高一期末考试1v1

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高一英语知识点:高一英语单元检测试题及答案

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  高一英语单元检测试题及答案

  第Ⅰ卷(选择题 三部分 共85分)

  第一部分 听力(共两节,满分20分)

  第一节:(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  1. What" s the weather like now?

  A. Hot. B. Cold. C. Warm.

  2. What is the woman doing?

  A. She is doing her homework.B. She is watching TV.

  C. She is playing the piano.

  3. What will the man do this afternoon?

  A. Go to have classes.B. Go shopping with the woman.

  C. Go to see a movie with the woman.

  4. Where does the conversation probably take place?

  A. In a park. B. On the street. C. In a store.

  5. What does the woman mean?

  A. The man should return the book in a week.

  B. The man doesn" t have to return the book.

  C. The man can keep the book for two weeks.

  第二节 (共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

  听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,每小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

  听第6段材料, 回答6---8题.

  6. What time is it now?

  A. 9:30. B. 9:40. C. 9:50.

  7. Where will the man go?

  A. His office. B. A meeting hall.C. The center of the city.

  8. How will the woman go to the meeting?

  A. By taxi. B. By car. C. By subway.

  听第7段材料, 回答9---11题.

  9. Why is the man going to Shanghai?

  A. On business. B. To get married.C. To attend a wedding.

  10. How old is the man now?

  A. 27. B. 28. C. 30.

  11. What can we learn about the man from the dialogue?

  A. He hates his job very much.B. He often travels for business.

  C. He is looking for a new job at present.

  听第8段材料, 回答12---14题.

  12. What"s the relationship between the two speakers?

  A. Grandpa and granddaughter.B. Father and daughter.

  C. Teacher and student.

  13. When was the first bicycle invented?

  A. In 1719. B. In 1790. C. In 1799.

  14. What will the woman do this afternoon?

  A. Go to buy a bicycle. B. Learn to ride a bicycle.

  C. Go to visit her aunt.

  听第9段材料, 回答15---17题.

  15. What happens to the young couple in the woman"s book?

  A. They find they don" t love each other.

  B. They find they got married too early.

  C. They find it is hard to get along well with each other.

  16. What" s the end of the story written by the woman?

  A. The young couple decide to take a short break from their marriage.

  B. The young couple decide not to give up their marriage.

  C. The young couple choose to divorce(离婚).

  17. What do we learn about the woman from the dialogue?

  A. She has been divorced.B. She is crazily in love.

  C. She is working in a company now.

  听第10段材料, 回答18---20题.

  18. What is the speaker mainly talking about?

  A. The development of hotels.B. The purpose of building hotels.

  C. What the first hotels looked like.

  19. Where were the first hotels built?

  A. In the centers of large cities. B. Along the road.

  C. Near train stations.

  20. What can we learn from the text?

  A. Motels are mainly built in the centers of big cities.

  B. City hotels don" t have parking space for car travelers.

  C. Motels are mainly built for car travelers.

  第二部分 英语知识运用(共两小节,满分35分)

  第一节 单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

  从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  21.I went to Sanya with my parents last month. Travelling by ship is quite exciting

  experience.

  A. the; anB. /; an C. /; the D. a; an

  22. She felt of having done that and tears ran down her cheeks.

  A. shame B. ashamedC. sorry D. disappointed

  23. If you spend a period of time with him, it will not be difficult for you to find him easy _____.

  A. to get along with B. getting along with C. to get along D. to be gotten along with

  24.When we got to the top of the mountain, we were _____ tired, so we stopped to have a rest.

  A. not in the least B. not a bit C. not at all D. not a little

  25._______ reading the letter, he was pleased ______ me that he would leave for Japan next day.

  A. With; telling B. With; to tell C. On; telling D. On; to tell

  26.A clean environment can help the city bid for (申办)the Olympics, which ______ will promote its economic development.

