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高中英语作文写作技巧:记叙文

来源:101教育网整理 2016-08-18 字体大小: 分享到:

  记叙文

  记叙文要求学生根据题目提供的信息,组织语言材料,编写成文。一般说来,记叙文有时间、地点、人物、事件、原因和结果六要素,写作时要明确清楚地给予表达。

  1、记人。要注意介绍人物的身世、经历和事迹等。

  第一段:

  in my life i have met many people who are really worth mentioning. but perhaps the most unforgettable person i have ever known is…第二段:

  it is his special quality that is always kept in my memory.

  第三段:列举第一个特点或外貌,在描写时一定要围绕一个主题句展开。

  第四段:列举第二个特点,在描写时也一定要围绕一个主题句展开。

  第五段:谈谈感想。

  例文:

  the most unforgettable teacher

  in my life i have met many people who are really worth mentioning. but perhaps the most unforgettable person i have ever known is my chinese teacher.

  it is his special quality that is always kept in my memory.

  for one thing, i was attracted by his wide range of knowledge. i remember that we students always attended his class with great eagerness because his lectures were humorously delivered, and he never failed to give us valuable advice. nothing seemed difficult to learn through his explanation.

  for another, i was deeply impressed by the respect he showed for us. as he treated us like friends rather than students, we all liked to visit his home for social activities as well as for advice.

  although it is over a year now since i attended his last class, he is the talk of our old classmates, and i know part of him has already stayed in my heart.

  2、叙事。记事文要描写事情发生与发展的过程,叙述事情发生的前因后果等,也就是说在写事件时,应抓住事件发生的时间、地点、人物等几个基本要素。也就是我们常说的五个问题:

  1) what happened?

  2) when did it happen?

  3) where did it happen?

  4) who was involved?

  5) why did it happen?

  抓住这几个问题,一般就能把一个事件完整地表达出来。

  范文:

  an unforgettable examination

  i have experienced many kinds of examination in my life, the most unforgettable of which was the final-examination last term.

  before the examination, i stayed up late in order to get a good score. the next morning i rushed to school without breakfast.

  in the course of the examination, i saw a very difficult problem and it took me a lot of time. i thought hard but couldn’t work it out. soon after i gave up, i fell asleep at my desk. when i woke up , the examination was over, you can imagine what happened in the end.

  i drew a good lesson from this examination. that is, listening attentively and going over your lessons regularly means less work.

  三、书信的写作

  1、称谓:

  无职衔的男子:mr. wang/zhang

  已婚女子:mrs wang/zhao

  未婚女子:miss wang/zhang

  博士:dr. zhang

  教授:pro. lin还有一些表示感情色彩的词。

  如:dear dr. smith/dear madam/dear sir

  2、正文

  正文要从称谓的下一行写起,可以和称谓齐头写,也可以向内缩五个字母写。正文就是要具体地写你想表达的内容,要注意表达清楚、简练,让收信人很容易得知你要表达的内容。

  3、结束语:

  结束语写在正文的下方,另起一行。常用的结束语有:

  best wishes!/ good luck!/give my best wishes to your family!/looking forward to your reply!

  4、签名:

  sincerely yours/yours sincerely/truly yours/yours respectfully/respectfully yours

  例文一:下面是一个叫kurt的人写给父母的家书。

  17th dec.

  dear mother and father,

  i feel very excited at the thought that in another week i shall be with you again on holiday. i have enjoyed my stay in england very much indeed. mr. dowson and my fellow students are all very nice to me. but, as they say in england, “there’s no place like home,” and i think one feels this above all at christmas time.

  i am leaving here early on thursday, the 23rd, and i shall arrive in basle on friday morning, so i shall be home somewhere about lunch time. can you meet me at the station, as i shall have a lot of luggage?

  i’ve got some christmas presents for you all. i’m not going to tell you what your presents are, so it will be a surprise. i hope you will like them.

  how are you all at home? i hope you are all keeping well. see that father always puts on his big coat when he goes out, so that he doesn’t catch cold. i can’t say how much i want to see you and my brother all again.

  love and all good wishes,

  kurt

  例文二:写求职信的一般模式

  dear 1 ,

  i would like to apply for a position in your company. 2 .

  i enclose my resume which describes my education and work experience. 3 .

  i would appreciate it very much if you could give me a chance. i look forward to your reply.

  yours sincerely,

  4

  上述内容中所填的内容依次是:

  ① 正确的称谓

  ② 信息来源及求职原因

  ③ 具体介绍自己的情况及适合这职位的原因

  ④ 署名

  四、说明文

  说明文就是用简单的文字说明事物的特点、类别、构造、用途、成因等。它包括广告、知识小品、教材、书文简介、理论性概念或定律的解释。

  写说明文应清楚以下几点:

  1、条理分明,遵循空间顺序、时间顺序、逻辑顺序、因果关系。

  2、说明文要浅显、准确、简介,避免过分的夸张。

  例文一:以“how to protect your eyes”为题写一篇130字左右的文章。

  how to protect your eyes

  “eyes are windows of the soul,” people often say. everyone understands how important the eyes are. but how to protect eyesight remains a question among us students, at least many of us. if you want to protect your eyesight, you must pay attention to the following points:

  first, you should not keep your eyes working for a long time. after you have studied for a ling time, about an hour or so, you had better have a rest by looking in the long distance.

  secondly, you should keep your book about a foot away from your eyes when you read it. you should also keep in mind, “don’t read in a poor light or in the sun; don’t read in the moving bus or in bed.” doing eye-exercises will help you keep good eyesight.

  if you fail to keep these rules, you will become short-sighted sooner or later.

  例文二:

  你到杭州游览,报上介绍三家酒店,情况如下:

  酒店a,四星级,位于火车站旁,房间和各种设施条件良好。

  酒店b,四星级,位于著名的西湖旁,景致极好。

  酒店c,二星级,位于离开西湖仅5分钟步行路程的一条小马路上。

  你会选择哪家,请说出你的理由。

  i will choose the two-star-hotel near the west lake.

  first, i am a student. i can’t afford my own living now. so there is no need to waste money to choose a four-star hotel. it is a waste of money.

  second, this hotel is quite near to the west lake. it only takes me five minutes’ walk. so i don’t need to pay for taxies or buses. it is very convenient for me to visit the west lake anytime i want.

  and with all the money i have saved, i can enjoy a more exciting visit to the west lake. i can visit more places, play more games and also enjoy more good food.

  though the hotel is not as beautiful as the other two hotels, and its services may not be as good as those two hotels, i will still choose this hotel because i think i can enjoy my several days’ trip here.

上一篇:高中英语学习:如何提高英语的听力水平

下一篇:高考听力宝典:注重技巧,知己知彼(理)

高一期末考前辅导
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