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2011年高考英语词汇分类复习:批评和表扬

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  表示态度的几对词

  证实:verify, prove, substantiate, corroborate, confirm

  反驳:refute, disprove, controvert, contradict

  支持(认可): endorse, support, encourage, reinforce, countenance, approve

  反对(抗议):oppose, demur, deprecate, quibble, defy

  肯定,断言:aver, assert, affirm, proclaim

  否定:deny, gainsay, repudiate, disclaim, n

  一、小心谨慎 adj.

  wary

  cautious

  discreet

  leery

  prudent

  meticulous

  punctilious

  chary

  二、仓促,草率 adj.

  hasty

  premature

  cursory

  perfunctory

  slipshod

  facile

  鲁莽

  daredevil

  rash

  impetuous

  reckless

  temerity(n.)

  三、易怒、易发脾气的 adj.

  irritable

  peevish

  petulant

  cantankerous

  choleric

  crabbed

  fractious

  四、自负、傲慢 adj.

  自负

  arrogant

  presumptuous

  overweening

  pompous

  consequential

  self-conceited

  pretentious

  smug

  hubris n.

  傲慢

  haughty

  contemptuous

  supercilious

  五、阻碍 v.

  retard

  check

  hinder

  impede

  arrest

  balk

  obstruct

  stymie

  stem

  stunt

  cumber

  forestall

  六、缺乏,不足 adj.

  devoid

  scarce

  scanty

  insufficient

  lack

  deficient

  inadequate

  meager

  dearth

  七、批评、谴责 v.

  denounce

  condemn

  reprehend

  rail

  censure

  upbraid

  chastise

  vituperate

  blame

  scold

  castigate

  reprimand

  reprove

  rebuke

  chide

  reproach

  opprobrium

  impugn

  八、表扬,赞扬 v.

  commend

  extol

  exalt

  acclaim

  laud

  eulogize

  accolade

  applaud

  glorify

  celebrate

  九、贬低、诋毁 v.

  detract

  belittle

  derogate

  demean

  disparage

  depreciate

  十、节俭、吝啬 adj.

  frugal

  thrifty

  husbandly

  parsimonious

  stingy

  spare

  miserly

  penurious

  niggardly

  十一、慷慨大方 adj.

  generous

  munificent

  unstinting

  magnanimous

  openhanded

    
  
  
  

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