  A. in nature B. in return C. in turn D. in fact

  27.You don’t need to describe her . I ______ her several times .

  A. meet B. met C. have met D . had met



  28.We didn’t get much sleep last night because the people next door ______ a noisy party .

  A. have B. had had C. have had D. were having

  29.It’s required that we work some extra hours today, for a lot of work requires

  A. should, doingB. must, to be done

  C. have to, to doD. will, do

  30.China is increasingly short of natural resources, including natural gas and other forms of __.

  A. material B. energy C. power D. source

  31.---At this time tomorrow _______ over the Atlantic.

  ---Oh, wish you a good journey.

  A. we’re going to fly B. we’ll be flying

  C. we’ll fly D. we are to fly

  32. You stepped into the lab with your shoes on? You’re ____ to take them off before you enter it.

  A. invited B. supposed C. forbidden D. permitted

  33.He moved to New York, _________ he was born.

  A. which B. how C. when D. where

  34.Recently I bought an ancient Chinese vase , _____ was very reasonable.

  A. which price B. the price of which C. its price D. the price of whose

  35.I don’t like _____ you speak to her.

  A. the way B. the way in that  C. the way which D. the way of which

  第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

  阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从36-55各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

  During a recent vacation(假期) I visited Dusseldorf, a city in the former West Germany. The nine-day trip left a deep impression(印象) on me. I arrived at Dusseldorf airport at six. It was already dark outside. The first thing I needed to do was to find a place to ___36___ . I decided to telephone the youth hotel. But to use the ___37___ I needed some coins. I asked a lady for ___38___. To my surprise, she ___39___ me three coins to use. But all the phones in the ___40___ needed phone cards. And phone cards could only be ___41___ at post-office during the daytime. I was afraid I ___42___ be able to call the hotel. An old gentleman helped me. He couldn’t speak English but ___43___ that I needed to make a phone call. He showed me where the ___44___ was and inserted (插入) his phone card. I called the youth hotel and found a place to stay that night. The kindness of ___45___ made me feel that I was not far from ___46___. And my first day in Germany wasn’t as ___47___ as I expected.

  Whenever I went, I asked people for ___48___. It surprised me that almost every young German could speak English ___49___. Older Germans ___50___ speak English very well, but they would try to help me whenever they could. One middle-aged man I ___51___ directions even drove me to the place I was looking for. My experience in Germany completely changed my ___52___ of Germans. Before, I thought they were unfriendly to foreigners. In many World War Ⅱ films Germans are ___53___. But things changed ___54___. And the people couldn’t be ___55___ friendly.

  36. A. live B. stay C. work D. visit

  37. A. hotel B. taxi C. phone D. money

  38. A. help B. advice C. the telephone D. the youth hotel

  39. A. lent B. shared C. borrowed D. gave

  40. A. station B. airport C. hotel D. Germany

  41. A. bought B. found C. used D. called

  42. A. couldn’t B. should C. wouldn’t D. will

  43. A. mistook B. heard C. wondered D. understood

  44. A. phone B. hotel C. card D. post - office

  45. A. lady B. old man C. help D. the German people

  46. A. Germany B. home C. the hotel D. them

  47. A. unforgettable B. interesting C. bad D. good

  48. A. directions B. advice C. English D. way

  49. A. often B. fluently C. a little D. much

  50. A. could also B. couldn’t C. can D. did

  51. A. didn’t B. lost C. asked for D. showed

  52. A. love B. life C. impression D. interest

  53. A. friendly B. enemy C. bad manners D. unfriendly

  54. A. by then B. since then C. later D. before

  55. A. still B. much C. too D. more

  第三部分:阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

  A

  Ali is from a Middle Eastern country. He now stays in the USA. He smokes a lot of cigarettes (香烟) every day. He has smoked for nine years. Ali says, “ I tried to quit (放弃) smoking in my hometown, but it was impossible. My brothers smoke. All my friends smoke. At parties and at meetings, almost all the men smoke. Here in the United States, not as many people smoke. It will be easier to change my habit here.”

