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英语中否定转移用法

来源:101教育网整理 2016-08-18 字体大小: 分享到:

  专家提醒:重在运用,要动起来,be active in your study!对于我们准备的资料,请不要仅仅是看闹热,或一时兴起,而是要重在坚持!没有捷径,只有一步一个脚印!今天的内容是英语中否定转移的用法的学习,重点在于运用于真实语境中来领悟其用法!这里,我比较推荐李阳疯狂英语关于英语语法学习的方法,就是把该语法的例句疯狂地脱口而出!建议大家试试! 从属分句(一般为that clause)的否定词转移到母句中去。允许否定转移的母句动词在语义上可分为以下两组:

  1.看法(OPINION):anticipate, be supposed to, believe, calculate, expect, figure,

  imagine,

  reckon , suppose, think:

  Eg. I don't believe I've met you b! efore.

  Eg. She didn't imagine that we would say anything.

  Eg. He didn't expect to win.

  2.感觉 appear, seem, feel as if, look as if, sound as if

  Eg. It doesn't look like it's going to rain.

  否定的转移是一种含糊的现象。对于否定词位置不同的两个句子,意思是否相同,或者在多大程度上相同的问题,各人的直觉

  可能是不同的。但在以下特殊情况下,原来允许否定转移的动词不能将否定转移:

  1.I think是插入句,可看作与其他部分无关:

  I wish you were here, then I think I should not feel like this.

  2.母句中添加情态动词can't mustn't wouldn't时:

  I can't believe that they are married.

  You mustn't think he's stupid.

  I wouldn't have imagined that Sandra would be here.

  3.由于cannot helping, ought not, need not, not at all等短语的关系而把I think! 隔离。

  I should have thought sometimes you couldn't help thinking of the past.

  I think you ought not to walk at night alone, Mrs. Moore.

  I think you need not be impolite to her, as well as to her son.

  I think the angel are not at all in heaven. Mr.Esmond said.

  4.由于not just... but, just not... enough,not much, not quite等以not为核心的副词短语的影响,也不便

  把否定拿到动词的前面去:

  I think I'm just not smart enough to make any sense out of for you.

  You think she's not much like you? Brerald asked.

  But I think that Elizabeth was not quite so certain of it as I.

  句中含有no, never, nothing, nobody等的不定词时:

  I should think you never have seen many.

  I thought it explained nothing.

    
  
  
  

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