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高考完型填空全揭秘(理)

来源:101教育网整理 2016-08-18 字体大小: 分享到:

  完型填空是高考中一个重要题型,其命题形式就是给考生一篇语句连贯的短文, 字数通常在200-300词之间,出题者有目的地在每隔10-15个词后去除一处词语,形成20处空缺,然后在相应的空缺处置包括三个干扰项在内的四个备选答案,需要考生从四个选项中选出一个最佳的答案。

  家长“爱的鼓励”成高考考生最怕“紧箍咒”

  在历年高考中完型填空是比较容易失分的题目,虽然看上去也是选择题,但却与语法和词汇的单项选择题大不一样。完型填空综合考察学生的语言知识、阅读能力和总体语言水平,检查学生在有信息空缺的前提下理解整篇文章的能力,要求通过上下文判断,选择恰当的单词或词组填入空格中,使之成为上下合乎逻辑、语言通顺、意义连贯的文章。

  完型填空的解题思路

  很多同学在做完型填空的时候,喜欢看一题做一题,结果错误率极高,因为他放弃了文章对于每一个空格的限制和约束.完型填空是一篇语言紧凑,内容严紧的文章,因此绝对不可以脱离文章背景信息,依靠"感觉"或所谓"语感"进行无根据猜测的。解出完型填空的基本方法实际上就是:通过已知信息破解未知信息。

  做好完型填空要按照 “三步法” 原则,按部就班的进行

  1. 通读全文,了解大意

  2. 把握全篇, 注意语法

  3. 代入检查, 提高成绩

  2005年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(全国1)

  One afternoon I was sitting at my favorite table in a restaurant , waiting for the food I had ordered to arrive . Suddenly I 36 that a man sitting at a table near the window kept glancing in my direction , 37 he knew me . The man had a newspaper 38 in front of him , which he was 39 to read , but I could 40 that he was keeping an eye on me . When the waiter brought my 41 the man was clearly puzzled (困惑) by the 42 way in which the waiter and I 43 each other . He seemed even more puzzled as 44 went on and it became 45 that all the waiters in the restaurant knew me . Finally he got up and went into the 46 . When he came out , he paid his bill and 47 without another glance in my direction .

  I called the owner of the restaurant and asked what the man had 48 . “Well,” he said , “that man was a detective (侦探) . He 49 you here because he thought you were the man he 50 .” “What ?” I said , showing my 51 . The owner continued , “He came into the kitchen and showed me a photo of the wanted man. I 52 say he looked very much like you ! Of course , since we know you , we told him that he had made a 53 .” “Well , it’s really 54 I came to a restaurant where I’m known ,” I said . “ 55 , I might have been in trouble .”

  36.A.knew B.understood C.noticed D.recognized

  37.A.since B.even if C.though D.as if

  38.A.flat B.open C.cut D.fixed

  39.A.hoping B.thinking C.pretending D.continuing

  40.A.see B.find C.guess D.learn

  41.A.menu B.bill C.paper D.food

  42.A.direct B.familiar C.strange D.funny

  43.A.chatted with B.looked at C.laughed at D.talked about

  44.A.the waiter B.time C.I D.the dinner

  45.A.true B.hopeful C.clear D.possible

  46.A.restaurant B.washroom C.office D.kitchen

  47.A.left B.acted C.sat down D.calmed down

  48.A.wanted B.tried C.ordered D.wished

  49.A.met B.caught C.followed D.discovered

  50.A.was to beat B.was dealing with C.was to meet D.was looking for

  51.A.care B.surprise C.worry D.regret

  52.A.must B.can C.need D.may

  53.A.discovery B.mistake C.decision D.fortune

  54.A.a pity B.natural C.a chance D.lucky

  55.A.Thus B.However C.Otherwise D.Therefore

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