  Many smokers are like Ali: they want to stop smoking. The smokers know that smoking is bad for their health. They know it can cause cancer and heart disease. But it is difficult for them to give up smoking because cigarettes have a drug in them. The drug is nicotine (尼古丁). People who smoke a lot need nicotine.



  When a person first begins to smoke, he usually feels terrible. The nicotine makes him sick. In a few days, the smoker’s body is used to the nicotine, and he feels fine. Later, the smoker needs nicotine to keep feeling fine. Without nicotine, he feels bad.

  It is very hard to quit smoking, and many people who quit will soon smoke again. At a party or at work they will decide to smoke “just one” cigarette. Then they will smoke another cigarette, and another. Soon they become smokers again. Maybe there is only one easy way to quit smoking: never start.

  56. How long has Ali smoked?

  A. Nine years. B. Seven years.

  C. Five years. D. Three years.

  57. How do the smokers feel without nicotine?

  A. Fine.B. Happy.

  C. Worried. D. Bad.

  58. According to Paragraph 2 , many smokers want to stop smoking because they ______.

  A. want to go to parties B. can’t smoke at work

  C. may suffer from cancer D. need nicotine and drugs

  59. By writing this text, the writer hopes that people will ______.

  A. stay in their hometown B. never start smoking

  C. eat less and smoke more D. not live in the United States

  B

  Mr. Jackson was tired of living in his old house in the countryside and wanted to sell it and buy a better one. He tried to sell it for a long time, but was not successful, so at last he decided to go to an estate agent(房产经纪人).

  The agent advertised(登广告) the house straight away, and a few days later, the owner saw a very beautiful photograph of his house, with a wonderful description of his garden in an expensive magazine.

  Having read the advertisement through, the house owner hurried to phone the estate agent, saying, “I"m sorry, Mr. Jones, but I"ve decided not to sell my house after all.” “Why?” the agent asked in a surprised voice. “Because from the advertisement in that magazine I can see it"s just the kind of house I"ve wanted to live in all my life.”

  60. Mr. Jackson wanted to sell his house because _____.

  A. he needed some money to support his family

  B. his house was too old to live in

  C. he wanted some money to buy a new one

  D. he didn"t want to live in the house any longer

  61. The reason why Mr. Jackson went to the estate agent was _____.

  A. he had failed in selling his house by himself

  B. he wanted the estate agent to help him to get a good price

  C. he was sure that the estate agent could help him

  D. he wanted the estate to advertise his house in the magazine

  62. At last Mr. Jones _____.

  A. was successful in selling the house

  B. felt sorry to have lost a sale by his doing too good a job

  C. was satisfied with what he had done in the advertisement

  D. didn’t understand why Mr. Jackson had changed his mind

  63. What do you think of the advertisement in magazines?

  A. They are worth reading.

  B. They usually make things far better than they really are.

  C. They are a great help to those who want to buy something.

  D. They describe things as they really are.

  C



  Seven tips to good table manners

  Whether it"s dinner at a friend"s house or a business meeting over lunch, we judge people based on their table manners. But what can you do if your kids do not behave themselves at the dinner tables? The following are seven tips to set your children on the road to good table manners:

  ●Look for the good. Instead of pointing out(指出) all the things your children do wrong, point out what they do right. Please say, for example, “ I am so proud of you. It was wonderful the way you served yourself.”

  ●Don’t turn dinner into an unpleasant “lecture time”. That will turn kids off not only manners, but dinner, and you, too.

  ●Check your own example. Don"t show up for dinner in just your underwear (内衣) unless you want your kids to do the same.

  ●Don"t always consider your kids lazy and dirty ones. Instead, point out the behavior in a tender way. For example: “It’s a good idea to unfold your napkin, so if food falls you won’t dirty your clothes.”

