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把握九个一致巧解短文的改错

来源:101教育网整理 2016-08-18 字体大小: 分享到:

  1. 时态一致

  短文中谓语动词的时态与上下文,特定语言环境及该句的时间状语应保持呼应与一致

  1) Sometimes we talked to each other very well in class, but after class we become strangers at once

  2) I remembered her words and calm down

  3) Today, it is much easier to be healthy than it is in the past.

  2. 主谓一致

  谓语动词在人称和数上应与主语保持一致

  1)Now my picture and the prize is hanging in the library.

  2)One evening she told me that something happened when her parents was out

  3)Play football not only makes us grow tall and strong

  3. 平行一致

  not only but also ,either or ,neither nor 及and, but, or等并列连词或词组连接的结构可称为平行结构。在平行结构中,词性时态等形式须保持前后一致。

  1) Playing football not only makes but also give us a sense of fair play and team spirit.

  2) I would describe myself as shy and quietly

  3) However, we seldom felt lonely or helplessly

  4. 数的一致

  名词的数须与其修饰语保持一致.

  1) You can find all kinds of information in just a few minute on the Internet

  2) You know, that was a dinner we had waited for several month

  5.主饰一致

  句中主要词(中心词)应与其修饰词保持一致.

  1) I would learn a lot of new words from these books, but I had terribly problems memorizing them.

  2) She said that she and my schoolmate all wished me success.

  3) Unfortunate, there are too many people

  6.指代一致

  用于指代的各类代词应在数,格,性上与上下文保持一致。

  1) And every year more and more people start a stamp collection of your own.

  2) It is us who are to blame for the poverty because we used to

  3) What is more, you have to be friends with your pupils and take good care of him

  7.语态一致

  句中谓语动词或非谓语动词应与上下文语态保持一致。

  1) Books may be keep for four weeks.

  2) I have some records giving to me as birthday gifts.

  8.搭配一致

  句中的固定搭配应保持完整并与上下文一致。

  1) I felt so nervous as I shook like a leaf.

  2) They make their lives by collecting and selling used things.

  3) But it didn t matter that I would win or not

  4) I have neither brothers nor sisters--- in any other words, I am an only child.

  9. 逻辑一致

  这是一种隐蔽性较强且年年必考的错误,检查时应通篇考虑,重点在连词,代词,肯定与否定,及相对应的动词如come与go等

  1) And when I saw your wife and children waiting for me with warm smiles of welcome on their faces, I immediately knew that everything would be all right.

  2) Unfortunately, I won t be able to visit you at the airport although I have classes in the afternoon.

  3) And they must not break the rules too often if we want to win the

    
  
  
  


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