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高二英语教案:A Freedom Fighter

来源:未知 2013-10-09 字体大小: 分享到:

  一、教法建议

  【抛砖引玉】

  单元双基学习目标

  Ⅰ. 词汇学习

  四会单词和词组:march , demand , join in , over and over again , dream , side by side , citizen , forbid , put … in prison , set an example , peaceful , bill , murder , unfair , speech , make a speech , clerk , chairman , admit , feeling

  三会单词和词组:housing , minister , separation , marriage , revolution , liberate , liberation , equally , explode , content ( n .) , tour , textbook , tennis , educate , achieve , bomb , childhood , give in , passport , minority

  Ⅱ. 交际英语

  Asking the time and dates ( 问时间和日期 )

  Some useful expressions :

  1 . What day is ( it ) today ?

  2. What\s the date today ?

  3. Excuse me , what time is it by your watch ?

  4 It\s Monday/Tuesday… It\s January 10th .

  交际示范:

  ( 1 )

  A : It\s getting dark .

  B : Yes . What time is it ( by your watch ) ? There\s something wrong with my watch .

  A : It\s a quarter to five .

  B : Perhaps your watch is slow .

  A : Oh , it has stopped . I must have forgotten to wind it last night . ( 我一定是昨晚忘记上弦了。 )

  B : Well , let\s ask Hellen over there .

  A : Good idea .

  B : Hellen , have you got the time ?

  A : Yes , it\s half past six .

  B : Is your watch right ? ( Does your watch keep good time ? )

  C : Yes , it\s half past six .

  ( 2 )

  A : Hello , Wang Lin , I wonder if you\d be free next week .

  B : I think so .

  A : That\s wonderful . I\ll be 20 years old next week . I\d love you to come to my birthday party .

  B : I\d like to . What date is that ?

  A : It\s May , 4th .

  B : What day is that ?

  A : It\s Tuesday .

  B : Then what time will the party begin ?

  A : At six sharp ( 六点整 ) in the evening . Will that be all right ?

  B : Yes , it\s very good . I\ll looking forward to it . And I wish you the best of luck .

  A : Thanks . Oh , It\s ten minutes to two . There\s little time left . I\ll go to work . See you later .

  B : See you later .

  Ⅲ. 语法学习

  使用情态动词要注意的问题

  下面是同学们在使用情态动词时经常出现的问题,也是情态动词中的难点,而且又是近来高考的热点。

  一、要注意一些同义、近义的情态动词的区别

  1 . 表示可能性的 can\t 与 may not 的区别。

  can\t 常常表示“不可能”、“一定不”,may not 表示“可能不、或许不”。很明显,can\t 比 may not 语气强,把握性大。如: #p#分页标题#e#

  The man standing over there _____ be Jack . He\s gone to Hong Kong .

  A . mustn\t B . can\t C . won\t D . may not

  说话者既然知道“He\s gone to Hong Kong”,那么对“The man 不是 Jack”一定满有把握,故正确选项为 B。

  2 . 表示“能够”意义的 can 与 be able to 的区别。

  凡表示“经过努力、设法做成某事”时不用 can,须用 be able to。如:

  The fire spread through the hotel very quickly , but everyone _____ get out . ( NMET97 )

  A . had to B . would C . could D . was able to

  句意为:大火弥漫整个旅馆,但人位学是设法逃了出来。故正确选项为D。

  3 . 表示“不能”意义的 can\t 与 mustn\t 的区别。

  can\t 表示“不能”,是指无能力;mustn\t 表示“不能”则指的是“禁止,不允许”。在口语里,can\t 也可表示“禁止,不允许”,但语气不如 mustn\t 强。如:

  ( 1 ) 他年纪小,不能上学。

  【 正 】He is so young that he can\t go to school .

  ( 2 ) 里边正在开会,不能吵闹。

  【 正 】There\s meeting inside . You mustn\t make any noise .

  【 误 】There is a meeting inside . You can\t make any noise .

  二、要注意几个使用的特定范围

  1 . 表示推测时,can 不能用在肯定句中 ( 但 could 能 ) ;may 和 might 不能用在疑问句中。如:

  ( 1 ) Peter _____ come with us tonight , but he isn\t very sure yet . ( MET93 )

  A . must B . may C . can D . will

  句意为:Peter 有可能同我们一块儿来,但还不肯定。正确选项为 B。

  ( 2 ) _____ it be a sunny day tomorrow?

