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高一英语知识点:“每周一练”系列试题(39)及答案与详解

来源:101教育网整理 2014-11-14 字体大小: 分享到:

  高一英语“每周一练”系列试题(39)

  一、单项选择

  1. --I hope he won"t get ill during the examinations.

  --___________ . He has been very well recently.

  A. Certainly B. No C. Not D. Yes

  2. The movie is__________ boring; it is, in fact, rather exciting and interesting.

  A. anything but B. nothing but C. no more" D. all but

  3. Why didn"t you tell me there was no meeting today? I all the way here through the heavy snow.

  A. needn"t have driven B. can"t have driven

  C. mustn"t have driven D. shouldn"t have driven

  4. The shop manager always says to his assistants, "We can never be customers.

  A. so B. too C. that D. more

  5. Mr. Smith__________ the roll of film as soon as he arrived home

  A. got down to wash B. got down to develop

  C. got down to washing D. got down to developing

  6. --The two pairs of shoes are __________ the same colour.

  --But they are different __________ colour.

  A. of; from B. of; in C. in; from D. in; in

  7. The gas tank____________ twenty gallons of gas, but now it may____________ only three gallons.

  A. holds; contain B. holds; be contained

  C. is held; contain D. is held; be contained

  8. They suggested not only to the party but also give a performance.

  A. did we go B. should we go C. we should go D. thought

  9. The president of the country was well of when he was in power.

  A. praised B. fond C. appreciated D. thought

  10. --Why has he been staying at home these days?

  --He ___________ since a month ago.

  A. has been out of work B. was out of work

  C. has lost his work D. had left from his work

  11. The reason__________ their failure you know is they didn"t get fully prepared for the experiment.

  A. why.., that B. that.., why C. for.., that D. why.., because

  12. ____________ great help, I could get rid of all the difficulty and succeeded.

  A. Offered B. Having offered

  C. Being supplied D. Having supplied

  13. --Jack"s won _____________ holiday in London.

  --_________ lucky fellow !

  A. a; A B. the; The C. a; The D. the; A

  14. You _________think you"re clever, but that doesn"t give you the right to order me about!

  A. should B. would C. could D. might

  15. --Which play shall we go and see?

  A. I"m afraid we can"t

  B. I don"t think it"s interesting

  C. Yes, I quite agree with you

  D. I"ll leave it to you

  二、完形填空

  A mining(采矿的)engineer enjoyed flying very much. One day, he was flying his own plane over a lonely island when a 1_____ storm came, so he was 2____ to make a forced landing. The plane was in good 3_____ but his legs and shoulder got 4_____ hurt. After getting out of the plane with great 5_____, he found nothing but high green hills 6_____ the place. He lay there expecting to die.

  Soon, however, some men appeared from out of the forest. Though curious, they were not 7______of him. He was then gently 8______ to their village, where he was well treated. His 9_____ improved little by little and he became their 10_____. The place was 11_____ and pleasant and he was in 12_____ hurry to leave.

  Several months later, he learned some of their language and 13_____ them some of his own.

  One day, he discovered some sings of 14_____ mineral deposits(矿藏)in the soil. He decided to 15_____ to his country and set up a firm(公司)to mine the land.

  It was not long 16____ the peaceful land was taken over by strange men and machines. When there was 17_____left to mine, the firm 18______ away. They had made a great deal of 19_____ for themselves, but the villagers’ land was 20_____. Now it is impossible to grow crops there.

  1. A. quick B. wonderful C. heavy D. sudden

  2. A. ordered B. forbidden C. permitted D. obliged

  3. A. condition B. relation C. action D. speed

  4. A. slightly B. seriously C. hardly D. luckily

  5. A. pleasure B. attention C. difficulty D. achievement

  6. A. covering B. wrapping C. holding D. surrounding

  7. A. tired B. afraid C. sure D. kind

  8. A. carried B. forced C. pushed D. pulled

  9. A. health B. leg C. shoulder D. heart

  10.A. enemy B. visitor C. friend D. slave

  11.A. pure B. proper C. dangerous D. quiet

  12.A. a B. such C. no D. great

  13.A. told B. taught C. showed D. offered

  14.A. poor B. little C. much D. rich

  15.A. return B. drive C. ride D. walk

  16.A. after B. before C. when D. since

  17.A. something B. anything C. everything D. nothing

  18.A. gave B. got C. put D. passed

  19.A. iron B. dollars C. gold D. money

  20.A. ploughed B. protected C. destroyed D. sold



  三、阅读理解

  A

  Mr. Peter Johnson, aged twenty-three, battled for half an hour to escape from his trapped car yesterday when it landed upside down in three feet of water. Mr. Johnson took the only escape route—through the boot(行李箱).

