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高二英语教案:第七单元疑难点击

来源:未知 2013-10-09 字体大小: 分享到:

  1. She also goes to visit other AIDS patients in hospitals across the country to support them and cheer them up.

  cheer up作及物动词短语,意为\"使感到安慰;使高兴起来\"。如:

  The nurse tried to cheer up the little boy when he started to cry. 当小男孩开始哭的时候,护士试图使他高兴起来。

  cheer up作不及物动词短语,意为\"高兴起来;振作起来\"。如:

  Cheer up!Things are not so bad as they seem. 振作起来!情况并不像看上去那么糟糕。

  2. The disease is not the only thing that AIDS patients suffer from.

  suffer作不及物动词用时,常与from连用,表示\"受......之苦(折磨);患某种疾病\"。如:

  The child suffered from the cruel teasing of her classmates. 这孩子受到同学残忍的嘲弄。

  She has suffered a lot from illnesses. 她已经受尽了病痛之苦。

  suffer用作及物动词时是\"受苦;受痛;受损失\"之意,其后直接跟pain, loss, grief, defeat, insult, punishment, hardship, disappointment, discouragement等词作宾语。如:

  He suffered the loss of a leg during the war. 在战争中,他失去了一条腿。

  She suffered cruel oppression by landlords during the old society. 在旧社会她受到地主的残酷压迫。

  only在本句中为形容词作定语,意为\"唯一的;独有的;仅有的\",要位于冠词后。若only位于冠词前,则用作副词,意为\"只有;仅仅;只不过\"。本句中若only提前则意为\"不仅艾滋病人遭受折磨\",即\"让别人也受其折磨\",与文意不合。再比较:

  He is an only child. 他是独生子。

  He is only a child. 他只不过是个孩子。

  3. Cells either divide too fast or at the wrong time, making it difficult for the body to function properly.

  在本句中,现在分词短语作结果状语。又如:

  The child fell, striking his head

  against the door and cutting it. 那孩子跌倒了,头碰在门上碰破了。

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