  A . Can B . May C . Shall D . Should

  句意为:明天可能是睛天吗?正确选项是 A。

  2 . 作为情态动词,need 和 dare 不能用在肯定句中 ( 条件状语从句除外 ) 。肯定句中,须把它们用作实义动词,后接带 to 的不定式。如:

  【 误 】We need hold a meeting to discuss the matter .

  【 正 】We need to hold a meeting to discuss the matter .

  【 正 】If you need hold a meeting to discuss the matter , I\ll give you a help .

  3 . 在回答由 could 和 might 引起的表示请示的一般疑问句时,不能用 could 和 might ( 应分别用 can 和 may ) 回答。如:

  — Could I borrow your dictionary?

  — Yes , of course you _____ . ( MET92 )

  A . might B . will C . can D . could

  正确选项为 C。

  三、要注意一些“形意不一致”的现象

  1 . 过去式 could 或 might 后接动词原形可以表示对现在或将来 ( 不是对过去 ) 的推测。如: #p#分页标题#e#

  I\m afraid it _____ snow tonight .

  A . can B . should C . might D . must

  2 . may ( not ) 和 can\t 后接动词的完成式,表示对过去 ( 不是对现在或将来 ) 的推测。如:

  — There were already five people in the car but they managed to take me as well .

  — It _____ a comfortable journey .

  A . can\t have been B . couldn\t be C . mustn\t have been D . shouldn\t be

  四、要注意情态动词的常用形式的反常使用。

  1 . should 和 ought to 后接动词原形,常表示“应该……”;但也可用来表示推测,意为“想必会……”。如:

  ( 1 ) It\s nearly seven o\clock . Jack _____ be here ar any moment . ( NMET95 )

  A . must B . need C . should D . can

  句意为:“快七点钟了,想必杰克随时会到的”。正确选项为 C。

  ( 2 ) — When can I come for the photos? I need them tomorrow afternoon .

  — They _____ be ready by 12∶00 . ( NMET98 )

  A . can B . should C . might D . need

  句意为“ — 我什么时候来取像片呢?我可是明天下午需要这些像片。”“ — 像片想必会在 ( 明日中午 ) 十二点以前洗出的。”正确选项为 B。情态动词表示推测,语气由强到弱的是:must ( 一定会 ) →ought to / should ( 想必会 ) →can / could ( 可能 ) →may / might ( 也许,或许 ) 。

  2 . could 后接完成式常表示“ ( 过去 ) 可能……”,但也可用来表示责备语气,意为 “过去 ) 本来能够……, 而实际上却未…… ”。如:

  — We could have walked to the station ; it was so near .

  — Yes . A taxi _____ at all necessary . ( NMET92 )

  A . wasn\t B . hadn\t been C . wouldn\t be D . won\t be

  该题虽是一道考查动词时态的考题,但从“We could have walked to the station”可知,实际不是步行去火车站的。结合下句可知是坐了出租车去的,时间是过去,故正确答案是 A。

  【指点迷津】

  Look 短语动词归纳

  1 . look after 照看,照顾,负责处理。

  I can look after myself .

  She\s been looking after the luggage .

  2 . look at 看 ( 问题 ) ,看待。

  That\s the way I look at it .

  He looks at a question from all sides .

  3 . look back ( on ) 回顾,回想 ( 过去 ) 。

  I like to look back on my high - school days .

  If we look back , we realize the changes the war has made .

  4 . look down on/upon 看不起,蔑视。

  I wish you wouldn\t look down on this kind of work .

  In her days women were looked down upon .

  5 . look for 找寻,自找 ( 麻烦等。 ) #p#分页标题#e#

  I’ve been looking for you .

  They\re just looking for trouble .

  6 . look forward to ( 跟名词/动名词 ) 盼望,希望。

  They looked forward to seeing him again .

  The children are looking forward to the New Year .

  7 . look in 作短语时间的访问/参观, ( 顺路 ) 到某处去一下。

  I\ll look in this evening to see how he is .

  I\ll look in at the shop on my way home .

  8 . look into 调查,了解,研究。

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