  ●Teach your kids good manners in the form of a game. One night a week, try to have a formal dinner. Try dressing up, serve a special meal, and expect more formal manners. That will help improve their sense ( 意识) of manners.

  ● Make kids understand part of the tradition. Invite guests over and let kids help serve them. This helps them indirectly learn about table manners.

  ●Try dining out once in a while. Fast food restaurants aren"t counted(算在内). Try a nice restaurant and let kids order their own food, pay the bill and give the tip.

  64. The passage is mainly written for ____.

  A. kids B. parents

  C. hosts D. guests

  65. Which of the following should parents do to help their kids learn good table manners?

  A.Try dining out in fast food restaurants once in a while

  B. Point out what’s wrong with the kids’behavior at dinner.

  C. Keep telling the kids how to behave themselves at dinner.

  D. Improve kids’ sense of manners by having a formal dinner at times.

  66. The kids should do the following EXCEPT ______.

  A. going to a formal dinner in underwear

  B. helping parents to serve the guests

  C. ordering their own food and paying the bill

  D. unfolding the napkin to keep their clothes clean

  67. The underlined part“turn kids off”in the second tip probably mean “_____”

  A. make kids pleased with B. make kids interested in

  C. make kids tired of D. make kids fond of

  D

  LEEDS, England-A Leeds University psychology(心理学)professor is teaching a course to help dozens of people forgive(stop being angry with)their enemies.

  “The hatred (憎恨) we hold within us is a cancer,”Professor Ken Hart said, adding that holding in anger can lead to problems such as high blood pressure and heart disease.

  More than 70 people have become members in Hart’s first 20-week workshop in London—a course he says is the first of its kind in the world.

  These are people who are sick and tired of living with a memory. They realize their bitterness is a poison they think they can pour out, but they end up drinking it themselves, said Canadian-born Hart.

  The students meet in groups of eight to ten for a two-hour workshop with an adviser every fortnight.(= two weeks)

  The course, ending in July, is expected to get rid of the cancer of hate in these people.“People have lots of negative(消极的)attitudes towards forgiveness,” he said.“People confuse(把……混同)forgiveness with forgetting. Forgiveness means changing from a negative attitude to a positive one(积极的态度)”.

  Hart and his team have made instructions to provide the training needed.

  “The main idea is to give you guidelines on how to look at various kinds of angers and how they affect you, and how to change your attitudes toward the person you are angry with,”said Norman Claringbull, a senior expert on the forgiveness project, Hart said he believes forgiveness is a skill that can be taught, as these people“want to get free of the past”.

  68.From this passage we know that .

  A. high blood pressure and heart disease are caused by hatred

  B. high blood pressure can only be cured by psychology professors

  C. without hatred, people will have less trouble connected with blood and heart

  D. people who suffer from blood pressure and heart disease must have many enemies

  69.In Hart’s first 20-week workshop, people there can .

  A. meet their enemies B. change their minds

  C. enjoy the professor’s speech D. learn how to quarrel with others

  70. If you are a member in Hart’s workshop, you’ll .

  A. pay much money to Hart

  B. go to the workshop every night

  C. attend a gathering twice a month

  D. pour out everything stored in your mind



  第Ⅱ卷(非选择题 三节 共35分)

  第一节:任务型阅读(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  The World Band, the United Nations and the London School of Hygienne and Tropical Medicine did a study to urge hand-washing around the world. They found that one million lives could be saved each year if people washed their hands with soap often. They said that programs to increase hand-washing with soap could be among the most effective ways to reduce infectious(有传染性的)disease.

  Doctors say, many diseases can be prevented from spreading by hand-washing. These include pinworms,influenza, the common cold, hepatitis A, meningitis and infectious diarrhea.

  Hand-washing destroys germs from other people, animals or objects a person has touched. When people get bacteria(细菌) on their hands, they can infect themselves by touching their eyes, nose or mouth. Then these people can infect other people.