  Mr. Johnson’s car had finished up in a ditch(沟渠) at Romney Marsin, Kent after skidding on ice and hitting a bank. “Fortunately, the water began to come in only slowly,” Mr. Johnson said. “I couldn’t force the doors because they were jammed against the walls of the ditch and dared not open the windows because I knew water would come flooding in.”

  Mr. Johnson, a sweet salesman of Sitting Home, Kent, first tried to attract the attention of other motorists by sounding the horn and hammering on the roof and boot. Then he began his struggle to escape.

  Later he said, “It was really a half penny that saved my life. It was the only coin I had in my pocket and I used it to unscrew the back seat to get into the boot. I hammered desperately with a hammer trying to make someone hear, but no help came.”

  It took ten minutes to unscrew the seat, and a further five minutes to clear the sweet samples from the boot. Then Mr. Johnson found a wrench and began to work on the boot lock. Fifteen minutes passed by. “It was the only chance I had. Finally it gave, but as soon as I moved the boot lid, the water and mud poured in. I forced the lid down into the mud and scrambled clear as the car filled up.”

  His hands and arms cut and bruised(擦伤), Mr. Johnson got to Beckett Farm nearby, where he was looked after by the farmer’s wife, Mrs. Lucy Bates. Huddled in a blanket, he said, “That thirty minutes seemed like hours.” Only the tips of the car wheels were visible, police said last night. The vehicle had sunk into two feet of mud at the bottom of the ditch.

  1. What is the best title for this newspaper article?

  A. The Story of Mr. Johnson, A Sweet Salesman

  B. Car Boot Can Serve As The Best Escape Route

  C. Driver Escapes Through Car Boot

  D. The Driver Survived A Terrible Car Accident

  2. Which of the following objects is the most important to Mr. Johnson?

  A. The hammer.B. The coin.

  C. The screw. D. The horn.

  3. Which statement is true according to the passage?

  A. Mr. Johnson’s car stood on its boot as it fell down.

  B. Mr. Johnson could not escape from the door because it was full of sweet jam.

  C. Mr. Johnson’s car accident was partly due to the slippery road.

  D. Mr. Johnson struggled in the pouring mud as he unscrewed the back seat.

  4. “Finally it gave” (Paragraph 5) means that _______.

  A. Luckily the door was torn away in the end

  B. At last the wrench went broken

  C. The lock came open after all his efforts

  D. The chance was lost at the last minute

  5. It may be inferred from the passage that _______.

  A. the ditch was along a quiet country road

  B. the accident happened on a clear warm day

  C. the police helped Mr. Johnson get out of the ditch

  D. Mr. Johnson had a tender wife and was well attended

  B

  The most frightening words in the English language are, “Our computer is down.” You hear it more and more when you are on business. The other day I was at the airport waiting for a ticket to Washington and the girl in the ticket office said, “I’m sorry, I can’t sell you a ticket. Our computer is down.”

  “If your computer is down, just write me out a ticket.”

  “I can’t write you out a ticket. The computer is the only one allowed to do so.”

  I looked down on the computer and every passenger was just standing there drinking coffee and staring at the black screen. Then I asked her, “What do all you people do?”

  “We give the computer the information about your trip, and then it tells us whether you can fly with us or not.”

  “So when it goes down, you go down with it.”

  “That’s good, sir.”

  “How long will the computer be down?” I wanted to know.

  “I have no idea. Sometimes it’s down for 10 minutes, sometimes for two hours. There’s no way we can find out without asking the computer, and since it’s down it won’t answer us.”

  After the girl told me they had no backup(备用) computer, I said. “Let’s forget the computer. What about your planes? They’re still flying, aren’t they?”



  “I couldn’t tell without asking the computer.”

  “Maybe I could just go to the gate and ask the pilot if he’s flying to Washington, ” I suggested.

  “I wouldn’t know what gate to send you to. Even if the pilot was going to Washington, he couldn’t take you if you didn’t have a ticket.”

