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高二英语教案:At the Tailor\s Shop(在裁店缝)

来源:未知 2013-10-09 字体大小: 分享到:

  一、教法建议

  【抛砖引玉】

  ■ 大纲规定的单元日常核心交际用语指南

  Advice And Suggestions (劝告和建议)

  ● Idiomatic Sentences 功能套语

  1. There seems to be something wrong with it . I can\t possibly wear it . 这好象有点毛病,我不能穿了。

  2. I would like you to change this for a new one . 我很想让你把这个给我换个新的。

  3. You sold me so old a bike that I can\t use it . I insist that you give me my money back . 你买给了我如此破旧的自行车,我就不能用。我要求你退我款。

  4. It\s not our fault . I\m afraid I can\t do that . Why can\t you do something about it ? 这不是我的错,恐怕我作不了主,你能不能灵活点 ?

  5. Could you give me some advice on English study ? 我想征求一下关于学习英语的建议。

  6. I \d like your advice about / on this plan .

  7. What do you think I should do ?

  8. You\d better not trouble him . 你最好不要麻烦他。

  9. Let\s help him with the luggage .

  10. Why not ask him to go with us ?

  11. How / What about seeing a film ? 去看电影怎么样 ?

  12. I strongly advise you to keep your promise .

  13. I\m afraid I can\t follow your advice .

  14. That\s impossible , but thank you all the same . 这不可能,但还是要谢谢你的。

  15. Why don\t you put off the meeting till next week ? 你为何不把会议推迟到下周 ?

  ● Model Dialogues 交际示范

  A

  A:Hello . You look tired today . What happened ?

  B:I went to bed too late . I was reading a novel and forgot the time .

  A:Really ? You need a rest tonight .

  B:Yes , I think so .

  A:You\d better go to bed earlier if you can .

  B:Yes , you\re right .

  B

  A:I\ve lost my ruler . Have you seen it anywhere ?

  B:Sorry , I haven\t . You\d better try your desk .

  A:Yes , I did , but I didn\t find it .

  B:Why don\t you ask Jim ? He was using a ruler just now .

  A:Thanks . I\ll go and ask him .

  ■ 单元核心句型结构

  1. It looks / seems as if … 看起来好象 ……

  It looks as if it is going to rain . 看起来天要下雨。

  测试要点:as if = as though 后 接虚拟语气。如:

  He talks as if he had been there many times . 他谈话的样子好象是他已经去过那里好多次了。

  When a pencil is partly in a glass of water , it looks as if it were broken . 当一支铅笔部分放入一杯水中,它看起来就像是断了似的。

  2. I insist (that) …

#p#分页标题#e#

  测试要点:

  我认为应该……(宾语从句用虚拟);

  I insist he ( should ) write a letter of thanks to the school . 我坚持认为他应该向学校写个感谢信。

  我坚持说……(宾语从句不用虚拟)。

  He insisted that he didn\t steal the money . 他坚持说他没有偷那笔钱。

  3. I should like / would like sb to do sth 很乐意让某人干……

  I should like you go shopping this weekend . 我倒很想让你周末去买东西。

  测试要点:

  should like /love + to do 与简略回答。如:

  - Would you like to go swimming this Sunday ?

  - I\d like / love to .

  (用 to 代替 go swimming )

  should like / love sb to 很想让某人去干 ……

  We\d like our teacher to point out and correct our mistakes in our exercises . 我们很想让老师指出并改正我们作业中的错误。

  should like / love + to be + done 喜欢被……

  Little Jim would like to be taken to Beijing next Christmas .

  4. Why don\t you do … ? = Why not do … ? 为何不…… ?

  Why don\t you (= Why not ) have a look at the other blouses ? 为何不挑选一下别的衬衫 ?

  ■ 单元误点警示

  单元词组 take place 透射出的隐型被动

  在第 38 课中的词组 take place (发生)属\"隐形被动\"范畴 ,不用被动语态的形式。中学英语教材中还有一些不用\"be/get + 过去分词\"的结构,其具体表现形式如下:

  ◆ 有些词(组)常用主动形式表达被动意义 (break out ,take place ,belong to ,shut off ,turn off ,work out制定 ,add up to , run out 用完 ,give out耗尽 ,等) 如:

  The lights on the wall turned off .

