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初二英语下册Module 9基础知识及练习题

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  【热身训练】
  一、新词自测
  1. herself 2. explain
  3. patient 4. introduce
  5. encourage 6. treat
  二、汉译英
  参加
  保持联系
  交朋友
  Could I ask if you’ve mentioned this to her?
  我可以问你,你是否已经对她谈到这件事了?
  mention是及物动词,意为“提及;谈到”,常用结构:mention sth. to sb.意为“向某人提及某事”,mention后也可跟宾语从句。
  I may not have mentioned it to her. 我可能没跟她提过这件事。
  I had mentioned that I didn’t really like music. 我说过,我真的不喜欢音乐。
  mention也可作名词,意为“提及”。
  The newspaper made no mention of her. 报纸上没有提到她。
  引导的宾语从句 if作连词,意为“是否”,相当于whether,可用来引导一个宾语从句。但如果从句中有or或or not时,只能用whether。
  I asked him if he could do his homework by himself. 我问他是否能自己完成作业。
  I can’t say whether it’s going to rain or not. 我不敢说天是否会下雨。
  if还可表示“如果”,常用来引导一个条件状语从句。 主句为一般将来时态时,if引导的条件状语从句常用一般现在 时表示将来。
  If you go to the party,you will have a good time.
  【即学即练】
  单项选择
  1. I don’t know the day after tomorrow.
  A. when does she come B. how will she come
  C. if she comes D. if she’ll come
  解析:本题考查宾语从句。宾语从句部分用陈述句语序, 且由句意可知用一般将来时。
  2. I want to know he will go climbing or not.
  A. if B. when C. whether D. what
  解析:本题考查宾语从句的用法。由从句中的or not,可知不能用if。
  3. Could you tell me he is right?
  A. how B. what C. if D. when
  解析:本题考查宾语从句。句意为:“你可以告诉我他是 否是对的吗?”。
  4. He wants to know if his mother here tomorrow. If she , he will get ready for it.
  A. comes; comes B. will come; will come
  C. comes; will come D. will come; comes
  解析:本题考查if引导的从句。句意为:“他想知道他的 妈妈明天是否会来。如果她来的话,他会做好准备的。” 第一个if意为“是否”,引导宾语从句,根据时间状语 tomorrow可知用一般将来时;第二个if意为“如果”,引导条件状语从句,从句用一般现在时表将来。
  Yes, but she refused to listen.
  是的,但是她拒绝去听。
  refuse是及物动词,refuse to do sth.意为“拒绝做某事”。
  He refused to open the door for us. 他拒绝给我们开门。
  (1) refuse作及物动词时,后也可跟名词或代词作宾语。
  I think he won’t refuse me.
  我想他不会拒绝我的。
  She refused their invitation.
  她拒绝了他们的邀请。
  (2) refuse还可作不及物动词,其后不接宾语。
  He can’t refuse if you ask politely.
  你如果礼貌地询问的话,他是不可能拒绝的。
  I’m sure she regrets hurting you.
  我确信她后悔伤害了你。
  regret是及物动词,regret doing sth.,意为“后悔做过某事”(事情已做)。
  I regret listening to your ideas. 我后悔听了你的主意。
  regret to do sth. 意为“遗憾去做某事”(事情未做)。
  Do you regret to go to Nanjing tonight? 你遗憾今晚去南京吗?
  【即学即练】
  单项选择
  1. You should not regret him to do it.
  A. refused B. refusing C. refuses D. refuse
  解析:本题考查单词regret的用法。句意为:“你不应该后悔拒绝他做这件事”。“后悔做过某事”用regret doing sth.。
  2. I regret you the truth.
  A. to tell B. tells C. telling D. told
  解析:本题考查regret to do sth。句意为“我很遗憾告诉你事实”。
  So be patient with her and explain to her that she can make friends with your other friends too.
  所以对她要有耐心,向她解释她也能与你的其他朋友交朋友。
  be patient with...意为“对......有耐心”,其中patient是形容词,作be动词的表语。
  My grandmother is always patient with me. 我奶奶总是对我有耐心。
  make friends with sb.与某人交朋友
  make friends with sb.意为“与某人交朋友”,也可写作make a friend with sb.,在这里并不表示交一个或交多个朋友,都是泛指“交朋友”。
  Do you want to make friends with us? 你想和我们交朋友吗?
  【即学即练】
  单项选择
  1. The mother is always patient her little baby.
  A. to B. with C. of D. for
  解析:本题考查短语的用法。be patient with ...意为“对……有耐心”。
  2. I am sorry I’m not you.
  A. be patient with B. patient to
  C. be patient to D. patient with
  解析:本题考查短语be patient with sb.的用法。句意为:“很抱歉,我对你没有耐心了。”
  3. —I am very lonely in this new school.
  —You should be friendly to others. And then you will here.
