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七年级英语下册7B语法一般过去时专题复习

来源:101教育网整理 2014-10-16 字体大小: 分享到:

  7B语法复习:一般过去时
  一般过去时态:表示过去某一时间所发生的动作或存在的状态。谓语动词要用一般过去式。经常与yesterday(昨天), last week(上周), last month(上个月), last year(去年), two months ago(两个月前), the day before yesterday(前天),in 1990 (在1990年), in those days (在那些日子里)等表示过去的时间状语连用。
  如: I was born in 1990. (我出生在1990年)。
  When did you go to the park? (你是什么时候去的公园)。
  I went to the park last week. (我是上周去的公园)
  在上面的句子中第一句属于be动词的一般过去时态;第二句和第三句属于实义动词的一般过去时态。
  1. Be 动词的一般过去时态
  在没有实义动词的句子中使用be动词, am is 的过去式为was; are的过去式为were.
  构成:肯定句:主语+was (were) +宾语
  如:I was late yesterday. (昨天我迟到了。)
  否定句:主语+was (were) +not+宾语
  如:We weren"t late yesterday. (我们昨天没迟到)
  疑问句:Was (Were) +主语+宾语
  如: Were you ill yesterday? (你昨天病了吗?)
  肯定回答: Yes, I was. (是的,我病了。) 否定句: No, I wasn"t. (不,我没病。)
  特殊疑问句: 特殊疑问词+was (were) +主语+宾语
  如:When were you born? 你是什么时候出生的?
  2. 实义动词的一般过去时态
  肯定句要使用动词的过去式,否定句和疑问句要使用助动词do和 does 的过去式 did.
  肯定句为:主语+动词过去式+宾语
  如: I went home at nine o"clock yesterday.(我昨天九点钟回的家。)
  否定句:主语+didn"t +动词原形+宾语
  如:I didn"t go home yesterday. (我昨天没回家。)
  疑问句:Did +主语+动词原形+宾语
  如: Did you go home yesterday? (你昨天回家了吗?)
  肯定回答:Yes, I did. (是的,我回了。)否定回答:No, I didn"t. (不,我没回家。)
  一、单项选择: 从下列各题后所给的四个选项中选择最佳答案填空。
  ( )1. My father______ill yesterday.
  A. isn"t B. aren"t C. wasn"t D. weren"t
  ( )2. ______your parents at home last week﹖
  A. Is B. Was C. Are D. Were
  ( )3. The twins______in Dalian last year. They______here now.
  A. are; were B. were; are C. was; are D. were; was
  ( )4. ______your father at work the day_____yesterday(前天)﹖
  A. Was; before B. Is; before C. Was; after D. Is; after
  ( )5. —Who was on duty last Friday﹖  —______.
  A. I am B. I was C. Yes, I was D. No, I wasn"t
  ( ) 6. She watered the flowers ________.
  A tomorrow B sometimes C yesterday morning
  ( ) 7.What ____ Mike do last weekend ? A do B does C did
  ( ) 8. I ___ my room last Sunday. A cleaned B clean C am cleaning
  ( ) 9. I often help my mother _____ housework. A does B did C do
  ( ) 10. _____ you _____ TV last night ?
  A Do, watch B Did, watch C Did, watched
  ( ) 11.---Did your father write an e-mail yesterday ?
  A Yes, he did. B Yes, he does C No, he don"t
  二、 用括号中所给词的适当形式填空。
  1. I ___________ (have ) an exciting party last weekend.
  2. --_______she ____(play) her guitar (吉他) yesterday?--No, she ____.
  3.-What ___________Tom __________ (do) on Saturday evening?
  --He _________(watch) TV and __________(read) an interesting book.
  4. They all ____________(go) to the mountains yesterday morning.
  5. She _____________(not visit) her aunt last weekend.
  She ____________(stay) at home and ___________(do) some cleaning.
  6. -When __________ you ____________(write) this song?
  --I ____________(write) it last year.
  7.My friend, Carol, _______(study) for the maths test and ____________(practise) English last night.
  8. --____ Mr Li _____ (do) the project on Monday morning.--Yes, he ___.
  9. -How _______________(be) Jim"s weekend? --It ____________(be not ) bad.
  10. --__________(be) your mother a sales assistant(售货员) last year?
  --No, she ______________.
  11. I ____________(go) to the park last weekend.
  12. When ___________Sam ____________(do) his homework last night?
  13. Linda _____________(clean) the room yesterday.
  14. My grandfather _____________(be) sick last week.
  15. He often ______(play) basketball after school when he was a student.
  16. They ____________(be)very happy to hear the good news yesterday.
  17. I _______________(see) him today. He went to see his grandmother.
  18. I ______________(be) busy last week.
  19. Mary ____________(not visit) her aunt last month.
  20. There ____________(be) a lot of people in this village five years ago.
  21. I _______________(buy) a new dictionary the day before yesterday.
