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七下英语人称代词 物主代词和反身代词复习练习

来源:101教育网整理 2014-10-16 字体大小: 分享到:

  一、人称代词
  1、人称代词的用法
  (1)通常主格作主语(在句首,动词前)。
  例如:I like table tennis.(作主语)
  (2)宾格作宾语(在动词或介词后)或作表语(在be动词后)。
  例如:Do you know him?(作宾语)
  ---Who is knocking at the door?
  ---It’s me.(作表语)
  (3)人称代词在than之后与其他人或事物进行比较时,用主格和宾格都可以。
  例如:He is older than I/me.
  (4)单独使用的人称代词通常用宾格,即使它代表主语时也是如此。
  例如:---I like English. 我喜欢英语。
  ---Me too. 我也喜欢。
  2、人称代词并列时的排列顺序
  (1)单数人称代词并列作主语时,其顺序为:第二人称→第三人称→第一人称,即you, he/she/it and I(若错误责任,第一人称应当先)。
  例如:It was I and John that made her angry.
  2)复数人称代词作主语时,其顺序为:第一人称→第二人称→第三人称,即we, you and they
  二、物主代词
  表示所有关系的代词叫物主代词。物主代词分形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词。
  1、形容词性物主代词的作用相当于形容词,在名词前作定语,不能单独使用。
  例如:Our teacher is coming to see us.
  This is her pencil-box.
  2、名词性物主代词的作用相当于名词。为了避免重复使用名词,我们经常用名词性物主代词来代替“形容词性物主代词+名词”的形式, 在句中可用作主语、宾语和表语,只能能单独使用。
  例如:Our school is here, and theirs is there.(theirs = their school,作主语)
  Is this English book yours? (yours = your English book,作表语)
  I"ve already finished my homework. Have you finished yours? (yours = your homework,作宾语)
  Is this your book or mine? 这本书是你的还是我的?
  三、反身代词
  英语中用来表示"我自己"、"你自己"、"他自己"、"我们自己"、"你们自己"、"他/她/它们自己"等意义的代词称为反身代词。反身代词可以在句中作宾语、表语和同位语。
  1、作宾语,表示动作的承受者就是动作的发出者,主语和宾语指同一个人或一些人。
  例如:We enjoyed ourselves very much last night. 我们昨晚玩的很开心。
  Please help yourself to some fish. 请你随便吃点鱼。
  2、作表语。
  例如:It doesn"t matter.I"ll be myself soon.
  3、作主语或宾语的同位语,表示亲自或本人。主要用于加强被修饰词的语气,可紧放在被修饰名词后或句末。
  例如:I myself washed the clothes.(=I washed the clothes myself.)(作主语同位语)
  You should ask the teacher himself.(作宾语同位语)
  4、常用短语:by oneself 亲自/独自, enjoy oneself 玩得开心, dress oneself 自己穿衣服
  附:人称代词、物主代词和反身代词一览表
  第 一 人 称 第 二 人称 第 三 人 称
  单数 复数 单数 复数 单 数 复数
  人
  称
  代
  词 主格 I
  我 we
  我们 you
  你 you
  你们 he
  他 she
  她 it
  它 they
  他/她/它们
  宾格 me
  我 us
  我们 you
  你 you
  你们 him
  他 her
  她 it
  它 them
  他/她/它们
  物
  主
  代
  词 形容词性
  物主代词 my
  我的 our
  我们的 your
  你的 your
  你们的 his
  他的 her
  她的 its
  它的 their
  他/她/它们的
  名词性
  物主代词 mine
  我的 ours
  我们的 yours
  你的 yours
  你们的 his
  他的 hers
  她的 its
  它的 theirs
  他/她/它们的
  反身代词 myself
  我自己 ourselves
  我们自己 yourself
  你自己 yourselves
  你们自己 himself
  他自己 herself
  她自己 itself
  它自己 themselves
  他/她/它们自己
  人称代词、物主代词和反身代词专项训练
  一、选择题。
  ( )1. _____ will spend the summer vacation in Qingdao.
  A. He, you and I B. You, he and I C. I, you and he
  ( )2.—Who is singing there?
  —_____ is Li Ming"s sister.
  A. She B. This C. It
  ( )3. She is an old classmate of _____.
  A. me B. my C. mine
  ( )4. Take care of _____.
  A. myself B. you C. yourself
  ( )5. Mr. Zhang praised _____ for his progress in studies.
  A. he B. him C. his
  ( )6. The radio is almost the same as _____.
  A. She"s B. her C. hers
  ( )7. I bought a nice skirt for _____.
  A. she B. her C. herself
  ( )8. ______ is a close friend of _______.
  A. She, mine B. Her, mine, C. She, my D. Hers, my
  ( )9. _____ task will be completed soon.
  A. Ours B. Ourselves C. Our
  ( )10. We should be strict with ____ in study.
  A. myself B. our own C. ourselves
  ( )11.You can not finish the work ________. Let ______ help you.
  A. youself, me B. yourself, mine C. yourselves, me D. yourself, me
  ( )12._______ work is heavy, but ___________ is heavier than _________.
  A. Our, their, our B. Our, theirs, ours C. Ours, theirs, our D. Our, their, ours
  ( )13.Our teacher asked us to enjoy _________ during the summer holidays.
  A. us B. ours C. we D. ourselves
  ( )14.He always thinks of others and never thinks of _________.
  A. him B. us C. his D. himself
  ( )15.Music makes ______ relaxing.
  A. us B. ours C. we D. he
  ( )16.---What"s Tom"s phone number?
  ---_____ phone number is 81826753.
  A. He"s B. His C. He D. Her
  二、选择填空题。
  1._______ (He, Her, His ) mane is Jack. . _______ (She, He, His) is a cook.
  2._______ (I,My,Mine)aunt is a nurse. ______ (She, He, Her) works very hard.
  3.Please show _______ (me, I, mine ) the way.
  4.The books aren"t _____ ( my, mine, I ). ________ (They, It, Its ) may be _______(her, hers, your).
  5.Let ______(I, me, mine) tell _______(her, she, hers ) how to do it.
  6.Help _____ (you, your, yourself ) to some fish, please.
  7.Don"t tell _______ (he, him, his ) the answer. _____ (I,Me,Us )believe that _____ (he, him, his ) can work out the problem ______ (he, himself, him)
  8. " It"s going to snow," the old woman said to _______. (her, herself, hers)
  9.The lady under the tree is _______(mine, my, me) aunt. _______(She, Her, Herself) often sings English songs with _______( her, hers, she ) husband.
  10.A friend of _____( me, my, mine) came to help _______ (I, me, mine) with _____(mine, my, I ) homework yesterday afternoon.
  11.Be careful not to make ___________ (you, your, yourself) dirty.
  12.Tom and Jack are brothers. This is _____ (they, their, them) room.
  参考答案:
  一、1—5 BCCCB 6—10 CBACC 11—15 ABDDA 16 B
  二、1. His He 2. My She 3. me 4. mine It hers 5. me her 6. yourself 7. him I he himself
  8. herself 9. my She her 10. mine me my 11. yourself 12. their

标签: 英语 (责任编辑: 101教育小编 )
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