  “Is there any other airline flying to Washington within the next few hours?”

  “I wouldn’t know, ” she said, pointing at the dark screen. “Only ‘IT’ knows. ‘It’ can’t tell me.”

  By this time there were quite a few people standing in lines. The word soon spread to other travelers that the computer was down. Some people went white, some people started to cry and still others kicked their luggage.

  1. The best title for the article is _______.

  A. When the Computer Is DownB. The Most Frightening Words

  C. The Computer of the AirportD. Asking the Computer

  2. What could the girl in the ticket office do for the passengers without asking the computer?

  A. She could sell a ticket.

  B. She could write out a ticket.

  C. She could answer the passengers’ questions.

  D. She could do nothing.

  3. Why do you think they had not a backup computer?

  A. Because it was easy down

  B. Because it was very expensive.

  C. Because it was not advanced enough.

  D. Because it was not as big as the main computer.

  4. The last paragraph suggests that _______.

  A. a modern computer won’t be down.

  B. computers can take the place of humans

  C. sometimes a computer may bring suffering to people

  D. there will be great changes in computers

  非选择题

  一、短文改错

  (共l0小题;每小题l分,满分l0分)

  (注意:在试题卷上作答无效)

  文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加.删除或修改。

  增加: 在缺词处加上一个漏词符号(∧),并在此符号下面写出该加的词。

  删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

  修改: 在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  注意: 1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词;

  2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  It is reported, some needy students receive financial support from some kind people but never express our thanks. Personally, I think they are wrong. Though the helpers didn’t expect any reward in return, it is necessary and good manner to say “thank you”. Besides, it is a basic social skill express ourselves in modern society. Maybe some of them do feel thankfully. It is only because they are afraid of looked down upon which they remain silent. But I just want to say that being poor for a moment doesn’t means you will be poor forever.

  二、书面表达

  假如你暑假期间要去英国Embassy English Language School (EELS)进行短期学习。以下是英方学校寄给你的课程安排选择表。请你仔细阅读课表,按要求给校方回复一封信。

  Schedule for EELS Summer English Courses

  English CoursesTotal Hours of StudyTotal Hours of Part-time JobDate

  Six-week course12048July 1 — August 15

  Four-week course60No Job but Tour InsteadJuly 1 — August 1

  Please include the following:

  1.Your choice of the courses and possible reasons

  2.Your present English level

  3.Specific language skill you hope to improve

  4.Other requirements

  注意:1.信的开头已为你写好;2.词数:120左右

  Dear Sir or Madam,

  Thank you for your offer inviting me to the summer English course in your school.

  ______________________________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________________________



  【答案与详解】

  单项选择

  1.B否定回答用no,而不是not,此题回答是省略的,原为No,he won"t.

