比如，若文章中有这样一句：He studies geology, or the science of the earth’s crust. 我们根据文章中的 or(也就是说)可以推断出 geology 与 the science of the earth’s crust(研究地壳的科学)同义。又如：
Mark spent the night on the buoy(浮标). In the early morning he fell asleep. He was having a bad dream when a shout woke him up. A ship, the Good Hope, came up and he climbed onto it and thanked the captain. The captain told him that John had been picked up by another ship and the ship’s captain had sent out a message. “Without the message, I would not have found you on the buoy.” he said.
The word he in the last sentence refers to________.
A. the captain that got the message B. the captain that sent the massage
C. John D. Mark
此题答案应选 A，根据 he said 前引号内的句子可知 he 应该指的是“收到信号的那位船长”，并非“发出信号的船长”。