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揭秘如何才能成为一个成功的语言学习者

来源:101教育网整理 2016-08-18 字体大小: 分享到:

  How to Be a Successful Language Learner?

  怎样才能成为一个成功的语言学习者?

  Learning a language is easy. Even a child can do it!

  学会一种语言是很容易的。甚至一个小孩子都能学会!

  Most adults who are learning a second language would disagree with this statement. For them, learning a language is a very difficult task. They need hundreds of hours of study and practice, and even this will no guarantee success for every adult language learner.

  正在学习又一种语言的大多数成年人往往都不会同意这种说法。对成年人来说,学习另一种语言是很难的事。他们需要数个小时去钻研去练习,结果即使是这样,也不一定保证每一个语言的成年人都能学成功。

  Language learning is different from other kinds of learning. Some people who are very intelligent and successful in their fields find it difficult to succeed in language learning. Conversely, some people who are successful language learners find it difficult to succeed in other fields.

  学习语言跟学习其他事物是不同的。有一些人很聪明,在他们自己的专业领域里很有成就,可是却发现很难学会第二种语言。有些人学习语言方面很成功,可是却发现要在其他专业领域取得成就确非易事。

  Language teachers often offer advice to language learners: Read as much as you can in the new language. Practice speaking the language every day. Live with people who speak the language. Don't translate - try to think in the new language. Learn as a child would learn; play with the language.

  语言教师常向学习者提出建议: 尽可能地用你新学语言文字去大量 。 每天都练习说这种语言 。 与操这种语言的人生活在一起 。 不要通过翻译--昼用新学的语言去思考 。 像小孩学话那样;用这种新语言去做游戏 。

  But what does a successful language learner do? Language learning research shows that successful language learners are similar in many ways.

  那么,凡是能学会一种新语言的人都是怎么学的呢?语言学习的研究表明凡是能学会一种新语言的人很多方面都是相似的。

  First of all, successful language learners are independent learners. They do not depend on the book or the teacher; they discover their own way to learn the language, Instead of waiting for the teacher to explain, they try to find the patterns and the rules for themselves. They are good guessers who look for clues and form their own conclusions. When they guess wrong, they guess again. They try to learn from their mistakes.

  首先,凡是学语言学得成功的人都是独立自学的人。他们不领带书本也不依赖老师。他们总是要去发现适合自己的学语言的方法。他们不是等着让教师来解释,而是 自己新自去发现各种和各项规则。他们能找出线索善于猜测,善于形成自己的结论。若猜错了,他们就再猜。他们从错误中学乖。

  Successful language learning is active learning. Therefore, Successful learners do not wait for a chance to use the language; they look for such a chance. They find people who speak the language and they ask these people to correct them when they make a mistake. They will try anything to communicate. They are not afraid to repeat what they hear or to say strange things; they are willing to make mistakes and try again. When communication is difficult, they can accept information what is inexact or incomplete. It is more important for them to learn to think in the language than to know the meaning of very word.

    
  
  
  

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