  The experts say the easiest way to catch a cold is to touch your nose or eyes after someone nearby has sneezed or coughed. Another way to become sick is to eat food prepared by someone whose hands were not clean.

  The experts say that hand-washing is especially important before and after preparing food, before eating or after using the toilet. People should wash their hands after handling animals or animal waste, and after cleaning a baby. The experts say it is also a good idea to wash your hands after handling money and after sneezing or coughing. And it is important to wash your hands often when someone in your home is sick. The experts say the most effective way to wash your hands is to rub them together while using soap and warm water. They say you don’t have to use special antibacterial soap. Be sure to rub all areas of the hands for about ten to fifteen seconds. The rubbing action helps remove germs. Then rinse(冲洗) the hands with water and dry them.

  Title 71

  ThemeHand-washing could be among the most effective ways to reduce infectious diseases.

  Many 72 can be prevented Pinworms,influenza, the common cold, hepatitis A, meningitis and infectious diarrhea.

  73 to do hand-washing1. Before and after preparing 74

  2. Before eating and after using the 75

  3. After handling animals or animal waste

  4. After cleaning a baby

  5. After handling money and after sneezing or 76

  6. When someone in your home is sick

  77 to do hand-washingRubbing them together while using 78 and warm water.

  Rubbing all areas of the hands for about ten to 79 seconds and rinsing the hands with water and dry them.

  How hand-washing worksHand-washing destroys germs from other people, 80 or objects a person has touched.

  第二节:单词拼写(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)

  81. The police are trying to get in touch with the only______(目击者)to the car accident.

  82. No one goes to the school during the v________.

  83. So we’ve been looking at other possibilities too, such as murder. We will not give up until we find

  convincing e _______ .

  84. Why is everything always my _______(过失)?

  85. It was a bit c______ for me at first because all homework was in English.

  第三节:书面表达(共20分)

  假如你是王方,你的一个好朋友李华在北京,你们通过E-mail保持联系。在E-mail 中,你告诉李华,今年的寒假你打算去埃及旅游,并告诉他原因,同时邀请他与你同行。根据下面表格的信息完成这封E-mail。

  旅游地埃及

  原因1.古代文明发源地,历史悠久,每年有大量游客;

  2.探索神秘之地, 如金字塔,木乃伊,等等;

  3.尼罗河沿岸风光优美,可以在河上进行白浪漂流;

  说服李华同去的其他理由 … … (自己补充,至少一条)

  注意:1、词数:110左右;

  2、短文的开头已给出,不记入总词数;

  3、埃及:Egypt 古代文明: ancient civilization

  Dear Li Hua ,

  How is everything with you? I am happy to see the winter holiday is coming. _______________

  _____________________________________________________________________________

  高一英语单元检测

  1----20 .CBACC ACBCA BABCC BAABC

  21---35 BBADD CCDAB BBDBA

  36---55 BCADB ACDAD BCABB CCDBD

  56---70 ADCB DABB BDAC CBC

  71.Hand-washing 72.diseases 73.When 74.food 75.toilet

  76.coughing 77.How 78.soap 79.fifteen 80.animals

  81.witness 82.discovery 83.evidence 84.fault 85.challenging

  Dear Li Hua,

  How is everything with you? I am happy to see the winter holiday is coming. I’ve decided to travel to Egypt this winter. As is known to all, it is a mysterious country with a long history, where tourists can enjoy the beauty of pyramids and get to know the secret of mummies. Being one of the origins of the ancient civilization, it attracts tourists from all parts of the world every year. Also, the scenery along the Nile is perfectly wonderful and people can go white-water rafting there. Although it might be a tiring and dangerous trip, it is worthwhile. As a young man, I think we should experience some adventures in our life. I have got everything ready, would you like to go with me?

  Yours sincerely,

  Wang Fang

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