  The incident took place in Dec.1936 .

  ◆ 动词不定式作定语,一方面与所修饰的名词或代词有动宾关系, 另一方面又与句子的主 语有逻辑上的主谓关系时,不定式常用主动式代表被表式。如:

  Do you have any letters to post ? (对比:Manager wang , I\ll go to the post office . Do you have any letters to be posted) ?

  ◆ 某些表示感觉、状态或特征的连系动词(look, sound, taste, smell, feel, become, appear, prove, turn out等)的主动形式常表被动意义。如:

  - Do you like the material ?

  - Yes , it ____ very soft . (NMET 94)

  A. is feeling B. felt

  C. feels D. is felt [ 答案:C ]

  His theory proved correct .

  Good medicine tastes bitter to the mouth .

  ◆ 有些动词由\"vt\"变成的\"vi\"时, 常用主动形式与方式状语连用表被动意义,这类动词的主语常是物,该类常用动词有:sell , lock , fill , dry , run , open , cut , read, wear , write , translate , wash , shut , blow , digest , begin 等。如: #p#分页标题#e#

  The door blew open . The book sells well .

  This cloth wears long . The story won\t translate well .

  The food won\t digest . The suitcase won\t lock easily .

  ◆ 表\"需要\"的动词 (need , want , require , deserve , bear , demand) 后用动名词的主动形式,或不定式的被动式表被动;在 be worth 后只接动名词的主动形式表被动。如:

  - What do you think of the book ?

  - Oh , excellent. It\s worth _____ a second time . (MET89)

  A. to read B. to the read

  C. reading D. being read [答案:C]

  Your coat demands (requires , needs , wants) washing . (washing = to be washed)

  He certainly deserves sending (= to be sent) to prison .

  This telephone directory is well worth buying .

  ◆ 一些介词加上具有动作意义的名词,常可表被动意义。如:

  Several new railways are under _____ (建议 ) in China . (NMET96) [ 答案:construction]

  常考的此类介词短语有:on show=on exhibition , on sale , on fire , out of sight , in sight , under discussion , in the charge of , in the possession of , without help , without permission , under arrest , under repair , under consideration , under development 等。

  ◆ 有些以-able ,-ible 结尾的形容词 ( visible 可见的, invisible 无形的,breakable 的, drinkable 可饮用的 readable 可读的, acceptable 可接受的,respectable可尊敬的,countable 可数的,sensible可觉察的,等) 如:

  The water in this well is drinkable(=fit to drink) . (19) Many things are invisible to us .

  ◆ 由过去分词转化而来的形容词 (pleased , interested , satisfied , frightened , worried, dressed , surprised , wounded , broken) 仍含有被动意义。如:

  The girls are always dressed well .

  The boy cried , with a glass broken .

  ◆ 使役动词 have/get+宾语+过去分词 ,表示该分词的动作由别人来完成。如:

  -Good morning. Can I help you ?

  -I\d like to have this package ____ , Madame . (MET89)

  A. be weighed B. to be weighed

  C. to weigh D. weighed [答案:D]

  I\ll get my hair cut on Sunday .

  ◆ 有些名词以 -ee 结尾含被动意义 (以-er , -or 结尾却含主动意义) 。如:

  trainee受训者(trainer训练员),employe(e)雇员(employor雇主),addressee收件人 (addresser, addressor发件人) ,rejectee被弃者 (rejecter抛弃者) 等。

  ◆ 当不定式在作表语(或宾补)的形容词(heavy , light , interesting , pleasant , simple, comfortable, dangerous , strong , big , small , sweet , smooth , nice , fit , important , impossible , necessary , good , easy, hard , difficult 等) 后面作状语, 且不定式与句中主语 (或宾语)在逻辑上有动宾关系时,常用主动形式表被动含义。如: #p#分页标题#e#

  The chair looks rather hard , but in fact, it is very comfortable to _____ . (MET88)

  A. sit B. sit on

  C. be sat D. be sat on [答案:B]

  They found the article hard to understand .

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