  2.A anything but表示“根本不”的含义。

  3.A needn"t have done意为“本来不需要”;D为“本来不应该”。

  4.B too…to固定词组搭配,意为“太……以至于……”,含有否定的意思。

  5.D此题考查的是固定词组,get down to后可直接接名词或动词-ing形式。

  6.B of the same接名词用作表语,意为“同样的颜色”;be different in接名词,表示在某方面不同。

  7.A此题考查动词的语态知识。hold表示“容纳”,contain表示“装着”时都用主动形式。

  8.B suggest意为“建议”,后接的宾语从句中用should+动词,should可以省略。

  9.D think of用于被动为be thou曲t of,B项be fond of后须接名词或代词;A、C项后不用接of。

  10.A答语中有since引导的时间状语,限定了句中的动词为持续性动词。

  11.C此题关键是their failure为名词词组,A项why后须接句子。

  12.A此题考查的是省略的用法。前面的分句省略的主语为I,所以动词要用被动。

  13.C此题考查冠词的用法。前空为泛指,后空为特指。

  14.D此题意为“你也许认为自己弄明白了,但这并不表明你有权力命令我。”所以A、B、C项都不符合题干的意思。

  15.D问句意为“我们去看哪部戏?”A、B、c项答非所问。D项意为“由你决定”。

  完形填空

  1、选C。从他紧急着落看,所遇到的风暴一定较为“猛烈”。

  2、选D。be obliged to 意为“被迫”。因是私下驾驶,又是自己的飞机,故不会有人“命令”、“禁止”或“允许”他着落。

  3、选A。飞机状况良好,但他的腿和肩受了伤。前后两句形成了对比。

  4、选B。从He lay there expecting to die可推知,他所受的伤较为“严重”。

  5、选C。由于伤势严重,所以从飞机里出来时显得十分“艰难”。

  6、选D。群山“环抱”。A(覆盖)、B(包裹)不合逻辑,C(容纳)表意不清。

  7、选B。从他们把他带到村里精心治疗来看,他们虽觉好奇(毕竟是来自不同国度的人),但并不“害怕”。be not tired of “不厌倦”和be not sure of “不确信”不合文意。D既不合文意,也不合词的搭配。

  8、选A。他身负重伤,岛上人又很善良,故不可能“逼”、“推”或“拉”他走。

  9、选A。B、C不能概全,具有片面性,D表意不清。

  10、选C。从当地人精心照料他和他们相互教对方自己的语言来看,他成了当地人的“朋友”。

  11、选D。从前面的a lonely island和后面的the peaceful land可判断出。A、B表意不清,C不合文意。

  12、选C。这个地方的环境和人是如此的好,所以他并“不急于”离开。in no hurry的意思是“不着急”。

  13、选B。本句意思为“他学到了他们的一些语言,也教他们一些自己的语言。

  14、选D。因为矿藏很“丰富”,他才决定回国组建一个公司来开采。C与习惯搭配不符。

  15、选A。由于身处孤岛,所以不可能“乘车”或“步行”回国。

  16、选B。it is not long before“时间不长”是一常见句型。

  17、选D。当没什么可开采的时候,采矿公司便离开了当地。

  18、选B。gave away“散发、分发”,got away“离开、出发”,put away“收好,放好,储存”,pass away“死”,根据语境不难排除A、C、D三项。

  19、选D。make money意为“赚钱”。余者不合习惯表达法。

  20、选C。现在土地不可能再种庄稼,说明土地遭到了“破坏”。

  阅读理解

  A

  本文记述了Mr. Johnson由于车祸被困于水下车内半个小时,最后死里逃生的故事。

  1. C。主旨题。根据第1段 Mr. Peter Johnson…escape from his trapped car…through the boot 可归纳出文章的标题为答案C。

  2. B。细节题。根据第4段 Mr. Johnson 所说的话及他后面所做的事情可推知此题答案为B。

  3. C。细节题。根据第2段第一句…skidding on ice and hitting a bank 可推知答案为C。

  4. C。词句理解题。根据其上文 …work on the boot lock 及下文 but as soon as I moved the boot lid, the water and mud poured in 可推知此题答案为C。

  5. A。推断题。根据第4段最后一句 but no help came 及最后一段的第一句 Mr. Johnson got to Beckett Farm nearby 可推知地点是在寂静的农村,此题答案为A。

  B

  本文记述了作者在机场遭遇电脑系统死机所带来的后果及人们对此的反应。

  1.A。主旨题。根据文章第1句中的Our computer is down及后面的文章内容,可推知此题答案为A。

  2.D。细节题。根据文章中的对话:售票员不能卖机票,回答不出旅客提出的问题等等,可推知此题答案为D。

  3.B。主观题。根据各选项的比较及生活经验对之进行判断,得出此题的答案为B。

  4.C。推断题。根据文章最后一段的描述:电脑死机,旅客们感到恐惧、忧郁、不安,从而可推知此题答案为C。

  短文改错

  1 .It——As 2. Our——their 3. Didn"t——don"t 4. Manner——manners

  5.skill to express 6.thankfully——thankful 7. Of being looked 8. Which——that

  9.a——the 10.means——mean

  One possible version:

  Dear Sir or Madam,

  Thank you for your offer inviting me to the summer English course in your school.As for my choice between the two courses, I’d certainly prefer the four-week course for 60 hours of study.This would allow me more time to see your beautiful country while learning the language.I would like to do some traveling and make a few new friends.

  Of all the subjects I’m learning at school, I like English best.I have been learning English for 6 years and now I am able to listen, speak, read and write in English.I hope to take this chance to improve my spoken English as much as possible.Besides, I’d like to have home-stay for a couple of days so that I can know better about English habits and customs.I believe I will have a wonderful time in England this summer.

  Truly yours,

  Li Hua

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