Jane was walking round the department store. She remembered how difficult (1) was to choose a suitable Christmas present for her father. She wished that he was as easy (2) (please) as her mother, who was always delighted with perfume.
Besides, shopping at this time of the year was not (3) pleasant experience: people stepped on your feet or (4) (push) you with their elbows(肘部), hurrying ahead to get to a bargain.
Jane paused in front of a counter (5) some attractive ties were on display. “They are real silk,” the assistant tried to attract her. “Worth double the price.” But Jane knew from past experience that her (6) (choose) of ties hardly ever pleased her father.
Jane stopped where a small crowd of men had gathered. She found some good quality pipes(7) sale. She did not hesitate for long: although her father smoked a pipe only once in a while, she knew that this was a present which was bound to please (8) .
When Jane got home，with her small but well-chosen present in her bag，her parents were already(9) table having supper. Her mother was excited. “Your father has at last decided to stop smoking,” Jane (10) (inform).
解析：做语法填空时，务必先通览全文，了解大意，以便填词时有的放矢;其次，注意命题要求，一般来说，不会要求同学们根据上下文填写名词、动词、较长的形容词或副词等，而常侧重考查冠词、代词、介词、连词，词组的固定用法，另外还要特别注意动词的非谓语形式(to do, doing或done结构)。
(1)it (2)pleased (3)a
(6)choice (7)on (8)him
(9)at (10)was informed
Almost everybody in America will spend a part of his or her life behind a shopping cart(购物手推车). They will, in a lifetime, push the chrome-plated contraptions many miles. But few will know——or even think to ask——who it was that invented them.
Sylvan N. Goldman invented the shopping cart in 1937. At that time he was in the supermarket business. Every day he would see shoppers lugging(吃力地携带) groceries around in baskets they had to carry.
One day Goldman suddenly had the idea of putting baskets on wheels. The wheeled baskets would make shopping much easier for his customers, and would help to attract more business.
On June 4th, 1937, Goldman’s first carts were ready for use in his market. He was terribly excited on the morning of that day as customers began arriving. He couldn’t wait to see them using his invention.
But Goldman was disappointed.Most shoppers gave the carts a long look, but hardly anybody would give them a try.
After a while, Goldman decided to ask customers why they weren’t using his carts. “Don’t you think this arm is strong enough to carry a shopping basket?” one shopper replied.
But Goldman wasn’t beaten yet. He knew his carts would be a great success if only he could persuade people to give them a try. To this end, Goldman hired a group of people to push carts around his market and pretend they were shopping! Seeing this, the real customers gradually began copying the phony(假冒的) customers.
As Goldman had hoped, the carts were soon attracting larger and larger numbers of customers to his market. But not only did more people come——those who came bought more. With larger, easier-to-handle baskets, customers unconsciously bought a greater number of items than before.
Today’s shopping carts are five times larger than Goldman’s original model. Perhaps that’s one reason Americans today spend more than five times as much money on food each year as they did before 1937——before the coming of the shopping cart.
(1)The underlined words“chrome-plate contraptions” in Paragraph 1 refer to ___________.(No more than 3 words)
(2)What was the purpose of Goldman’s invention? (No more than 10 words)
(3)Why was Goldman disappointed at first? (No more than 10 words)
(4)Why did Goldman hire people to push carts around his market? (No more than 10 words)
(5)What do you think of Goldman? Please give your reasons. (No more than 20 words)
(2)It was to make shopping easier and attract more business.
(3)Because few customers used his carts.
(4)Because he wanted to promote his shopping carts.
(5)He was a smart businessman. He invented the shopping cart and made it accepted by customers. / He was smart but he shouldn’t have used tricks to attract customers.
One rainy day while I was walking home with one of my friend, a truck came to a stop besides us. The driver put the window down and offered us a umbrella because he found we were wet through. I stood there and couldn’t believe in that a complete stranger is so thoughtful. The man insisted, so I grateful accepted the offer, thanked him and watched the truck disappear down the road. This man might need the umbrella himself, and he preferred to give it to everyone else. It was a lesson to us that it was possible give without expect anything in return.
One rainy day while I was walking home with one of my friend(friends), a trunk came to a stop besides(beside) us. The driver put the window down and offered us a(an) umbrella because he found we were wet through. I stood there and couldn’t believe in(删掉in)that a complete stranger is(was) so thoughtful. The man insisted, so I grateful (gratefully)accepted the offer, thanked him and watched the truck disappear down the road. This man might need the umbrella himself, and (but) he preferred to give it to everyone (someone/somebody) else. It was a lesson to us that it was possible(∧to)give without expect (expecting) anything in return.
(1)Tennis is getting more and more popular in Shanghai.
(2)I think your suggestion is as valuable as theirs.
(3)Drinking only a cup of coffee will keep me awake all night.
(4)A film will be made in memory of those brave fire fighters.
(5)It was three days later she remembered leaving/having left her raincoat in the language lab.
K: You are late again.
S: Sorry, but there was a traffic (1) j_____.
K: It’s always the same excuse. Try to think of something better next time.
S: But I’m telling the truth! There was an (2) a_____ in the cross-harbor tunnel. I don’t think anyone was hurt but it (3) t_____ the police over an hour to clear it. Anyway, how are you? You look a bit tired.
K: Well, actually, I’ve been (4) q_____ with my grandmother again. I feel sad because if things go (5) w_____, she blames me, even though it’s not my fault.
S: What did your grandma say?
K: Her favorite expression_r_r_r_r is “Young people are not as well behaved as they (6) u_____ to be.” She always complains that I don’t show her enough (7) r_____.
S: Well, try and understand her. She can’t do all the things she did(8) w_____ she was young. It must be very frustrating. Just think, one day we’ll be old…
K: You’re right. I should be more (9) u_____. I think I’ll buy her a present and apologize.
S: Right. Now you are feeling a bit better, it’s your turn to help me. Could you give me a hand with my maths homework?
K: Maths again! OK, but can we find somewhere to (10) e_____ first? I’m starving!