Unit 3 A taste of English humour
An old man who lived in a small street in the city of Mumbai had to put up 1 the nuisance(烦心事)of having boys play cricket outside his house at night.
One evening when the boys were 2 (particular)noisy,he went out to talk to them.He explained that he was happiest 3 he could see or hear boys playing his favourite game,cricket.He said he would give them 25 rupees(卢比)each week to play in the street at night.
The boys were thrilled.They were being paid to do something they enjoyed! At the end of the first week they 4 (knock)at the old mans door and asked him to pay them,and so he did.
The second week when they asked for 5 (pay)he said he had run out of money and sent them away with only 15 rupees.The third week the man said he had not 6 received his pension and gave them only 10 rupees.The boys were very 7 (disappoint)but there was not much they could do about 8 .The fourth week the man said he could not afford to pay them 25 rupees 9 he had promised,but would give them 5 rupees each week without fail.
This was too much for the boys.“You expect us to play seven days 10 week for a merely 5 rupees!” they yelled.“Go to blazes.” They stormed away and never played on the street again.
Jenna,a popular girl from Westwood Middle School,had graduated first in her class and was ready for new 1 in high school.
2 ,high school was different.In the first week,Jenna went to tryouts(选拔赛) for cheerleaders(拉拉队队员).She was competing against very talented girls,and she knew it would be difficult for her to be selected.Two hours later,the 3 read a list of the girls for a second tryout.Her heart sank as the list ended without her name.Feeling 4 ,she walked home carrying her schoolbag full of homework.
Arriving home,she started with math.She had always been a good math student,but now she was 5 .She moved on to English and history,and was 6 to find that she didnt have any trouble with those subjects.Feeling better,she decided not to 7 math for the time being.
The next day Jenna went to see Mrs.Biden about being on the school 8 .Mrs.Biden wasnt as 9 as Jenna.“Im sorry,but we have enough 10 for the newspaper already.Come back next year and well talk then.”Jenna smiled weakly and left.“Why is high school so 11 ?”she sighed.
Later in 12 class,Jenna devoted herself to figuring out the problems that had given her so much 13 .By the end of class,she understood how to get them right.As she gathered her books,Jenna decided shed continue to try to fit in at her new school.She wasnt sure if shed succeed,but she knew she had to 14 .High school was just as her mom had said：“You will feel like a small fish in a big pond 15 a big fish in a small pond.The challenge is to become the best fish you can be.”
7.A.put up B.prepare for
C.worry about D.give up
15.A.in return for B.in case of
C.in terms of D.instead of
The automobile has many advantages.Above all,it offers people freedom to go wherever and whenever they want to go.The basic purpose of a motor vehicle is to get from point A to point B as cheaply,quickly,and safely as possible.However,to most people,cars are also personal fantasy machines that serve as symbols of power,success,speed,excitement,and adventure.
In addition,much of the world,s economy is built on producing motor vehicles and supplying roads,services,and repairs for those vehicles.Half of the world,s paychecks are auto related.In the United States,one of every six dollars spent and one of every six non farm jobs are connected to the automobile or related industries,such as oil,steel, rubber, plastics, automobile services,and highway construction.
In spite of their advantages,motor vehicles have many harmful effects on human lives and on air,water,land,and wildlife resources.The automobile may be the most destructive machine ever invented.Though we tend to deny it,riding in cars is one of the most dangerous things we do in our daily lives.
Since 1885,when Karl Benz built the first automobile,almost 18 million people have been killed by motor vehicles.Every year,cars and trucks worldwide kill an average of 250,000 people—as many as were killed in the atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki—and injure or permanently disable ten million more.Half of the world,s people will be involved in an auto accident at some time during their lives.
Since the automobile was introduced,almost three million Americans have been killed on the highways—about twice the number of Americans killed on the battlefield in all U.S.wars.In addition to the tragic loss of life,these accidents cost American society about $60 billion annually in lost income and in insurance(保险),administrative(行政的),and legal expenses.
Streets that used to be for people are now for cars.Pedestrians and people riding bicycles in the streets are subjected to noise,pollution,stress,and danger.
Motor vehicles are the largest source of air pollution,producing a haze of smog over the world,s cities.In the United States,they produce at least 50% of the country,s air pollution.
1.Cars represent people,s ___________.
C.life style D.fame
2.According to the passage,the average number of people killed annually in traffic accidents around the world is _______________.
C.half of the world,s population
3.A serious environmental problem resulting from automobiles is ______.
A.tragic loss of life B.traffic jams
C.air pollution D.mental stress
4.It can be inferred from this passage that automobiles __________.
A.are an important part of the worlds economy
B.are becoming less dangerous
C.will produce less air pollution in the future
D.are killing more people in recent years than in the past
5.The title that suits the passage best is ____________.
A.Automobile and Economy
B.Automobile and the Environment
C.The Problems with the Automobile
D.Advantages and Disadvantages of the Automobile
1.解析：put up with是一个词组，意为“忍耐，忍受”。
5.解析：介词后面应该用名词，ask for payment索要报酬。
7.解析： disappointed 感到失望的。disappointing是“令人失望的”。
10.解析：a week=per week,every week。
二、x k b 1 .co m
7.解析:觉得心情好些了，她决定暂时不再为数学担忧(worry about)。put up 张贴、建造;prepare for为……做准备;give up放弃，均不符合语境。
9.解析:Mrs.Biden 对于 Jenna 想参与校刊编写的想法并不热心(enthusiastic)。
答案：D新 课标 第 一网
15.解析:妈妈曾告诉她：你会觉得自己像是一个大池塘里的一条小鱼，而不是(instead of)一个小池塘里的一条大鱼，挑战将会成为最好的。in return for 作为……的回报;in case of 以免，以防;in terms of 就……而言。
Automobiles have both advantages and disadvantages.They can get people anywhere and bring them good feelings,as well as job opportunities.But in the meantime,they kill and injure people,cost a lot of money and pollute the earth we live on.