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高二英语教案:Mainly revision

来源:未知 2013-10-09 字体大小: 分享到:

  一、教法建议

  【 抛砖引玉 】

  单元双基学习目标

  Ⅰ. 词汇学习

  tie , chain , haircut , pin , secretary , forgive , owe , trick , roll , tear ( v ) , wish…every success , congratulate… on , help…out , insist on , painter , repay , play a trick on , be tired of .

  Ⅱ. 交际英语 (复习下列交际用语)

  1 . 谈论天气的用语:

  It\s a beautiful day today .

  It is a bit…today , isn\t it?

  Tomorrow will turn out fine .

  2 . 表示决意的用语:

  I\ve decided……

  I\d rather ( not ) have……

  I\d prefer them ( not ) to……

  3 . 表示祝贺或祝愿的用语:

  I\d like to congratulate you ( on…… )

  I wish you every success .

  Ⅲ. 语法学习

  “倒装句”何时不倒装

  一般说来,英语倒装有两个原因:一是语法结构的需要;一是为了强调。在需要倒装的各种 句型中,有时主语和谓语并不需要倒装,现归纳如下。

  ※ 在特殊疑问句中,若疑问词作主语,主谓不倒装。如:

  What happened to Yang Pei?

  ※ 在特殊疑问句中,若疑问词修饰主语,主谓不倒装。如:

  Whose books are on the teacher\s desk?

  ※ 陈述式疑问句主谓不倒装。如:

  You don\t know the way?

  ※ 在某些感叹句中主谓不倒装。如:

  How he worked!

  ※ 以 here , there , off , up , down 等副词开头的句子,若主语为代词时,主谓语不倒 装。

  Here you are .

  Off they ran to school .

  ※ 当 only 位于句首修饰主语时,主谓不倒装。如:

  Only girls can do it well .

  ※ 当 not only…but also… 位于句首连接两个并列主语时,主谓不倒装。如:

  Not only he but also I am from the south . 不仅他是而且我也是南方人。

  ※ 把副词 so 提前,如果两句的主语相同,且后者只是进一步肯定前者,so 后面的语序不 必倒装。如:

  —He works hard . 他学习很努力。

  —So he does . 是很努力。

  ※ 以 so 开头,表示“也”时,特别是在“so it + be + with + 名词 ( 代词 ) ”句型中, 主谓不倒装。如:

  Men can\t live without air and water . So it is with animals and plants .

  ※ 直接引语的一部分或全部位于句首,如果主语是人称代词,主谓不倒装。如:

  —I don\t want to be examined , he answered .

  —Let me be .

  【 指点迷津 】

  when,where 和 why 引导的定语从句和同位语从句之区别 #p#分页标题#e#

  when , where 和 whey 既可以引导定语从句,也可以引导同位语从句,它们的相同点是在两 种从句中都可以充当状语成分。不同点是:when , where 和 why 作关系副词引导定语从句时, 有跟它们含义相应的先行词,如 when 的相应先行词是表示时间的名词,where 的相应先行词是 表示地点的名词,why 的相应先行词是表示原因的名词。当 when , where 和 why 作连接副词引 导同位语从句时,则没有与它们含义相应的先行词。试比较:

  I\ll never forget the day when ( = on which ) we met for the first time . ( 定语 从句 )

  I have no idea when we met for the first time ( 同位语从句 )

  The office where ( = in which ) you work is here . ( 定语从句 )

  Then arose the question where we were to get so much money . ( 同位语从句 )

  The reason why ( = for which ) he did not come is quite clear . ( 定语从句 )

  Xiao Wang has solved the problem why the TV was out of order . ( 同位语从句 )

  以上例句中 when , where 和 why 作关系副词引导定语从句时,可以改为“介词 + 关系代 词 which”来引导;而引导同位语从句的 when , where 和 why 就不能这样改。

  二、学海导航

  【 学法指要 】

  单元重点词汇点拨

  1 . forgive 为不规则动词,过去式为 forgave , 过去分词为 forgiven ; 意为“宽恕 ( 人、罪等 ) ,原谅,饶恕 ( 某人的行为 ) ”。例如:

  She forgave her husband .

  If you apologize , the teacher may forgive your negligence .

  2 . insist 意为“一定要;坚持要求”,既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。当其作 不及物动词时,其后通常跟 on 或 upon 引起的短语。例如:

  They insisted on an early decision .

  The doctor insisted on operating on the patient at once .

  He insisted upon going there on foot .

  He insisted on my studying English together with them .

  当 insist 用作及物动词时,通常用句型 insist + that 从句。从句中的谓语动词常用虚拟 语气,即用“should + 动词原形”,其中的 should 常可省略。例如:

  I insisted that the meeting ( should be ) be put off .

  She insisted that he daughter ( should ) go on to learn English after she left school .

  We insisted that he should come to the party . ( = We insisted on his coming to the party . )

  3 . own 用作形容词时,意为“自己的,自己的东西”;用作动词时,意为“拥有;承 认”。

  This is a picture of my own painting .

  The three children grew up and had families of their own .

  4 . remind 是及物动词,意为“使 ( 人 ) 想起”,后跟 of 引起的短语。例如: #p#分页标题#e#

  I was reminded of my promise .

  The photo reminds me of my school life .

  The letter from my friend reminded me of our school days .

  remind 还可以译为“使人想起;提醒”,后面可以跟带不定式的复合结构,或跟宾语从句。 例 如:

  She reminded me that I hadn\t watered the flowers .

  Please remind me to hand in my composition tomorrow .

  5 . wish 常可用来表示祝愿。例如:

  I wish you a pleasant journey home .

  I wish you success / luck / happiness / victory .

  I wish you a happy birthday .

  I wish you happy / lucky / well .

  I wish you safe in the journey .

  在英语中“wish + that - clause . ”表示“但愿……;希望……”,宾语从句用虚拟语气。 宾语从句如果和主句所表示的动作同时发生,从句的谓语动词用一般过去时;如果宾语从句所表 示的动作先于主句,从句中的谓语动词用过去完成时;如果宾语从句所表示的动作后于主句,从 句中的谓语动词用过去将来时。例如:

  I wish I had your brain .

  I wish I were taller .

  I wish something interesting would happen very soon .

  I wish you would forget it .

  I wished that I had known what to say .

  I with I hadn\t said those terrible things about her .

  单元词组思维运用

  1 . be tired of ( = be no longer interested in ) 意为“对……厌烦”。例如:

  Are you tired of living in the city?

  They are tired of the same food for supper every evening .

  Don\t make so much noise , I am tired of it .

  2 . congratulate……on 表示“就某事祝贺某人”,其中 congratulate 是及物动词,意为 “祝贺;道贺”。例如:

  I congratulate you on your achievements with all my heart .

  We warmly congratulate you on your success .

  He congratulated us on getting married .

  I heartily congratulate myself on having chosen a good woman to be my wife .

  He has sent me a telegram congratulating me on my success .

  表示“祝贺”时,也可使用 congratulations ( 常用复数形式 ) 。例如:

  Congratulations on your success .

  You passed the examination successfully . Please accept my congratulations .

  3 . drop in 意为“顺便来访;到……家来”,常用于非正式文体中。表示“来访某家” 时,用“drop in at…”,表示“来访某人”时,用“drop in on……”。例如:

  Please drop in at my office when you happen to be free .

  I\d like to drop in at Mr Sun on the way to school .

  Xiao Wang often dropped in when he worked at the college . #p#分页标题#e#

  I just dropped in to see if he was at home studying English .

  4 . earn one\s living 意为“谋生;挣钱生活”,其中 earn 是及物动词。例如:

  He earned his living

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