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英语句型基本结构

来源:101教育网整理 2016-08-18 字体大小: 分享到:

  不可忽视: 常用不及物动词有break, breathe, burn, smoke, swim, skate, appear, disappear, work, think, etc.

  主 谓 表语(系动词)

  He became a scientist.

  She is getting more and more beautiful.

  不可忽视: 常用系动词:be, get, turn, feel, seem, appear, look, taste, sound, smell, become, go, prove, etc.

  主 谓 宾(及物动词)

  We love peace.

  They will paint the door.

  常用动词有:see, watch, need, love, like, study, answer, carry, etc.

  主 谓 宾 宾补

  We elected him president.

  They painted the door white.

  I advised the students to recite the texts.

  重点: 常用作宾补的形式:(请将每个例句大声朗读一遍)

  名词:

  The couple named their baby Johnson.

  形容词:

  I keep the door open.

  副词:

  The naughty boy knocked the bottle over.

  不定式:

  He ordered his men to fire.

  分词:

  He heard me singing.

  I saw the vase broken.

  介词短语:

  They look on him as a teacher.

  名词性从句:

  I asked him what he was doing.

  主 谓 间接宾语 直接宾语

  My friend bought me a gift.

  I passed him the book.

  主 谓 直宾 介词 间宾

  My friend bough a gift for me.

  I passed the book to him.

  常与介词for搭配的动词有:

  buy, make, do, get, play, call, choose, cook, fetch, find, keep, order, save, etc.

  常与介词搭配的动词有:

  bring, give, grant, hand, pass, lend, offer, pay, promise, sell, send, show, teach, tell, throw, write, etc.


    
  
  
  

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