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高考英语写作提高关键:善用句型语法和词汇(理)

来源:101教育网整理 2016-08-18 字体大小: 分享到:

  很多考生在面对高考英语作文部分时往往觉得无从下手,只能机械地写出几个连自己都觉得太平淡的简单句因此造成较多失分。其原因很明显:首先,在听说读写四项技能中,写作无疑是难度最大的一项。其次,大家平时最容易忽视的,最缺乏练习的就是写作。

  然而,高考写作是有规律可循的。通过恰当的练习,考生们完全可以在较短的时间内取得较大的提高,这在的课堂是屡见不鲜的。

  高考作文采用总体评分方式,评分标准集中在四个方面:

  1.覆盖所有内容要点;

  2.应用了较多的语法结构和词汇;

  3.在使用复杂结构或高级词汇时允许有些许错误;

  4.有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,全文结构紧凑。

  大部分考生在句型词汇及句子连接方面达不到要求,导致低分。本文以2001年考题为例,谈一谈如何运用较复杂的句型语法结构和词汇。

  2001年考题:

  假设你是李华,你的澳大利亚朋友Dick听说中国的中小学正在减轻学生的学习负担, 来信询问有关情况。请你根据下表提供的信息,写一封回信,谈一谈减负给你的学习和生活带来的变化。

  周末活动 (减负前) 周末活动:(减负后)

  白天: 上课,做作业 白天: 餐馆博物馆,学习电脑,绘画

  晚上: 做作业 晚上: 看新闻,读书,看报

  就寝时间: 11:30 就寝时间: 10:00

  注意:

  1.词数为100左右

  2.开头已为你写好

  3.生词: 减轻学习负担—reduce learning load

  Dear Dick,

  How nice to hear from you again…….

  当年大部分考生只是对图表进行了简单的翻译,导致文章异常单调、重复,分数很不理想。如何才能在简单的内容上运用较复杂的句型词汇呢?考生在写“减负前”的情况时只会简单地写: I always had classes and did homework in the daytime and did homework at night. I often went to bed at 11:30. 这无异于简单机械地翻译中文!得分可想而知!

  其实考生完全可以使用学过的比较复杂的句型语法结构。例如我们可以使用too…to句型:I was too busy having classes and doing homework at weekends to go to bed before 11:30. 我们也可以使用定语从句: I used to spend whole weekends attending classes and doing homework, which often kept me up until 11:30 at night. 我们还可以使用倒装句:Not until 11:30 PM could I go to bed because I had to finish my homework after having lessons by day. 或者:So busy was I attending classes and doing homework that I could not go to sleep before 11:30 at night. 我们甚至还可以使用拟人手法:Weekends used to find me attending school and doing homework.

  由此读者可以看出:高分和低分的作文的区别主要体现在语言形式方面。故考生努力的方向就应该是有意识地,恰当地使用比较复杂的句型语法和词汇。读者应先培养这种意识,然后进行大量练习。下面的练习重点训练的就是句型词汇和有效连接,请读者不要进行简单的翻译,而是通读上下文,尽量多地使用复杂多样的句型词汇。

  根据2001年考题填空。

  Dear Dick,

  How nice to hear from you again.

  1.过去______________, I used to have classes all day and do homework at night. And I didn’t go to bed until 11:30.

  2.连接词______________, nowadays, I have more time做我想做的_______________________________________________________________.

  周末变得更加丰富多彩了_________________________________________________________________.

  3.白天___________________________, I often visit museums or 学电脑及绘画____________________________________________________.

  使用拟人句_________________________________________________________________.

  4.In the evening,使用either…or句型_________________________________________________________________.

  5.而且________________________________________________, I go to bed/sleep earlier than before—at ten o’clock.

  6.发挥一句I hope __________________________________________________________________.

  参考答案:

  1.过去In the past , I used to have classes all day and do homework at night. And I didn’t go to bed until 11:30.

  2.连接词Fortunately/ However, nowadays, I have more time 做我想做的to do what I desire/like/ choose/ want/ prefer/am fond of .周末更加丰富多彩了the weekends have become more interesting/fun/ less tiring/ no longer study-centered/ exam-oriented .

  3.白天In the daytime/ during the day, I often visit museums or 学电脑及绘画learn computer and drawing/go to computer and drawing lessons.

  使用拟人句 Daytime finds me visiting museums or learning computer and drawing.

  4.In the evening, 使用either…or句型I can either watch news reports or read newspapers and books.

  5.而且What is more/In addition/ Besides/ More importantly, I go to bed/sleep earlier than before—at ten o’clock.

  6.发挥一句I hope things won’t have to change in the future/ can become even better/ the learning load could be further reduced. I hope you are also enjoying pleasant weekends now.

上一篇:多了词汇难了改错英语复习“死”求“活”(理)

下一篇:背诵课文行之有效中差生高考英语冲刺技巧(理)

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