4小时期中特训营

高二

101教育热线电话
400-6869-101
微信
当前位置: 首页 > 高二> 高二英语> 高二英语学习方法

高中英语知识点(动词)

来源:101教育网整理 2016-08-18 字体大小: 分享到:

  (动词的时态与语态、情态动词、非谓语动词【分词{现在、过去}、动名词】)系动词、助动词、动词辨析)

  分词 分词分为现在分词和过去分词两种,是一种非谓语动词形式.相关知识点精讲:

  1.现在分词的用法:

  1) 做表语: Thatbook was rather boring. 很多动词的现在分词都可以作表语:

  exciting,interesting, encouraging, disappointing, confusing, touching, puzzling.

  2) 作定语:That musthave been a terrifying experience. I found him a charming person.

  现在分词短语还可以放在名词的后面修饰名词, 相当于一个定语从句:

  There are a few boysswimming in the river.There is a car waiting outside.

  3) 作状语:现在分词短语可以表示一个同时发生的次要的或伴随的动作:

  Following Tom, westarted to climb the mountain Opening the drawer, he took out a box.

  现在分词短语还可以表示原因,相当于一个原因状语从句:

  Not knowing heraddress, we couldn’t get in touch with her.

  现在分词短语还可以表示时间,相当于一个时间状语从句:

  Hearing the news,they all jumped with joy. Jim hurt hisarm while playing tennis.

  Be careful whencrossing the road.

  4)作宾补: 现在分词在一些动词之后可以做宾语的补语:

  例如, see,hear, catch, find, keep , have 等. I see himpassing my house every day.

  Ismelt something burning. She kept himworking all day.

  2.过去分词的用法:

  1) 作表语:

  She felt confused, andeven frightened. I’m satisfied with your answer. He is not interested inresearch.

  2) 作定语:Theteacher gave us a satisfied smile.

  cooked food a written report fried eggs boiled water fallen leaves

  What’s the language spoken in thatcountry?

  3)作状语:Seen fromthe hill, the city looks magnificent. They came in, followed by some children.

  4)作宾补: 过去分词也同样可以作宾语的补语, 接在某些动词后面

  I will have theclothes washed tomorrow. When they get back home, they found the room robbed.

上一篇:2014高考英语高分攻略

下一篇:高中英语知识点(形容词和副词)

高二期末考前辅导
标签: 非谓语动词 (责任编辑:101教育小编)
4小时期中特训营
10秒填写领取春季规划方案
姓名
手机号
年级
*图形验证码
获取验证码
提交