainly because my uncle was in the army and he used to come around to our house quite often and tell stories to my parents. I thought it sounded like fun. What about you? What did you want to be when you were young?
W: I wanted to be a shopkeeper for quite a while. Like you, I think it was related to how I used to play. My sister and I used to set up shops—we’d sell anything we found lying around the house, and then visit each other’s shops and buy things with pretend money. Of course, we weren’t really buying and selling stuff. It was just for fun.
M: Well, neither of us joined the army or became shopkeepers, did we?
Freezing weather in the past few days has caused problems in many parts of central and southern Europe. After more than 200 people were killed by low temperatures in eastern Europe, the snowy weather has moved west, covering Bosnia in 2 metres of snow. Bosnian farmers have had problems feeding their cows because of the snow, and as a result, milk production there has dropped by 30%. The most deaths have occurred in nearby Ukraine--- 120 people there have died in temperatures as low as –30 degrees. Some were found half-buried in the snow in distant parts of the country. Meanwhile, Rome is caught in the heaviest snowstorm of the past 27 years. Buses there are unable to operate, and the mayor is under heavy criticism for not having snow-moving equipment at the ready. However, the government has sent workers out throughout the city to help clear out the snow before a further drop in temperature. Could all this trouble have been avoided? Probably not. But with extreme weather becoming more common, the leaders of Europe would be well advised not to treat this winter as a one-off occurrence.