  A. make friend B. make a friend
  C. make friends with D. make a friend with
  解析:本题考查短语的用法。空后没有宾语,所以不需要加介词with,排除C和D两项;A项无此用法,所以选B。make a friend意为“交朋友”。
  I’ll encourage her to join in more.
  我将鼓励她去参加更多(的活动)。
  encourage后接复合宾语,用作encourage sb. to do sth.,意为“鼓励某人去做某事”,也可用于被动语态中。
  He encouraged me to have a try.
  他激励我去试一试。
  He was encouraged by the heroes.
  他被那些英雄人物所激励。
  【即学即练】
  用所给词的适当形式填空
  He often encourages me (work) hard.
  解析:本题考查动词的用法。encourage sb. to do sth.意为 “鼓励某人做某事”。
  Tom was (encourage) by his classmates all the time.
  解析:本题考查被动语态。由短语be encouraged by sb.可知填过去分词encouraged。
  Unit 2 I believe that the world is what you think it is.
  【热身训练】
  汉译英
  安静的;沉默的
  —天天地;渐渐地
  在那时
  担心
  I was very lonely,and afraid to make friends with anyone.
  我非常孤独,并且害怕与别人交朋友。
  lonely作形容词,意为“孤独的;寂寞的”,指主观的感受。
  You need friends to chat with,or you will feel lonely. 你需要和朋友聊天,否则你将感到寂寞。
  ( 1) lonely还可修饰地点名词,此时意为“人迹稀少的, 荒凉的”,可作定语和表语。
  That’s a lonely island.那是一座荒凉的小岛。
  (2)alone强调客观上无伴,独自一人。作形容词时,意为“独自的;单独的”,只能作表语;作副词时,意为“独自;单独”。
  He was afraid to be here alone.他害怕独自一^人在这儿。
  【即学即练】
  1. The old man lives in a town. He lives , but he doesn’t feel .
  A. lonely; alone B. lonely; lonely
  C. alone; lonely D. alone; alone
  解析:alone作副词,意为“独自一人”;lonely意为“孤独的;寂寞的”,用来表达人的心理及感情。
  2. The neighbors often visit the old woman, so she doesn’t feel at all.
  A. friendly B. lovely C. lonely D. lively
  解析:feel lonely意为“感到孤独的;寂寞的”,用来表达人的感情状态。
  3. You’d better not leave the baby by himself. (找出可以替换画线部分的选项)
  A. lonely B. alone C. awake D. asleep
  解析:leave sb. by oneself 和 leave sb. alone 同义,表示“把 某人单独留下”。
  Every time I heard the other students talking and laughing, I felt even more lonely.
  每次听到其他同学有说有笑,我觉得 自己更加孤独了。
  every time在本句中引导一个状语从句,意为“每次 ”。
  every time 也可以换成 each time。
  Every time I go to the supermarket,I always buy some good food o eat. 每次我去超市,总是买一些好吃的。
  Day by day, I learnt to trust people, and they included me in their circle of friends.
  渐渐地,我学会了信任别人,并且他们也把我列在他们的朋友圈内。
  include包括;把.....列为一部分
  include是及物动词,意为“包括;把……列为一部分”,其后可以直接跟宾语。
  The price includes both house and furniture.这个价格包括房子和里面的家具
  including除了可看作include的现在分词/动名词外,在日常运用中一般被当作介词使用,和其后的名词/代词一起形成介宾短语,意思是“包括……在内”。
  There are 40 students in the classroom, including me. 在教室里,包括我在内有40个学生。
  day by day —天天地;逐渐地
  day by day意为“一天天地;逐渐地”,用作时间状语,常置于句首,强调逐渐转变。
  Day by day,the little tree is growing tall.
  这棵小树一天天地长高。
  day after day意为“ 一天又一天地”,强调反复性。
  The old woman waited for her son day after day.
  这个老太太一天又一天地等着她的儿子。
  【即学即练】
  根据汉语意思完成句子
  1. 夏季,白天一天天地变长。
  In summer, the day gets longer day by day.
  2. 那人日复一日地等着,但再也没见到一只兔子。
  The man waited day after day but he did not see another rabbit again.
  One day, I asked her why she smiled at me that day.
  有一天,我问她那天为什么冲着我笑。
  引导的宾语从句本句中包含特殊疑问词why引导的宾语从句。当特殊疑问句作宾语从句时,仍用原来的特殊疑问词来引导,从句要用陈述句语序,同时时态要和主句一致。
  Have you decided where you would go on the next vacation?
  你决定了下一次到哪里去度假吗?
  【即学即练】
  一、单项选择
  1. Could you tell me .
  A. where do you live B. who you are waiting for
  C. who were you waiting for D. where you live in
  解析:本题考查宾语从句的语序问题。宾语从句要用陈述句语序,由此可排除A和C ;而D项应该写作where you live,可排除;由此可知本题选B。
  2. The manager came up to see .
  A. what was the matter B. what the matter was
  C. what the matter is D. what is the matter
  解析:本题考查宾语从句。宾语从句要用陈述句语序,由 此可排除A和D;又因为主句是一般过去时,所以从句要 用相应的过去时态,排除C。由此可知本题选B。
  二、同义句转换
  Where did she park her car? Do you know?