  22. She _______________(give) me a book a moment ago.
  23. The girl _______________(get) up early this morning.
  24. They _______________(take) photos near the river an hour ago.
  25. He __________________(not draw) pictures yesterday evening.
  26. Mr Green _____________(come) to visit me last night.
  27. The teacher _______________(agree)(同意) to our idea yesterday.
  28. He said he _________________(feel) terrible.
  29. They _____________(make) him work twelve hours a day last year.
  30. I _______________(see) him in the library two days ago.
  31. She ________(write) her address on the blackboard ten minutes ago.
  32. The government ______________(build) a new bridge last year.
  33. Tom ___________(spend) the weekend with the animals into the zoo.
  34. Linda _______________(know) the bad news right now.
  35. The boss(老板) __________(drive) his car to London for a holiday.
  三、翻译下列句子(20)
  1. 我过了一个忙碌但却刺激的周末。
  I _________ _________ __________ __________ exciting weekend.
  2. Jenny喜欢看书。昨晚她看了一本英语书。
  Jenny likes _________ __________. She _________ an English book last night.
  3. Emma每天都看电视。可是昨天他没有看。
  Emma__________ TV every day. But he _________ ________ ________ yesterday.
  4. 上周六他们做什么了?他们做作业和购物了。
  What ________ they _________ _________ Saturday?
  They _________ __________ homework and _________ __________.
  5. 今天早上方方得做早饭,因为他父亲不在家。
  This morning Fangfang __ __ __ __ __ __ ___ _ because his father ___ __ __ ___ __ __ yesterday.
  四、改写句子:(20)
  1、Lucy did her homework at home.(改否定句)
  Lucy ___________ ___________ her homework at home.
  2、He found some meat in the fridge(冰箱).(变一般疑问句)
  ___________ he __________ ___________ meat in the fridge?
  3、She stayed there for a week.(对划线部分提问)
  __________ ___________ __________ she __________ there?
  4、There was some orange in the cup.(变一般疑问句)
  _________ there ___________ orange in the cup?
  5. Father bought me a new bike.(改为否定句)
  Father _________ __________ _________ __________ __________ _________ me.
  6. Frank read an interesting book about history.(改为一般疑问句)
  ___________ Frank ____________ an interesting book about history?
  7. He cleaned his room yesterday. (对划线部分提问)
  _ __ _ _ he __ _ yesterday?
  8. Thomas spent 10 yuan on this book.(改为否定句)
  Thomas ________ _________ 10 yuan on this book.
  9. My family went to the beach last week.(对划线部分提问)
  _________ ________ __________ family ___________ last week?
  10. I had some friends.(改为否定句和一般疑问句)
  I________ ________ ___________ friends.
  __________ __________ have ___________ friends?
  11. Sally did some reading in the morning last year.(改为否定句)
  Sally _________ _________ _________ __________in the morning last year.
  12. She did some washing yesterday.(改为一般疑问句)
  __________ _________ _________ __________ washing yesterday?
  13. We visited our teacher last night.(对划线部分提问)
  _________ _________ you ________ last night?
  14. Do you go to school by bus every Monday?(用 last Monday 替换 every Monday)
  _________ you ___________ to school by bus ___________ ______________?
  15. There was some water in the bottle.(改为一般疑问句)
  ________ __________ _________ _________ in the bottle?
  五、 改错题
  1.How is Jane yesterday? _____________________
  2.He go to school by bus last week. ____________________________
  3.He often goes home at 6:00 last month. ____________________________
  4.I can fly kites seven years ago. ______________________________
  5.Did you saw him just now. ____________________________________
  6.Tom wasn"t watch TV last night. _____________________
  7.I didn" t my homework yesterday_____________________
  8.He is waiting for you three hours ago. _____________________
  9.Who find it just now? _____________________

标签: 英语 (责任编辑: 101教育小编 )
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