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七年级英语:形容词ashamed的两个搭配

来源:101教育网整理 2014-10-16 字体大小: 分享到:

  1. be ashamed of (doing) sth 对(做)某事感到羞愧或惭愧。如:

  You really ought to be ashamed of that. 你实在应该对此感到惭愧。

  He was ashamed of asking [having asked]such a simple question. 他由于问了这样简单的问题而感到难为情。

  He is ashamed of his failure [having failed]. 他对自己的失败感到羞惭。

  比较以下同义句型:

  I am ashamed of that. / I am ashamed of myself for that. 我对此感到羞愧。

  He is ashamed of being poor. / He is ashamed of himself for being poor. 他因为穷而感到羞惭。

  2. be ashamed to do sth

  (1) 因感到难为情或感到差耻而不愿某事。如:

  I am ashamed to say so. 这样说我不好意思。

  He was too ashamed to ask for help. 他不好意思请求帮助。

  (2) 对做某事而感到羞愧或惭愧。如:

  You should be ashamed to tell such lies. 撒这样的谎你应该感到羞愧。

  He was ashamed to have made some careless mistakes. 他因出了些很粗心的差错而感到惭愧。

  注:该用法有时可换成 that 从句。如上面最后一句也可说成:

  He was ashamed that he had made some careless mistakes.

  再比较:

  他因说谎而感到羞惭。

  正:He was ashamed of having lied.

  正:He was ashamed to have lied.

  正:He was ashamed that he had lied.

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