  Do you know
  What does he often talk about? The girl wondered.
  The girl wondered
  Unit 3 Language in use
  【热身训练】
  一、汉译英
  朋友圈
  最小的会员
  充满;填满
  一个被藏起来的宝藏
  二、选择合适的连接词填空
  Jim told me he didn’t go fishing yesterday afternoon. (how, why )
  Do you know else is going to be on duty today? (who, whom)
  She said it wouldn’t matter much. (that, if)
  He always thinks he can do better. ( how, who)
  I really don’t know the bridge will be finished. ( how long, how soon)
  One way to find a pen friend is to join a club.
  找到笔友的一个办法就是加入倶乐部。
  one way to do sth.意为“做某事的一个办法”,其中to do sth.是 动词不定式作后置定语,也可用of doing sth.替换。
  The best way to learn English grammar is to listen to the teacher carefully. 学好英语语法的最好办法就是认真听老师讲课。
  The great way of improving your spoken English is to work in groups. 加强英语口语的很棒的办法是小组合作学习。
  【即学即练】
  一、单项选择
  There are many other ways this difficult problem.
  A. to solve B. solve C. of solve D. solving
  解析:本题考查固定短语。 many other ways to solve this difficult problem意为“解决这个难题的许多其他的办法”。
  二、根据汉语意思完成句子
  1. 我有一个交朋友的好办法。
  I have a good way to/of make/ making friends.
  2. 学好英语的最有用的办法之一是运用它。
  The best way of learning English is using it.
  疑问句的宾语从句
  疑问句的宾语从句要注意以下几点:
  —、语序
  宾语从句用于疑问句中时,必须使用陈述句语序。
  Could you tell me who knows the answer?
  你能告诉我谁知道答案吗?
  二、连接词
  当由一般疑问句充当宾语从句时,用if或whether引导,意 为“是否”。
  I don’t know if/whether he still lives here after so many years.
  我不知道这么多年后他是否还住在这儿。
  但在下列情况下只能用whether:
  ①在具有选择意义,又有or或or not时,尤其是直接与or not 连用时,往往用whether。
  Let me know whether he will come or not. 让我知道他是否会来。
  ②在介词之后用whether。
  I’m interested in whether he likes English. 我关心的是他是否喜欢英语。
  ③在不定式前用whether。
  I don’t know whether to go. 我不知是否会去。
  ④whether置于句首时,不能换用if。
  Whether this is true or not,I can’t say.
  这是否是真的我说不上来。
  ⑤引导主语从句和表语从句时用whether。
  Whether she will come or not is still a question. 她是否会来还是个问题。
  三、时态
  如果主句的谓语动词是一般现在时,从句的谓语动词可根据需要,选用相应的时态。
  I don’t know when he will come back. 我不知道他将何时回来。
  如果主句是过去的时态,那么从句的时态一定要用相应的过去时态。即:
  The children didn’t know who he was.
  孩子们不知道他是谁。
  "They weren’t interested in what they would buy in the shop.
  他们对他们将在这个商店买什么东西不感兴趣。
  He wanted to know what his brother was doing at the moment yesterday.
  他想知道他的弟弟昨天这个时候在做什么。
  Tony didn’t know if his mother had finished her work on time.
  托尼不知道他妈妈是否按时完成了工作。
  【即学即练】
  单项选择
  1. Can you tell me you were born, Tom?
  A. who B. what C. when D. that
  解析:句意为:“汤姆,你能告诉我你是什么时候出生的吗?”表示时间的引导词只有when,故选C。
  2. Please tell me last year.
  A. where does your sister work
  B. where did your sister work
  C. where your sister works
  D. where your sister worked
  解析:宾语从句用陈述句语序,可排除A、B两项。且主句是一般过去时,故从句用相应的过去时。故选C。
  3. She asked me if I know .
  A. whose pen is it B. whose pen it was
  C. whose pen it is D. whose pen was it
  解析:宾语从句用陈述句语序,可排除A、D两项。且主句是一般过去时,故从句用相应的过去时。故选B。
  4. ( 2013 ?江苏苏州中考)一Philip has gone to New Zealand.
  —Oh, can you tell me ?
  A. when did he leave B. when he is leaving
  C. when he left D. when is he leaving
  解析:本题考查宾语从句的用法。宾语从句应用陈述句语序,先排除选项A和D;再根据上句“ Philip去新西兰了 ”可知他是过去离开的,应用一般过去时,故选C。
  二、用特殊疑问词what,where,why,who完成句子
  The children don’t know is in their stockings.
  The father asked his son was going.
  He forgot gave this gift to him.
  The teacher wants to know Mary was late for school.

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